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Decentralisation. Experiences from Haryana. Haryana Profile Population : 2.1crores Districts: 20 Blocks: 116 . Haryana. Background. Health Sector Reforms: Need of the day WHY? Rising cost in health care Rising expectations of community

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Presentation Transcript

Experiences from Haryana


Haryana Profile

Population : 2.1crores

Districts: 20

Blocks: 116



Health Sector Reforms: Need of the day


  • Rising cost in health care
  • Rising expectations of community
  • Limited capacity to meet out of pocket expense.
decentralisation why reform agenda
Decentralisation Why Reform Agenda?
  • Increased local ownership
  • Improved community participation and responsiveness to local needs
  • Strengthening integration of services at local levels
  • Enhancing the streamlining of services
  • Promoting innovation and experimentation

Defined as the transfer of authority and responsibility for public functions from the Central Government to:

  • peripheral departments within the same agency,
  • intermediate and local government,
  • quasi-independent government organizations.

Depending on the types and scope of functions transferred, as well as the level or agency to which the functions are transferred, different political, fiscal and

administrative arrangements developed.

Decentralization and delegation of powers depend upon the political will.

decentralisation haryana structural changes
Decentralisation- HaryanaStructural changes

Constitution of

  • SCOVA – 1997
  • merged societies and Swasthya Kalyan Samities in 3 pilot districts- initiative under SIP: 2001-2002
  • merged Society at State and in all the districts of State: 2004
  • SKS in all the health institutions (PHC and above) 2004

Delegation of powers financial and administrative- 1997

Reviewed, revised and implemented – 2005

Explains the time required

  • State Health Society
  • District Health and Family Welfare Societies (DHFWS).
  • Swasthya Kalyan Samities (SKS).
  • Program Committees
  • SubCommittees
financial arrangements
Financial Arrangements
  • Transfer of program funds to DHFWS & SKS.
  • Retention and utilization of user fees at institutions.
  • Delegation of powers circulated.
  • Financial management manual introduced
administrative arrangements
Administrative Arrangements
  • Regular Governing Council meetings.
  • Regular Executive Council meetings.
  • Meetings of SKS and subcommittees as per need.
  • Administrative manual- yet to be introduced
resource generation at districts
Resource generation at Districts
  • Grant -in –Aid
  • User fee
  • Accepting donations
  • Leasing out of vacant land

BPL families, freedom fighters and Govt. employees exempted

Services under national health program - free

  • Management of Sub centers to PRIs - 3 pilot SIP districts
  • Referral transport - RCH I.
  • Capacity building of PRI members -3 pilot SIPdistricts.
  • Untied funds under NRHM with ANM and PRI members for sub centre improvement.
experiences user fee
Experiences – User Fee
  • G.O issued on retaining and utilising user fee at SKS.
  • Very positive for infrastructural development- mostly at district hospital.
  • Some Districts pool funds and redistribute.
  • Some institutions yet to take up SKS meetings for execution of decisions
  • Some districts do not recognise the delegation of powers to PHCs and CHCs
lessons learnt
Lessons Learnt
  • Decentralization itself does not always improve the efficiency, equity and effectiveness of the health sector.
  • Need to be careful as this poses a serious threat to accessibility and delivery of reproductive health services, some of which (e.g. family planning) are controversial and thus susceptible to local pressures, and others of which (e.g. emergency obstetric care) require a functioning and effective health system.
  • Need to take account of the impact of non-health factors as well as other reforms that interact with decentralization to affect accessibility, affordability and quality of services, included for reproductive health.
experience also demonstrates
Experience also demonstrates….
  • Shared authority between the centre and local units - to achieve national health objectives and respond to local health needs.
  • Adjustments to be made during implementation to correct for both emerging and pre-existing problems and requirements.
  • Not easy to break the status quo as it always shifts the power relations without providing understanding on attached roles and responsibilities.
  • Understanding that rights and duties are the two sides of the same coin, one from the other does not mean anything- may help and facilitate the process.
  • simultaneously build the capacities of health personnel in team work, value orientation and rights based approach.
  • capacity to delegate and use powers need to be built at all levels.
unfinished agenda
Unfinished Agenda
  • Physical merger of societies and formation of Management and Monitoring cell.
  • Capacity building of senior officers at Health directorate and of 17 districts .
  • Capacity Building of PRIs.
  • Financial Merger of program committees – based on experiences from other states.
  • Institutionalising administrative rules.