poetry n.
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Poetry. Types and Devices. Types of Poetry. Types of Poetry. Ballads Short, narrative poem (Tells a story) Two or four lines with a refrain (resolution or summary of the poem) Epic Long narrative poem Celebrates the adventures and achievements of a hero. Types of Poetry. Free verse

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Types and Devices

types of poetry1
Types of Poetry
  • Ballads
    • Short, narrative poem (Tells a story)
    • Two or four lines with a refrain (resolution or summary of the poem)
  • Epic
    • Long narrative poem
    • Celebrates the adventures and achievements of a hero
types of poetry2
Types of Poetry
  • Free verse
    • Content is usually free of traditional rules of writing poetry (no fixed meter or rhyme scheme present)
  • Sonnet
    • A poem consisting of 14 lines with Iambic Pentameter with a specific rhyme scheme (ababcdcdefefgg)
types of poetry3
Types of Poetry
  • Haiku (or Natural Haiku)
    • Originated as a Japanese style of poetry
    • 3 unrhymed lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables
    • Usually written in present tense and focused on nature
  • Senryu (or Human Haiku)
    • Also originated as a Japanese style of poetry
    • 3 unrhymed lines of 5,7, and 5 syllables
    • Usually written in present tense but instead of focusing on nature, the senryu focuses on human nature and emotion
  • Ode
    • A poem praising a person, place, or thing
types of poetry concluded
Types of Poetry (Concluded)
  • Narrative Poetry
    • Tells a story
    • Examples: “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe

“Love Story” by Taylor Swift

  • Emotive Poetry
    • Heavy emphasis on the writer’s emotions, or trying to play upon the readers’ or listeners’ emotions
    • Examples: “My Mistress’ Eyes are Nothing Like the Sun”

by William Shakespeare

“Missing You” by P. Diddy featuring Faith Evans

“Someone Like You” by Adele

poetic devices1
Poetic Devices
  • Alliteration – the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words
    • Example: “I said a hip hop,Hippie to the hippie, The hip, hip a hop,

and you don't stop, a rock it”

(excerpt from “Rapper’s Delight” by The Sugarhill Gang)

  • Assonance
    • The repetition of vowel sounds but not consonant sounds
  • Consonance
    • The repetition of consonant sounds but not vowel sounds
    • Note: Alliteration only occurs at the beginning of neighboring words, whereas Assonance and Consonance can occur anywhere in the word
poetic devices2
Poetic Devices
  • Allusion
    • Brief reference to a person, event, or place which can be either real or made up, or to a work of art.
    • Example: “Labor day parade, rest in peace Bob Marley, Statue of Liberty, long live the World Trade, Long live the king yo,”

(excerpt from “Empire State of Mind” by Jay-Z)

  • Oxymoron
    • Two contradictory words together
    • Examples: Jumbo Shrimp, Icy Hot
poetic devices3
Poetic Devices
  • Connotation
    • When you get the meaning of a word from what was read before and after the word.
    • Sometimes the connotation of a word can be affected by what was written around it.
  • Denotation
    • The literal meaning of a word; the dictionary meaning.
poetic devices4
Poetic Devices
  • Hyperbole
    • An exaggeration or overstatement
    • Example: I must’ve spent about a million dollars to get my car repaired.
  • Understatement
    • a belittlement (making light of something)
    • Example: (While standing out in a snowstorm) Gosh! It’s a bit chilly today, isn’t it?
poetic devices5
Poetic Devices
  • Metaphor and Simile
    • Metaphor – comparison of two unlike things
    • Simile – comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as”
    • Examples: “On a stormy sea of moving emotion (Metaphor) Tossed about I'm like a ship on the ocean (Simile)”

(excerpt from “Carry On Wayward Son” by Kansas)

poetic devices6
Poetic Devices
  • Imagery
    • Language that evokes one or all of the five senses
    • Example: The red apple was crisp and sweet.
  • Onomatopoeia
    • A word that imitates the sound it represents
    • Examples: Bang! Boom! Zap! Splat!
poetic devices7
Poetic Devices
  • Meter
    • Rhythm established by a poem.
    • Dependent on the number of syllables in a line as well as the way those syllables are accented. (stressed or unstressed)
  • Rhythm
    • In poetry, it is a recognizable pulse which gives a distinct beat to a line and also gives it shape.
poetic devices8
Poetic Devices
  • Rhyme Scheme
    • The way in which the words which rhyme at the end of lines in a poem are organized.
    • Examples: (aabb, abab, ababcdcd)
  • Internal Rhyme
    • When two words on the same line rhyme with each other
    • Example: “Ah, distinctly I remember, it was in the bleak December”

(excerpt from “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe)

poetic devices9
Poetic Devices
  • Personification
    • To give human qualities to animals or objects
    • Example: My car decided to stall yesterday.
  • Mood
    • The emotional attitude the writer takes towards the subject
    • Examples: Sarcastic, Happy, Humorous, Sad, etc.