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A Century of Transitions, 1815-1914. CHY4U Unit 3 . Industrialization. Late-1700s to mid-1800s. Setting the Stage. http://vimeo.com/54338368 Industrial revolution scene in London 2012 Olympics opening ceremony: How does Britain view its Industrial Revolution?

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chy4u unit 3

A Century of Transitions, 1815-1914

CHY4U Unit 3

Industrialization

Late-1700s to mid-1800s

setting the stage
Setting the Stage
  • http://vimeo.com/54338368
  • Industrial revolution scene in London 2012 Olympics opening ceremony:
    • How does Britain view its Industrial Revolution?
      • What might be missing from this view?
  • Industrialization is a process. Britain, then Belgium, France, Germany, and rest of Europe.
pre industrial vs industrial chart
Pre-industrial Vs. Industrial Chart

Based on video and previous knowledge..

  • Where was society located before and after?
  • What was the economy based on?
  • What kind of power was used for production?
  • What type of work was done?
  • What kind of fuel was used?
machinery
Machinery

Images:

http://inventors.about.com/od/indrevolution/ss/Industrial_Revo.htm

Newcomen Steam Engine (1712)

  • Pumped water out of a mine.

About.com. Industrial Revolution – Pictures from the Industrial Revolution. 2013. http://inventors.about.com/od/indrevolution/ss/Industrial_Revo.htm (November 2, 2013).

machinery1
Machinery

James Watt’s Improved Steam Engine (1769)

  • Now with a crank and flywheel.
  • Four times more power than Newcomen steam engines.

About.com. Industrial Revolution – Pictures from the Industrial Revolution. 2013. http://inventors.about.com/od/indrevolution/ss/Industrial_Revo_4.htm(November 2, 2013).

machinery2
Machinery

Flying Shuttle (1733)

  • For weaving yarn.

About.com. Industrial Revolution – Pictures from the Industrial Revolution. 2013. http://inventors.about.com/od/indrevolution/ss/Industrial_Revo_2.htm(November 2, 2013).

machinery3
Machinery

Spinning Mule (1779)

About.com. Industrial Revolution – Pictures from the Industrial Revolution. 2013. http://inventors.about.com/od/indrevolution/ss/Industrial_Revo_6.htm(November 2, 2013).

industrialization
Industrialization

Crystal Palace, 1851

Quarry Bank Mill

Victoria Station, The Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace, 2001, http://www.victorianstation.com/palace.html (August 15, 2005); Quarry Bank Mill and Styal Estate, 2001, http://www.quarrybankmill.org.uk/ (August 15, 2005); www.bbc.co.uk/ images/ind_boysloom.jpg

coal output
Coal Output

Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis and Anthony Esler, World History: Connections to Today – Teachers Edition (Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2001), 520.

railroad
Railroad

Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis and Anthony Esler, World History: Connections to Today – Teachers Edition (Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2001), 503.

railway
Railway

Stephenson’s Locomotive, “The Rocket”

BBC History Trail, Victorian Britain, Industry and Invention, 2001, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/lj/victorian_britainlj/industry_invention_6.shtml?site=history_victorianlj_industry (August 15, 2005)

no school
No School
  • “Up until the end of the 19th Century there was no law that meant you had to be educated at all.
  • In early Victorian Britain many children never went to school.
  • Parents had to pay for their children to go to school, but many families were too poor to afford this. They sent their children to work in the factories instead.”

National Archives, Learning Curve, Snapshots, How We Were Taught, 2000, http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot15/snapshot15.htm (October 15, 2005)

child labour
Child Labour

Child Coal Miners

National Archives Learning Curve, Victorian Britain, Industrial Nation, Source 4, n.d., http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/victorianbritain/industrial/source4.htm (October 15, 2005)

cities
Cities

“At the start of the 19th century about 20% of Britain’s population lived there, but by 1851 half the population of the country had set up home in London.”

George Cruikshank, London Going Out of Town, 1829

Spartacus Educational, British History 1700-1900, n.d., http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ITlondon.htm (October 15, 2005); National Archives, Learning Curve, Snapshots, Victorian Homes, n.d., http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot14/snapshot14.htm (October 15, 2005)

factory work
Factory Work

Cotton Mill

Oxford Archaeology, Cotton Spinning, 2004, www.oxfordarch.co.uk/.../ industrial/carding.jpg (August 15, 2005)

women miners
Women Miners

Mr. Sadler’s witness statement in Lord Ashley’s Report, 1842

National Archives Learning Curve, Victorian Britain, Divided Nation, Source 3, http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/victorianbritain/divided/source3.htm (October 15, 2005)

imperialism
Imperialism

Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis and Anthony Esler, World History: Connections to Today – Teachers Edition (Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2001), 502.