Learning to Implement a Home-Based ABA Program. Understanding aba. Chrissy McNair, Mom. Introductions. Melinda Henson, BCBA. Introductions . Gain Understanding of ABA Outcomes, Theories, Principles, and Guidelines Learn How to Assess Your Child’s Needs
Gain Understanding of ABA Outcomes, Theories, Principles, and Guidelines
Learn How to Assess Your Child’s Needs
Understand How to Set Goals for Your Child
Learn Methods for Prompting, Reinforcement, Generalization
Learn the Importance of Data Collection and Different Collection MethodsSession overview
(Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007)
Dinner Table ABA
NEED GOALS, PROTOCOLS & PROCEDURES, ANALYSISUsing aba at home
Many times, children with autism’s behaviors are not reinforced by naturally occurring consequences, or the naturally occurring reinforcement for negative behaviors outweigh those of positive behaviors
For this reason, we must sometimes use tangible items to reinforce specific behaviorsReinforcement and ASD
Reinforcement is what makes the behavior more likely to occur in the future.
Deprivation: To keep toys, foods, and activities fun, save them for therapy or when you want to teach a difficult or new skill. Think: Absence makes the heart grow fonder….
Primary reinforcers automatically fill some biological human need without learning
Secondary reinforcers acquire their value through learning (through association with primary reinforcement)
Generalized reinforcers have been paired with a variety of previously established reinforcers
A schedule of reinforcement determines how often the behavior should be reinforced
Automatic reinforcement occurs when behaviors have an immediate affect on their environment which in turn reinforce the behavior.
Each target behavior will be reinforced EVERY TIME until child/student shows that s/he can perform this behavior in a variety of environments without mistakes!
Reinforcing even a slight approximation to the desired behavior
After that behavior is being replicated, only reinforce a closer approximation
Generalization occurs when behaviors learned under one set of circumstances occur:
Fluency is performing a behavior smoothly, rapidly, correctly, and with ease.
Maintenance is the ability to continue the behavior after intervention has ended.
Minimize unwanted behaviors during initial learning (errorless teaching)
Consider amount of learning opportunities needed to achieve mastery and fluency
DataFP = Full prompt Delay0 = 0-s
PP= Partial prompt 2 = 2-s
I = Independent 4 = 4-s
E = ErrorN = No prompt
Verbal Behavior – Milestones Assessment and Placement Program
Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills