Reviewing the Notes on the Iroquois: Miss Springborn~ Team 6 Pages 11-12 in NOTES packet
Government: • The Iroquois consisted of five nations that were called the Mohawk, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Seneca___ • When these 5 groups joined together they called themselves The League of Five Nations_ • The most important law of the Iroquois was called the Great __Law of Peace_______ • In 1722, another nation joined the nation called the ____Tuscarora________
Homeland and Food: • The homeland of the Iroquois was the __woodland Northeast_. The winters were ___severe/cold__ and the summers were ___warm____. • The Iroquois got much of their food from the forests and rivers. The men went ___hunting and fishing___ and both men and women __gathered berries, fruits, and nuts___ • The Iroquois women looked after the fields. One of the main crops they grew were _corn, beans, and squash__ and they called these crops the “__three sisters__’ • The main job of the Iroquois men was to _fish and hunt
Homeland and Food: • The men hunted game birds like _goose, the heron, and the turkey_and they hunted animals such as _bear and beaver_
Shelter: • The Iroquois stayed in one place because they were able to grow much of their __food_. The nearby forests provided trees from which they built houses called _longhouses. • Longhouses were long buildings made to __last a long time__. They were made of __wooden poles__ that were tied together and covered with sheets of __bark__. • Many _families__ shared a longhouse. Each family had its own space. Sleeping __platforms__ and shelves lined the walls. The platforms had __reed mats and deerskins on them to make them warm and comfortable.
Language and Storytelling: • The Iroquois had NO __written language___ • They used speeches and ___storytelling____ to preserve the history and culture. Stories were passed __down through generations__ • Storytellers would point to parts of a belt to tell a story. These belts had patterns made with shell beads called __WAMPUM___. Each pattern meant something different. • Many wampum belts were like official ___records_. The belts were exchanged at __marriages__and to seal _political agreements
Trade: • The Iroquois could grow extra crops, such as _corn_, to trade. • They traded with _eastern people__ for _wampum shells__ and with Northern people for _fur_ • Trade is _the buying and selling or exchange of products_ • Goods are _products that can be bought, sold, or exchanged_ • When the Europeans started coming to the New world in the early 16th century, the Iroquois started trading with them. _Europeans_ wanted a lot of fur. Iroquois traded the furs for goods such as guns, iron tools, and pots, and glass beads_. • The Iroquois also traded their crops, such as __corn__, with other groups for beaver fur and then traded this fur with ___Europeans__.
Glossary Terms: • Wampum means: beads made from shells strung into patterns with different meanings • Homeland means: the place a people or nation chooses to make its home • Longhouses are: long Native American houses built for large groups to live in • Treaty is: an official agreement between groups of people • Culture is: the traditions, language, dress, ceremonies, and other ways of life that a group of people share