Chapter 5 Notes. CONGRESS. Hawksworth-2012. Congress. The United States Congress is a Bicameral legislature-it is made up of two houses : Senate http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xj4aMGlf6bA House of Representatives http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P6LWHFVzjKY Main function: make laws
What is the difference between a term of Congress and a session of Congress?
For the test: Make sure you know the Republicans now control the HR and the Democrats still control the Senate. (You don’t need to know the numbers, just who has the majority.)
Know this for the test : **The House was granted its own exclusive powers: the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach officials, and elect the president in electoral college deadlocks**The House meets in the south wing of the United States Capitol.
Rep. Nancy Pelosi was the former Speaker of the House. She is a Democrat.
What is a quorum? A quorum in the House of Representatives is when a majority of the Members are present. When there are no vacancies in the membership, a quorum is 218. When one or more seats are vacant, because of deaths or resignations, the quorum is reduced accordingly. Because of Members' other duties, a quorum often is not present on the House floor. But any Member may insist that a quorum must participate in any vote that takes place in the House. If a member makes a point of order that a quorum is not present, and the Speaker agrees, a series of bells ring on the House side of the Capitol and in the House office buildings to alert Members to come to the Chamber and record their presence.
Are there time limitations on debate on the House floor? In the House, a matter may undergo one hour of debate, usually equally divided between the majority and the minority without unanimous consent. Moreover, the majority can call for the "previous question," and bring the pending matter to an immediate vote. Non-legislative debate is limited to one-minute per Member at the beginning of the day and up to one hour per Member at the end of the day. In the Committee of the Whole, the period of time spent in general debate is determined and apportioned in advance. Amendments are subject to the five-minute per side rule, but can extend beyond 10 minutes of debate per amendment. A non-debatable motion to close debate is in order to end debate on any specific amendment and bring it to a vote.
When does a bill become "dead" or no longer open to consideration?
A bill may be introduced at any point during a two-year Congress. It will remain eligible for consideration throughout the duration of that Congress until the Congress ends or adjourns sine die.
I'm just a bill,Yes, I'm only a bill,And I'm sitting here on Capitol Hill.Well, it's a long, long journeyTo the capital city,It's a long, long waitWhile I'm sitting in committee, *most bills die here*But I know I'll be a law someday...At least I hope and pray that I will,But today I'm still just a bill - Schoolhouse Rock
Filibuster means they are allowed to speak for as long as they like on the Senate Chamber floor as long as they stay standing in the Senate Chamber.
The longest filibuster in Texas was in 1977 by a state Senator who talked for 44 hours! That's almost two days of non-stop talking. (Senate Kids)
Here are three reasons why a Senator may filibuster.