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THEODORE ROOSEVELT Square Deal. Woodrow Wilson New Freedom. F RANKLIN D . R OOSEVELT NEW DEAL. Program to deal with the G REAT D EPRESSION Relief for Needy Recovery of Economy Reform - financial. “We have nothing to fear BUT FEAR ITSELF!” FDR

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THEODORE ROOSEVELT Square Deal


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f ranklin d r oosevelt new deal
FRANKLIND. ROOSEVELTNEW DEAL
  • Program to deal with the GREATDEPRESSION
  • Relief for Needy
  • Recovery of Economy
  • Reform - financial
slide4
“We have

nothing to

fear

BUT

FEAR ITSELF!”

FDR

1st Inaugural

Address

1933

slide5
“December 7,

1941

-- a day that will

live

in infamy….

FDR calls for a declaration of war

j ohn f k ennedy new frontier
JOHN F. KENNEDYNew Frontier

   “We stand at the edge of a

New Frontier – the frontier of unfulfilled hopes

and dreams……..”

  • nomination speech, 1960
slide10
JFK
  • ask not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country! 
  • Inaugural Speech
  • January 1961
slide11
Let the word

go forth…..

That the torch

has been passed

to a New

Generation of

Americans….

lyndon b johnson lbj the great society
Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ)The Great Society
  • “The Great Society…. demands an end to poverty and racial injustice….”
    • LBJ

* Did more for Civil Rights than previous presidents

2 weimar republic
#2 Weimar Republic
  • Multi-party system
  • Nazis won a plurality of votes
  • BUT not a majority
  • NAZI party was more unified than others
3 kristallnacht night of the crystal
#3 Kristallnacht“Night of the Crystal”
  • First organized attack on Jews
  • November 9 – 10, 1938
5 anschluss
#5 Anschluss
  • Hitler: born in Austria; Union make him German
6 sudetenland
#6 Sudetenland
  • Region included

German-speaking

population

  • Munich Pact gives

Germany the region

in Sept 1938

  • By March Germany takes over all of Czechoslovakia
7 munich conference 1938
#7 Munich Conference 1938
  • Associated with Appeasement
  • French and British leaders “gave” Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland to Hitler
  • Hoped to achieve peace by appeasing an aggressor like Hitler
7 neville chamberlain
#7 Neville Chamberlain
  • British leader associated with appeasement
  • Tried to appease Hitler
  • Allowed Germany to take

Sudetenland from

Czechoslovakia

peace in our time
“Peace in our time”
  • “Herr Hitler is reasonable….
  • “His word can be trusted
8 blitzkrieg lightning warfare
# 8. Blitzkrieg - “Lightning Warfare”
  • Used to invade & conquer POLAND 1939 – starts WWII

Carried

out by

Panzer

or

German

Tank

Divisions

start of world war ii sept 1939
START OF WORLD WAR II – Sept. 1939
  • Invasion of Poland by Germany
  • Blitzkrieg:

“Lightning Warfare”

  • Took only ONE month
10 fascism
#10 Fascism
  • System of govt. that places the well-being of the country as a wholeABOVE the welfare of individuals
slide24
When fasces

were good!

12 i solationism
12. ISOLATIONISM
  • U.S. policy – remained out of war until 12-8-41
shintoism the way of the gods
Shintoism“the way of the gods”
  • Worship of ancestors
  • Taught that Japan is a nation of gods
  • Therefore, Japanese superior to all other nations
14 imperialism
14. Imperialism
  • Desire to acquire or build a territorial or economic empire
15 major nazi leader
A. Heinrich

Himmler

Head of the Gestapo, Nazi Secret Police

Also head of the

SSor schutzstaffel [Nazi Elite Guard]

15. MAJORNAZILEADER
slide33
19. Since 1923, Hitler had outlined his plans for

Germany in his book Mein Kampf

  • Which means “my struggle”
churchill on raf
Churchill on RAF
  • “Never have so many owed so much to so few”
winston churchill
Winston Churchill
  • Radio Address
  • “We shall defend our island whatever the costmay be … we shall fight on beaches, landing grounds, in fields, in streets and on the hills.
  • We shall never surrender…”
21 der fuhrer
#21 derFuhrer
  • LEADER = Adolph Hitler
  • Called derFührer

(The leader)

22 gestapo
#22 Gestapo
  • NAZI
  • Secret Police
slide41
23. Red Purge or Great Purge
  • 24. Aggressor
  • 25. Totalitarian
  • 26. Propaganda
  • 27. Appeasement
28 winston churchill
#28 Winston Churchill
  • Replaced Chamberlain as
  • British Prime Minister
  • Inspirational
  • Led Britain through low tide of war
29 neville chamberlain
#29 Neville Chamberlain
  • British leader associated with appeasement
  • Tried to appease Hitler
  • Allowed Germany to take

Sudetenland from

Czechoslovakia

munich conference 1938
Munich Conference 1938
  • Associated with Appeasement
  • French and British leaders “gave” Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland to Hitler
  • Hoped to achieve peace by appeasing an aggressor like Hitler
slide47
32
  • FDR –1941
  • Harry S. Truman - 1945
33 n uremberg l aws
#33 NUREMBERG LAWS
  • Stripped Jews of

German citizenship

  • Severely restricted social

interaction with non-Aryans

> Marriage

> Pre-marital relations

> Schools

> Public facilities

35 mussolini s fascist beliefs
#35 Mussolini’s Fascist Beliefs
  • Anti-Democratic
  • Anti-Communist
  • Favored Dictatorship
  • Favored Militarism
  • Strongly Nationalistic
34 36 rise of fascism in italy
#34 & #36 Rise of Fascism in Italy
  • a. 1922 – Benito Mussoliniseizes power after intimidating king

with “MARCH on ROME”

  • b. Mussolini’s

armed supporters are known

as the BLACK SHIRTS

c. With their assistance, Italy

becomes totalitarian

dictatorship

39 42 r hineland
#39 & #42 RHINELAND
  • Rhineland – section of Germany that borders

France, Belgium, Luxembourg

  • Hitler re-militarized the Rhineland in 1936
  • Sent 32,000 soldiers into the Rhineland
  • France and Britain did nothing to prevent this move
38 nazis
#38 NAZIs
  • Used democratic govt. of the

Weimar Republic to come to power

  • Elected by less than a majority
  • Won most votes in a multi-party system
43 spanish civil war 1936 1939
#43 Spanish Civil War 1936-1939
  • Nationalists (Fascists) led by FRANCO
  • VS.
  • Loyalists (Republicans)
47 manchuria invasion 1931
#47 Manchuria invasion 1931
  • Area of China that Japanese invaded in 1931
  • Ten years before Pearl Harbor attack
  • Brutal treatment of Chinese
arsenal of democracy
“Arsenal of Democracy”
  • Term coined by FDR
  • Used in a “Fireside Chat” radio address –

December 29, 1940

  • Encouraged country to arm & support the Allies
52 lend lease act 1941
#52 Lend – Lease Act 1941
  • “Loophole” to isolationist policy
  • USA would lend or lease arms to Allies or “any nation whose defense was vital to USA
  • Eventually $50 Billion to Britain & USSR
53 atlantic charter
#53Atlantic Charter
  • August 14, 1941
  • Outlined the principles for fighting a war with Axis powers
  • Provided “blue print” for post-war international law
56 factors stalingrad
#56 FACTORS - STALINGRAD
  • Brutal Russian Winter
  • “Scorched Earth” policy of retreat – stretched out German supply lines
60 battle of midway island
60. BATTLE OF MIDWAY ISLAND
  • June 4-7, 1942
  • 6 mos. After “Pearl”
  • Turning pt. in Pacific
  • U.S. Victory
  • U.S. (Allies) go on the offensive afterwards
  • Fought entirely from aircraft carriers
61 truman s bomb decision
61. Truman’s Bomb Decision:
  • Wanted quick end to war
  • Wanted to minimize American lives lost
  • Japanese = “no surrender” military culture
  • Land invasion of Japan would cost U.S. much blood
  • Hiroshima – August 6, 1945
62 gi bill of rights
62. GI Bill of RIGHTS
  • Money for returning vets
  • ‘Free’ college education or tech education

(if qualified)

  • Home or farm loans
  • Led to “Baby Boom” in post-war era
baby boom c 1945 1965
BABY BOOM: c. 1945 - 1965
  • 78.2 million births
  • 1957 = peak
  • 1 infant every 7 sec
63 fdr japanese internment order 9066
63. FDR: Japanese InternmentOrder 9066
  • Reasons given:
    • Safety decision: protection from strong anti-Japanese reaction by American public
    • Although unproven or unfounded: Fear of Japanese spies in USA
64 b attle of the b ulge winter 44 45 b astogne b elgium
64. BATTLE OF THE BULGEWINTER ‘44 – ‘45 BASTOGNE, BELGIUM
  • Ardennes Forest
  • Centered Around

BASTOGNE – town in Belgium

  • German attempt to break Allied Lines
  • Ultimately unsuccessful
65 yalta significance
65. YALTA - Significance
  • February 1945
  • WWII war-time Conference
  • “Big Three” – FDR, Churchill, and Stalin
  • Decide the future of the post-war world, esp. Europe
  • “Seeds” for Cold War
  • Stalin gets control of Eastern Europe as “Buffer Zone”
66 the cold war
66. The Cold War
  • 45 year rivalry between USA and USSR for global influence
  • 1945-1990
67 satellite
67. Satellite
  • During the Cold War

Poland

GDR (E. Germany)

Czechoslovakia

Bulgaria

Romania (to a degree)

DOMINATED by USSR

68 containment policy
68. Containment Policy
  • American policy to block the Soviet spread of communism throughout the world
69 truman doctrine
69. Truman Doctrine
  • US foreign policy
  • Containment
  • Originally for Greece & Turkey
  • Provided aid to “free peoples” resisting communist takeovers by “armed minorities”
70 marshall plan
70. Marshall Plan
  • $12-17 Billion provided to W.Europe by USA after WWII
  • Help to rebuild Europe
  • Logic: Desperate Europe might face communist takeover
  • “Cold War” move made to prevent Soviet communism from spreading to Western Europe

George C. Marshall

Secretary of State

71 nato
71. NATO
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Military alliance btw.

US and W. Europe

* Formed to prevent Soviet communist invasion

  • An attack on one = attack on all

NATO = BLUE NATIONS

72 warsaw pact
72. WARSAW PACT
  • Soviet response to NATO
  • Claimed to be a ‘voluntary’ alliance

WARSAW PACT = RED

73 the u 2 incident
73. THE U-2 INCIDENT
  • May 1, 1960
  • U-2 spy plane shot down over USSR
  • Pilot Gary Francis Powers captured
  • Put on trial
  • Huge propaganda show for USSR
james dean
JamesDean
  • #50
  • 2nd

Study

Guide

on the road jack kerouac
On the Road - Jack Kerouac
  • “Sal, we gotta go and never stop goin’ till we get there.” Jack Kerouac – “Beat Writer”
30 senator joe mccarthy
#30 Senator Joe McCarthy
  • Claimed to have a list of known communists that are secretly part of the US govt.
  • Ruined people’s lives