Emerging Europe and the Byzantine Empire. Chapter 5 First – read pages 18-19 in your textbook Next - Use the map on the next slide to visualize and analyze the importance of the Roman Empire and its location . Transforming the Roman World.
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First – read pages 18-19 in your textbook
Next - Use the map on the next slide to visualize and analyze the importance of the Roman Empire and its location.
Roman influence grew weak especially in places like Britain where Roman armies had abandoned
Germanic customs became common, no longer German or Roman but a new society all together
Over time, one bishop—the bishop of Rome—began to claim that he led what was now called the Roman Catholic Church
Western Christians accepted the pope as the head of the church, but didn’t agree on how much power he should have
The Frankish kingdom came under the power of Charles the Great, or Charlemagne
In 476, after being refused lands in Italy, Orestes' Germanic mercenaries under the leadership of the chieftain Odoacer captured and executed Orestes and took Ravenna, the Western Roman capital at the time, deposing Romulus Augustus. The whole of Italy was quickly conquered, and Odoacer was granted the title of patrician by Zeno, effectively recognizing his rule in the name of the Eastern Empire. Odoacer returned the Imperial insignia to Constantinople and ruled as King in Italy
In The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776–88), Edward Gibbon famously placed the blame on a loss of civic virtue among the Roman citizens. They gradually entrusted the role of defending the Empire to barbarianmercenaries who eventually turned on them. Gibbon held that Christianity contributed to this shift by making the populace less interested in the worldly here-and-now because it was willing to wait for the rewards of heaven.
This "Germanization" and the resultant cultural dilution or "barbarization" led not only to a decline in the standard of drill and overall military preparedness within the Empire, but also to a decline of loyalty to the Roman government in favor of loyalty to commanders.