The Southern Song. The Collapse of the Northern Song. The ruler Emperor Huizong (r. 1100-1126) was regarded as “incompetent” as a ruler mediocre and corrupt officials and reformers like Cai Jing (1046-1126) and eunuchs like Tong Guang (1054-1126) ruled the state
Song’s attempt to ally with Jin against the Liao proved a failure; the Jin army defeated the Liao army and took control of north China
The Fang La Rebellion, which started in Zhejiang, annihilated 70,000 government’s regular troops.
Emperor Qinzong, his father Huizong and an entourage of 3,000 people were rounded up and taken prisoner.
Mass migration to the south occurred again, causing space reconfiguration and many changes in the south reminiscent of the .
Southern Song, with its capital established in Lin’an (known as Hangzhou later), coexisted with the Jin, even though they all wanted to reunify China.
Now in Suzhou city museum
Above: City Gate of Song Hangzhou
Compared with Chang’an and Kaifeng, streets were narrow, overcrowded, noisy, and filled with merchants, traders, and craftsmen
Imperial City was in the northern foothill of Phoenix Hill and the emperor turned his back to the city when holding audience and performing his official duties.
“Zhongxing ruiying tu” (Auspicious Signs in favor of Restoration) by Xiao Zhao （蕭照), Southern Song. Sections 7 and 12 of a twelve-section painting depicting the first emperor, Zhao Gou, and his life. Tianjin Art Museum
“Escorting Huizong’s Casket,” anonymous, Southern Song, Shanghai Art Museum.
Eight watch-towers within the ramparts; two beyond the ramparts. When smoke was sighted
During the day--the soldiers on guard in the towers gave warning of the first sign of fire by running up flags
At night; lightening the lantern
Numbers of flags and lanterns indicated the location of the fire (the closer to the ramparts, the higher the number)
Fire-fighting squads of soldiers numbered two thousand within the city and twelve thousand outside its walls
They were equipped with buckets, ropes, flags, hatchets, scythes, lanterns and fireproof clothing
Garrisoned troops also joined the fire-fighting
Material culture reached its peak in Song times with booming light industry
“Canzhi tu” (Silk-weaving) two other sections of the 24-sectin painting
“Fangche tu” (Spinning wheel) by Wang Juzheng, Northern Song, women holding a baby with left hand and spinning silk with right hand. National Palace Museum, Beijing
Scholar-officials were concerned about health care and took on the task of looking after the sick.
Bronze Acupuncture Model created by Wang Weiyi (N. Song) based on his [Ellustratd]Classic of the Bronze Man’s Moxibustion and Acupuncture or The Illustrated Manual on Points for Acupuncture and Moxibustion
Institutionalized medical education started in 1044 when the government established a Medical School Service, which was enhanced under Emperor Huizong.
“Village Physician,” by Li Tang, Southern Song, on silk, National Palace Musuem, Taipei, Taiwan
Thoroughfares, Imperial Way, canals
Wide and spacious
Water transport: boats on the canals
Boats of many different kinds, propelled either by a pole or by an oar fixed at the stern, passed along the canals of the city
“Story of the Eight Eminent Monks” by Liang Kai, Southern Song, portions of eight paintings
“Qingming shanghe tu”
Legumes could be sown and harvested through four seasons, and were the sustenance of the Song people
Fisherman and fishing villages are important motifs in Song landscape paintings