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Metadata Tools and Methods. Chris Nelson Metanet Conference 2 April 2001. Agenda. UML CWM OMG/MDA Registries and Repositories. Unified Modeling Language - UML. The UML is a graphical language created for specifying visualizing constructing documenting

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metadata tools and methods

Metadata Tools and Methods

Chris Nelson

Metanet Conference 2 April 2001

agenda
Agenda
  • UML
  • CWM
  • OMG/MDA
  • Registries and Repositories
unified modeling language uml
Unified Modeling Language - UML
  • The UML is a graphical language created for
      • specifying
      • visualizing
      • constructing
      • documenting
  • the artifacts of software systems.
  • It is based on the object-oriented paradigms (encapsulation,inheritance,polymorphism, instantiation)
  • A large “toolbox”:
      • Use Cases, Different views, Class diagrams, Interaction Diagrams, State Machines, etc.
uml goals
UML Goals
  • Define an easy-to-learn, but semantically rich visual modeling language.
  • Unify the Booch, OMT, and Objectory modeling languages.
  • Include ideas from other modeling languages.
  • Incorporate industry best practices.
  • Address contemporary software development issues
    • scale, distribution, concurrency, executability, etc.
  • Provide flexibility for applying different processes.
  • Enable model interchange and define repository interfaces (XMI).
  • Communicate knowledge: requester <-> developer.
why meta model
Why (Meta)Model?
  • Understand and describe the problem domain
  • Help others understand the problem domain by using the same language
  • Define a vocabulary for the elements in the problem domain
  • Manage complexity by raising the level of abstraction at which we think and design
  • Civil, Mechanical and hardware engineers have been adept at this for much longer than us
  • Metamodels are used in the domain of modeling middleware and type systems (UML, IDL, CWM…)
role of uml mof xmi
Role of UML, MOF, XMI
  • Understand, analyze and design software using UML
  • Design and integrate tools, middleware and applications in a flexible manner using MOF
    • Across previous islands of information
  • Interchange metadata and objects using XML across platforms in a loosely coupled manner (XMI)
  • Interchange metadata and objects using IDL across platforms across languages (MOF2IDL, JMI…)
  • A unifying model driven architecture
slide7
CWM
  • Why do we need CWM?
  • What is CWM?
  • How can it be used by NSI’s?
metadata management and integration
Metadata management and integration
  • is the number one integration problem in data warehousing and business intelligence:
      • Data warehousing and business intelligence often involve the use of a variety of tools, each with its own definition and format for metadata.
      • Creating, sharing and managing the metadata for these tools is time consuming and error prone.
common warehouse metamodel cwm
Common Warehouse Metamodel CWM
  • Scope
    • Data Warehouse lifecycle metadata management
  • Contributors: IBM, Unisys, NCR, Hyperion, Oracle, Genesis, UBS, Dimension EDI...
    • Metamodel
    • Generated XML DTDs
    • Generated MOF - IDL mappings
    • Generated XML document
  • Adopted by OMG in June 2000 (Oslo)
  • CWM Interoperability showcase in Dec 2000
what is cwm
What is CWM?
  • A Model-based architecture for Data Warehouse interchange.
  • A common specification that defines, in UML, the structure and semantics of the metadata in data warehousing and business intelligence.
  • A common specification that defines, in XML, the interchange format and, in IDL, the access API of such shared metadata.
the cwm metamodel
The CWM Metamodel

Warehouse

Process

Warehouse

Operation

Management

Transformation

OLAP

Data

Mining

Information

Visualization

Business

Nomenclature

Analysis

Object

(UML)

Relational

Record

Multi

Dimensional

XML

Resource

Business

Information

Data

Types

Expressions

Keys

Index

Type

Mapping

Software

Deployment

Foundation

UML 1.3

(Foundation, Behavioral_Elements, Model_Management)

why uml interchange
Why UML interchange?
  • Why not XML DTD or XML Schema?
    • XML DTD
      • Primitive data model: no inheritance, no operations, no associations, no constraints
      • Only string data types
    • XML Schema
      • Same primitive data model as above
      • Richer data types
  • UML
    • Rich object-oriented model with associations and constraints
    • Extensible data types: CORBA (MOF), etc.
model driven architecture
Model Driven Architecture
  • OMG initiative
    • The Problem We Face: Middleware Proliferation
  • Formalise and standardise models
  • Can be implemented using different technologies
    • CORBA
    • XML
    • EJB
mda and domains
MDA and Domains
  • Could have a statistical domain
  • ADM SiG exists and can be used to formalise models
  • Does Metanet want to develop a statistical metamodel
    • Similar in concept to CWM
    • Could use CWM as a base
metadata registries and repositories
Metadata Registries and Repositories
  • Registry stores the metadata about data in a repository
  • Registry objects and associations represent the metadata model
  • The registry object “points” to the data (URL)
  • Central registries can be used for query purposes – e.g. get list of statistical data sets for transport by land between Belgium and Italy for 1993-2000
registry access

application (e.g.Servlet)

application

Statistical DatabaseNSI A

Registry

2

Registry

1

Statistical DatabaseNSI B

Registry Access

Browser

Registry Interface

Registry Interface

registry standards
Registry Standards
  • OASIS
    • Draft standard submitted by NIST
  • ebXML
    • Electronic business XML
    • Based on OASIS model