Genetic Traits. Genotype: The types of the genes of an organism Phenotype: The observable characteristics of an organism Gametes: Haploid sex cells created for sexual reproduction Zygote : Diploid cell created by the fusion of sperm and egg. Genetic Traits and Vocab.
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Gregor Johann Mendel (1822-1884)
P = parental generation
F1 = 1st filial generation, progeny (offspring) of the P generation
F2 = 2nd filial generation, progeny of the F1 generation (F3 and so on)
Monohybrid cross = cross of two different true-breeding strains (homozygotes) that differ in a single trait.
*Genetics etiquette - female conventionally is written first
Simple Dominance Examples: