Temperate Deciduous Forest • Location- North America, Europe, Asia • Climate- warm summers, cool winters • Temperature -3 to 18 0C. • Precipitation- between 75 cm to 150 cm (30 to 56 inches) annually
Has four (4) seasons: Winter, Spring, Summer, and Fall. • Animals and plants are adapted to cope with seasonal changes. Ex: some hibernate • Soil is very fertile Animals: worms, snakes, squirrels, rabbits, frogs, salamanders, raccoons, deer, bear, insects, coyotes, chipmunks, flying squirrels, hawks, owls, songbirds etc. Plants: Deciduous Trees- meaning They lose their leaves In winter (Oak, Maple, Hickory, Beech), Spring flowering Herbs and other plants.
Animals Eastern chipmunk American black bear coyote White-tailed deer
Plants Shagbark Hickory White birch White oak American beech
Savanna/Grasslands Location- North America, Australia, Asia, South America, Africa Climate- warm summers, cold winters (Savannas do not have cold winters which is near the equator) Average Annual Temperature - -16 0C to 34 0C Average Annual Precipitation- 25-75 cm Made up of prairies or plains & dominated by grasses
big open spaces • not many bushes • Trees are found only by rivers and streams • an endless ocean of grass.
Animals Animals include: gophers, rabbits, giraffes, gazelles, buffalo, antelope and various species of birds. Zebra Bison Elk Lion
Plants Wild Grass Manketti Tree Elephant Grass Acacia Tree Plants include: grasses, wheat, and corn.
Did you know? • Savannas go by several names depending on its location (Savanna- Africa, Prairie- N. America, Pampas- S. America, Steppe- Asia, or more generally to cover all – Grasslands) • Grasslands cover 14 million square miles of the earth • There are 2 types of grasslands: temperate and tropical
Temperature averages 250C, warm all year. Precipitation averages 200-600 cm per year (that’s 78 – 236 inches!! ) Tropical Rainforest Contains four zones – forest floor, understory, canopy, and emergents Location: in South America, Central America, C. Asia, Australia, And Africa on or near the equator. The most biologically diverse biome on Earth.
Layers of a Rainforest EMERGENT CANOPY UNDERSTORY FOREST FLOOR
Tropical Rainforest Animals Silvery Gibbon Vampire Bat Sloth Most diverse in the world Animals include: beetles, spiders, snakes, Bats, squirrels, monkeys, tree frogs, and sloths.
Tropical Plants Durian Tree Most diverse in the world. Mangrove Tree Jambu Rose Plants include: banyan trees, wild figs, Mahogany trees (form canopy) and Bromeliads.
Did You Also Know? • The rainforest is home to two-thirds of all the living animal and plant species on the planet • Has no seasons • Has very poor soil due to leeching from so much rain
Did you know…? there are two types of Rainforest -- the temperate and the tropical? Tropical rainforests are found close to the equator. Temperate rainforests are found along coasts in the temperate zone, such as the Pacific Northwest of the USA. Both are endangered! Tropical rainforests are warm and moist; while temperate rainforests are cool. It rains a lot in the temperate rainforest -- about 100 inches per year.