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Synoptic Summary - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Synoptic Summary

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  1. Synoptic Summary 1. Overall theme of Kingdom of Heaven (God) Jewish eschatology vs. Jesus’ view Kingdom was a reign more than a realm a power more than a place English word “dominion” may be more appropriate

  2. Synoptic Summary 2. Centrality of Old Testament Shapes the Evangelists understanding of Jesus’ person & mission Shapes Jesus’ self-understanding (How did Jesus know who he was?) Shapes our reading & application of OT Jesus as OT interpreter par excellence

  3. Synoptic Summary 3. Death of Jesus Early Hints (Mark 2:20, 3:6, 3:19) Turning Point (Caesarea Philippi) Three Passion Predictions (Mark 8:31, 9:31, 10:33-34 & par.) Jesus “sets his face” to Jerusalem (Luke 9:51)

  4. Synoptic Summary • 3. Death of Jesus • Ransom saying • For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom (lu,tron) for many (avnti. pollw/n). Mark 10:45

  5. Synoptic Summary • 3. Death of Jesus • Lord’s Supper • This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many (u`pe.r pollw/n) Mark 14:24 • This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. Matt 26:28 • This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you. Luke 22:20

  6. Synoptic Summary • 3. Death of Jesus • Atonement in Gospels & NT • Borrowed from 5 spheres of Life in Greco-Roman world • 1. Law Court (Justification) • 2. Marketplace (Redemption) • 3. Personal Relationships (Reconciliation) • 4. Worship (Sacrifice) • 5. Battleground (Triumph over evil)

  7. Synoptic Summary • 3. Death of Jesus • Why the variety of images? • 1. Language of atonement is metaphorical • 2. Language of atonement is pastoral • 3. Language of atonement is cross-cultural

  8. Synoptic Summary • 3. Death of Jesus • What do we emphasize today? • 1. Lost-ness; Humanity can not save itself • 2. Love; Display of God’s covenant love • 3. Response; Reflect the life of the savior

  9. Synoptic Summary • 4. Resurrection of Jesus • Mark’s Foreshadowing • He is going ahead of you into Galilee. There you will see him, just as he told you. • Matthew’s Vindication Authority Great Commission • Luke’s Exhalation • While he was blessing them, he left them and was taken up into heaven. Then they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy.

  10. Synoptic Summary • 5. Christological Titles of Jesus • Son of Man • Son of God • Lord • Messiah