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FIELD HOCKEY THE GAME. Believe it or not this started as a men’s game. HOW FAR HAVE WE COME!!!. *A similar game was played as far back as 4,000 years ago in Egypt *The first Olympic Hockey competition for men was held in 1908 and for women in 1980

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how far have we come
HOW FAR HAVE WE COME!!!

*A similar game was played as far back as 4,000 years ago in Egypt

*The first Olympic Hockey competition for men was held in 1908 and for women in 1980

*In 1927 the International Federation of Women’s Hockey Association was formed and the USA was one of the founding countries in the association and today it is part of the International Hockey Federation (FIH)

slide4

Look at us now!!!

This sport takes a tremendous amount

of athletic ability

slide5
HOT, COLD, WIND, SNOW, RAIN WE PLAY THE GAME!!!ABOUT THE ONLY THINGS THAT STOP US ARE DARKNESS IF LIGHTS AREN’T AVAILABLE, AND LIGHTNING
the game basics
THE GAME BASICS
  • Two halves 30 minutes each with a 5 minute half time (different for middle school, college)
  • 11 players per side, 10 on the field and a goalie
  • The ball must be passed or dribbled down the field with the flat side of the stick
  • A goal is scored when an attacker strikes the ball into the goal from within the striking circle
you missed a call
YOU MISSED A CALL!!!
  • Not necessarily!!! We deliberately do not call some infractions and believe it or not we are human so we may not have seen it from our angle which may be different from you as a spectator
  • We tend to hold for fouls that are less serious especially for those in which the offending player did not gain advantage
  • THIS IS NOT A BLACK AND WHITE SPORT WHEN MAKING CALLS!!! WE LOOK AT HOW THE FOUL AFFECTED THE PLAY!
fouls safety first
FOULS-SAFETY FIRST!!
  • OBSTRUCTION
    • A player may not obstruct an opponent from attempting to play the ball by:
      • Shielding the ball with their stick or any part of their body so opponent can not make an attempt to play the ball
      • Physically interfering with the stick or body of the opponent
      • A third player takes a position between an opponent and the ball so her teammate has an opportunity to play the ball (a “pick” for those who play basketball)
slide11

BODY OBSTRUCTION

STICK OBSTRUCTION

(Don’t come in from

Behind with stick)

but the ball hit her body foot
But the Ball hit her body/foot…!
  • BALL HITTING BODY
    • IT IS NOT AUTOMATICALLY AN OFFENSE!!! It’s an offense if:
      • The player moved intentionally into the path of the ball
      • The player made no effort to avoid being hit
      • The player positioned themselves with the clear intention of stopping the ball with their foot or body
      • The player gains benefit from the ball hitting them
    • IF THE BALL HITS A FOOT AND NO OPPOSING PLAYER WAS WITHIN PLAYABLE DISTANCE IT MAY NOT BE CALLED
slide13

BALL OUTSIDE THE PITCH

    • Over the side-line: Last player to touch before ball goes over line losses possession; ball placed on line where went out for a free hit by other team
    • Over the back-line (goal end)
      • If last touched by an attacker ball goes to defense as self start up to 16yds from end line; parallel to where ball went out
      • If last touched by an defender:
        • Unintentional: Long hit is awarded
        • Intentional: Penalty corner awarded to attacking team
slide14

RAISED BALLS

    • The ball may not be raised intentionally directly from a drive or if unintentional if it posses a danger to any other players
  • THE ANGLE OF VISION/PERSPECTIVE MAY BE DIFFERENT FOR THE UMPIRE AND SPECTATORS. WHAT MAY LOOK DANGEROUS TO A SPECTATOR MAY NOT HAVE BEEN DANGEROUS TO THE PLAYERS ON THE FIELD
slide15

HIGH STICK

    • If a player swings the stick above waist level and this action posses a danger to another player possession of the ball goes to the other team at the point on the field where the infraction occurred
other possible fouls
OTHER POSSIBLE FOULS

INTENTIONAL BODY CONTACT

YOU CAN’T BE A BULLY!!!

YOU CAN’T PLAY THE BALL IF

YOU ARE ON THE GROUND AND

IT COULD LEAD TO DANGEROUS PLAY

some more fouls
SOME MORE FOULS

THE POSITION OF THE STICK IS DANGEROUS

AND THE PLAYER DOESN’T APPEAR TO BE

MAKING A PLAY ON THE BALL

INTENTIONAL ELBOW

self start
SELF-START
  • WHAT A WONDERFUL NEW RULE!!!!
    • Really keeps the game moving
    • Some things to remember:
      • If the self-start is taking place within the 25 yd area the player may not hit directly into the circle; they must move the ball at least 5 yds before doing so.
      • Defenders must be at least 5yds away before making a play on an attacker taking self-start
      • If self-start is with the 25 yd area ALL players must be 5 yds away
penalty corners
PENALTY CORNERS
  • Called when:
    • A defender commits an offense inside the circle
    • A defender intentionally hits the ball over the back-line
    • A defender commits a serious foul within the 25 yd area
  • Positions:
    • Defenders behind endline- 4 plus the goalie
    • Attack outside the circle
  • When the ball is inserted it must leave the circle before a goal can be scored
slide20

Insertion positioning

(At least one foot must be

outside of the end line)

Defense and offense

positioning

penalty stroke
PENALTY STROKE
  • Awarded when a goal probably would have been scored, if a foul by the defending team had not occurred in the circle
  • Any deliberate foul by defender inside the circle which stops a potential goal or deprives an attacker of actual or likely possession of the ball
  • Any single flagrant foul by defense
  • The goalie makes a play on the player and not the ball
scoring a goal
SCORING A GOAL
  • The entire ball must completely cross the goal line within the goal cage.
  • Any type of shot may be taken by the offense as long as it is not dangerous to surrounding players
slide23
MISCONDUCTAny player or team action which an official deems to be unsportsmanlike including but not limited to the following:
  • Rough or dangerous play
  • Using abusive, insulting or foul language
  • Taunting or baiting
  • Intimidating actions or words
  • Unnecessary delay of game
  • Entry/reentry of an ineligible player
  • Goalkeeper playing outside her half of the field except for taking a penalty stroke
  • Use of any tobacco product
  • Deliberately removing required equipment or wearing/using illegal equipment
bad girls bad girls what you gonna do those lovely green yellow and red cards
BAD GIRLS, BAD GIRLS WHAT YOU GONNA DO!!!(Those lovely green, yellow and red cards)
  • GREEN CARD
    • First offense as a warning and recorded in scorebook, with a 2 minute suspension. Offending team plays down during the 2 minute suspension.
  • YELLOW CARD
    • The offender is removed from the game for anywhere between 5-10 minutes and her team plays a man down during that time
    • Second offense by the same player or first offense involving rough and dangerous play, a deliberate foul, or other misconduct
  • RED CARD
    • Third offense by the same player (may also be a second yellow at umpire’s discretion) or a flagrant foul is committed
    • If a red card has been issued the player is removed for the remainder of the game and her team must play short a player for the rest of the game and if it was a first violation the opposing team shall be awarded a penalty stroke
more on cards
MORE ON CARDS
  • When a player commits the same misconduct foul for which her teammate has already been carded, she may be issued the next upgraded card
  • Coaches may also receive cards for their behavior
  • Spectators can be asked to leave the field and if it persists the game can be suspended
    • We can’t card you but we can make you go away!!
slide27

PENALTY CORNER

FOOT CALL

COMING OUT

slide29

1

2

3

slide30

1

HAVE FUN!!!