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  1. Conditional Statements, Global Issues Spoken English IV Fujian Normal University

  2. Brainstorm: Types of Pollution • air pollution • water pollution • litter/solid waste pollution • noise pollution

  3. Types of Pollution air pollution (car exhaust, coal dust, sand, smoking, carbon emissions) water pollution (industrial waste, sewage, acid rain) litter/solid waste pollution (plastic bags, styrofoam boxes, disposable chopsticks, landfill) noise pollution (traffic, construction) greenhouse effect/global warming (温室效应, 全球变暖)

  4. What is sustainability? (可持续) “the capacity and ability to support, maintain or endure”

  5. Natural? Natural Capital? Capital?

  6. Autumn Maple Trees, Toronto Summer Banyan Trees, Fuzhou

  7. Natural Capital Resources Resources are anything obtained from the environment to meet plant, animal and human needs. Primary resources are: air, water, soil, energy and minerals.

  8. Resources: Perpetual and Renewable Changjiang Ao Windfarm, Pingtan Perpetual: renewed continuously on a human scale

  9. Resources: Perpetual and Renewable Christmas tree farm Renewable: can be replenished fairly quickly on a human scale

  10. Resources: Non-renewable Open pit mine, Australia Non-renewable: exist in essentially fixed quantities on the earth;

  11. Natural Capital Resources Solar Power: perpetual Coal: non renewable Perpetual Renewable Non-Renewable Using the following photographs, state which kind of resource each of these are:

  12. Natural Capital Resources Oil: non-renewable Wind Power: perpetual Forests: renewable Perpetual Renewable Non-Renewable

  13. Natural Capital Resources Natural gas: non-renewable Geothermal: perpetual Hydro power: renewable Perpetual Renewable Non-Renewable

  14. Sustainable living Sustainable living does not usenon-renewable resources. Sustainable living uses renewable resources only atthe rate at which they can be replaced.

  15. Complaining Constructively Complaints can be helpful if you can provide reasons why something doesn’t work or is unliked problem  root cause  solution “Too much/many” “Not enough” Much (non count words) Many (count words) Eg. I don’t like this classroom. There’s too much organized activity and not enough time to practice

  16. Practice complaining constructively

  17. “Too many/much and not enough”

  18. Green Earth Volunteers: http://eng.greensos.cn

  19. China Environmental Protection Foundation http://www.cepf.org.cn 曲 格平 (Qu GePing, Former Environment Protection Minister of China)

  20. THE DIRECTORY OF ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS & ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES IN CHINA http://earthdirectory.net/china

  21. Suppositional Statements: “If I had a million dollars…” FNU PETS Oral English 2012 If (I/you/he/she/they) (past tense)… , (I/you/he/she/they) would (verb)… . Example: If I wereprime minister of Canada, I wouldimproverelations with China. If I werea rich man, I wouldn’tridea bicycle. “I’d” = “I would”

  22. If I had a million dollars (If I had a million dollars) I'd buy you a house ( I would buy you a house) If I had a million dollars (If I had a million dollars) I'd buy you furniture for your house (maybe a nice chesterfield or an ottoman) If I had a million dollars (If I had a million dollars) I'd buy you a K-car (a nice Reliant automobile) If I had a million dollars, I'd buy your love If I had a million dollars I'd build a tree fort in our yard If I had a million dollars You could help, it wouldn't be that hard If I had a million dollars Maybe we could put a refrigerator in there Wouldn't that be fabulous!

  23. IfI had a million dollars (If I had a million dollars) I’d buy you a fur coat (but not a real fur coat, that's cruel) If I had a million dollars (If I had a million dollars) I'd buy you an exotic pet (like a llama or an emu) If I had a million dollars (If I had a million dollars) I'd buy you John Merrick's remains (All them crazy elephant bones) If I had a million dollars, I'd buy your love If I had a million dollars We wouldn't have to walk to the store If I had a million dollars We'd take a limousine ‘cause it costs more If I had a million dollars, we wouldn’t have to eat Kraft dinner

  24. If I had a million dollars (If I had a million dollars) I'd buy you a green dress (but not a real green dress, that's cruel) If I had a million dollars (If I had a million dollars) I'd but you some art (A Picasso or a Garfunkel) If I had a million dollars (If I had a million dollars) I'd buy you a monkey (haven't you always wanted a monkey?) If I had a million dollars If I had a million dollars I'd be rich!

  25. If you had a million dollars (630 万 RMB), what would youdo? If you were in a car accident, what would you do? If you could be any person in the world, who would you be? If you could change one thing about yourself, what would you change? If you could reform the environment protection laws, what would youdo?

  26. If you bought a car, what kind of car would youbuy? (explain your answer) If you had a chance to visit any country in the world, where would you go? (explain your answer) If you could meet any person in the world, who would it be? (explain your answer) If you found a 100 RMB bill on the sidewalk, what would you do? If you were premier of China, what would youdo? FNU PETS Oral English 2012

  27. What’s that Nationality?

  28. Gapminder.org Lab See “Gapminder World” and answer the following questions: • What colour are the Asian countries? • What countries have the longest life expectancy? • What countries are the richest? • What continent is the poorest? • What does the size of each circle represent? Red Japan, Hong Kong, Switzerland, Italy Macau,Qatar, Luxembourg Africa Population

  29. Question 1: Global HealthThe Gapminder Quiz What country today have the longest life expectancy? • United States • Israel • Japan

  30. Question 2: Global HealthThe Gapminder Quiz Which country today has the lowest death rate during the first year of life? • Singapore • Sweden • Venezuela

  31. Question 3: Economic GrowthThe Gapminder Quiz In which country is the average income per person highest today? • Ireland • Kuwait • South Korea

  32. Question 4: Economic GrowthThe Gapminder Quiz In which country is the average income per person highest today? • Ireland • Kuwait • South Korea

  33. Question 5: Population GrowthThe Gapminder Quiz In which country today do women, on average, marry at the oldest age? • Algeria • Canada • Philippines

  34. Question 6: CO2 emissionsThe Gapminder Quiz Which country emits the most tonnes of CO2? • China • France • United States

  35. Question 6: CO2 emissionsThe Gapminder Quiz Which country emits the most tonnes of CO2per person today? • China • France • United States

  36. Distribution of world carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion, 2009 Environment Canada August 2012