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State of Texas Debt – An Overview. June 17, 2008 Texas Bond Review Board Bob Kline, Executive Director kline@brb.state.tx.us 512-463-1741 www.brb.state.tx.us. BRB vs. TPFA. Bond Review Board – Oversight Agency

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State of Texas Debt – An Overview


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    1. State of Texas Debt – An Overview June 17, 2008 Texas Bond Review Board Bob Kline, Executive Director kline@brb.state.tx.us 512-463-1741 www.brb.state.tx.us

    2. BRB vs. TPFA Bond Review Board – Oversight Agency • Approves state debt issues and lease purchases greater than $250,000 or a term longer than 5 years • Collects, analyzes and reports information on debt issued by state and local entities – on our website • Administers the state's Private Activity Bond Allocation Program Texas Public Finance Authority – Issuing Agency • Issues bonds and other forms of debt as authorized by the Legislature. • Currently - 3 universities and 24 state agencies • Administers the Master Lease Purchase Program

    3. Texas Bond Issuers • Texas Public Finance Authority (MSU, SFA, TSU & TDCJ, TPWD, DADS, DSHS, et al) • Texas Department of Transportation • Texas Water Development Board • Texas Veteran’s Land Board (General Land Office) • Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs • Texas State Affordable Housing Corp • Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board • The University of Texas System • The Texas A&M University System • Texas State Technical College System • Texas State University System • The Texas Tech University System • Texas Woman’s University • University of Houston System • The University of North Texas • Texas Agriculture Finance Authority (Dept. of Agriculture) • Office of Economic Development & Tourism Texas Bond Review Board

    4. What is a Bond? A contract between a borrower and a lender, specifying: • When the loan is due (“term” or “maturity”) Example: 20 years • What interest rate the borrower will pay Example:5% • When the payments will be made Example: Monthly, Semi-annually, annually • What revenue source will be pledged to make the payments

    5. Types of Debt Instruments • Bonds: Long term (5+ years) • Notes: Short Term (2-5 years) • Commercial Paper (less than 1 year, usually 270 days), variable interest rate

    6. Commercial Paper • Can be secured by the state’s general obligation pledge or by a specified revenue source. • Maturity ranges from 1 to 270 days. • As the paper matures, it can be paid off or reissued (“rolled over”) at a new interest rate • Variable interest rate – usually much lower than long term interest rate

    7. Fixed Rates vs. Variable Rates Revenue Bond Index vs. BMA Index

    8. Bond Issuance Process • Legislative approval and appropriation • Issuer Board approval • Bond Review Board approval • Bond sale (Negotiated, Competitive) • Bond closing – Attorney General approval • Ongoing Administration: paying debt service, federal tax law, change in use, arbitrage rebate compliance

    9. Municipal Bonds • “Tax-Exempt” - Interest is exempt from federal income taxes • Lower Interest Rate – Investors will accept a lower interest rate than the rate on taxable bonds (corporates, U.S. Treasury Bonds) because they don’t pay FIT on the interest • $1.00 (taxable interest) - $.25 (taxes) = $0.75 (tax-exempt) • Federal tax law limits issuance, investment and use of proceeds of tax-exempt bonds

    10. Swaps & Derivatives • Derivative: A financial instrument whose characteristics and value depend upon the characteristics and value of an underlying index, typically a commodity, bond, equity or currency. Examples of derivatives include interest rate swaps,futures and options. • Swap: A contract to exchange a stream of payments over time according to specified terms. The most common type is an interest rate swap, in which one party agrees to pay a fixed interest rate in return for receiving a adjustable rate from another party (pay-fixed, receive-variable).

    11. Types of Debt Used by State Issuers

    12. General Obligation (GO) Bonds • Constitutional Pledge: Legally secured by a constitutional pledge of the first monies coming into the State Treasury that are not constitutionally dedicated for another purpose. • Voter Approval: Must initially be approved by a 2/3 vote of both houses of the legislature and by a majority of the voters; after this approval debt may be issued in installments as determined by the issuing agency or institution. • General Government functions: prisons, MHMR facilities, parks

    13. Revenue Bonds • Legally secured by a specific revenue source. • Do not require voter approval. • Enterprise Activities: utilities, airports, toll roads, colleges and universities • Lease Revenue or Annual Appropriation Bonds

    14. Lease Purchases • Lease purchases are the purchase of an asset over time through lease payments that include principal and interest. • Lease purchases are typically financed through a private vendor or through one of the state’s pool programs such as TPFA’s Master Lease Purchase Program. • Examples: State prisons and office buildings have been financed using lease-purchasing from special purpose nonprofit finance corporations; equipment, vehicles, software financed through the TPFA’s Master Lease Program

    15. Tax and Revenue Anticipation Notes (TRANs) • TRANs are issued by the CPA, Treasury Operations to address the cash flow mismatch between revenues and expenditures in the general revenue fund. • TRAN debt must be repaid by the end of the biennium but is usually repaid by the end of each fiscal year. • TRAN is repaid with tax receipts and other revenues of the General Revenue fund. • TRAN is approved by the Cash Management Committee - Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Comptroller of Public Accounts (voting members) and the Speaker of the House (non-voting member)

    16. Refunding Bonds • Refinance - Issue new bonds to pay off old bonds • Lower interest rate - BRB recommends 3% • Change Bond Covenants • Change Repayment Schedule (“Restructure”) • Advance Refundings - Federal tax law prohibits more than one advance refunding • Current Refundings – multiple refundings allowed

    17. General Revenue Impact Self Supporting vs. Not Self Supporting

    18. Self Supporting • Debt that is classified as “self supporting” is designed to be repaid with revenues other than state general revenues. Self-supporting debt can be either general obligation debt or revenue debt. • Examples:GO bonds issued by Water Development Board are repaid from loans made to communities for water and wastewater projects.

    19. Not-Self Supporting • Debt that is classified as “Not-self supporting” is intended to be repaid with state general revenues. Not-self supporting debt can be either general obligation debt or revenue debt. • Examples: HEAF Bonds; Texas Water Development Board: EDAP, State Participation, and Water Conservation Bonds; TPFA GO and Revenue Bonds

    20. State Debt

    21. Constitutional Debt Limit The Texas Constitution prohibits the issuance of additional state debt if the percentage of debt service payable from general revenue in any fiscal year exceeds 5% of the average of unrestricted general revenue for the past three years. For FY 2007, this percentage was 1.45% of issued debt and 1.99%, including authorized but unissued debt. Texas Bond Review Board

    22. State Debt Outstanding Texas Bond Review Board

    23. State Debt Outstanding (con’t) Texas Bond Review Board

    24. Place holder for table 11

    25. Texas’ Debt Burden Texas Bond Review Board

    26. Texas’ Credit Ratings Rating agencies generally consider the following four factors in determining a state’s credit rating: • economy • financial condition • debt burden • general management practices Texas’ current ratings are: Moody’s Aa1 Standard and Poor’s AA Fitch AA+ Texas Bond Review Board

    27. Place Holder for Table 2 State GO Bond Rating Comparison table Texas Bond Review Board