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Renaissance. Music in the. According to a theorist writing in 1475, no music worth hearing had been written before 1440. a piece by Josquin. Josquin Desprez (des Prez). 1 st “Great Composer” glorified by contemporary and following generations new approach to composition?. Jos Canh

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Renaissance
Renaissance

Music in the


According to a theorist writing in 1475 no music worth hearing had been written before 1440
According to a theorist writing in 1475, no music worth hearing had been written before 1440 . . .


A piece by josquin
a piece by Josquin hearing had been written before 1440 . . .


Josquin desprez des prez
Josquin Desprez (des Prez) hearing had been written before 1440 . . .

  • 1st “Great Composer” glorified by contemporary and following generations

  • new approach to composition?

Jos Canh

duh Pray


The old way

Add a third active line that goes well with the cantus firmus and the other line

Add a nice active line that goes well with the cantus firmus

The Old Way

Start with a bit of chant – a cantus firmus


The emerging way
The Emerging Way? firmus and the other line

Still very “linear” in conception, especially in its emphasis on IMITATIVE COUNTERPOINT, but more “vertical” in organization? (Careful control of dissonance; favoring triads.)


Compared to ars nova
Compared to Ars Nova . . . firmus and the other line

  • more careful handling of dissonance

  • more respect for the mode (less chromatic)

  • “sweeter” sound world favors the warm or sweet sound of 3rds & 6ths (intervals) instead of the stark, empty sounds of perfect 4ths & 5ths


Josquin listening example
Josquin listening example firmus and the other line

  • KEY INFO:

  • motet -- Ave Maria. . . Virgo Serena, 1502,

  • Josquin (c. 1440-1521)

  • Imitative counterpoint

1480

Extra info:

LINE, careful handling of dissonance. The shift to triple time and then back to duple near the end of a work is characteristic of many Renaissance works. Opening based on a chant fragment, but most of the work is freely invented anew.


Ave maria virgo serena

Overlapping entry firmus and the other line

Overlapping entry

Entry order: 1 2 3 4 time interval = 4 beats

Entry order: 1 2 3 4 time interval = 5 beats

Ave Maria. . . Virgo Serena

Each phrase imitated by following voices

Entry order: 1 2 3 4 time interval = 4 beats


Ave maria virgo serena1

slightly overlapping entry firmus and the other line

High duet (1 & 2) answered by low duet (3 4) + 3rd voice (2)

brief break

All 4 voices start rhythmically together but gradually create complex interlocking texture

Ave Maria. . . Virgo Serena

Entry order: 2 1 3 4 time interval = 4 beats


Ave maria virgo serena2

slightly overlapping entry firmus and the other line

4 lines in imitation enter 1 2 3 4 at time intervals of 4, 2 & 4 beats

Ave Maria. . . Virgo Serena

Canonic duet (1 2) at a time interval of 1 beat answered by canonic duet in 3 & 4

Duet in 1 & 2 answered by duet in 3 & 4

Again, duet in 1 & 2 answered by duet in 3 & 4


Ave maria virgo serena3
Ave Maria firmus and the other line. . . Virgo Serena

TRIPLE METER

lines generally together (a chordal, homorhythmic texture) but still independent – there is a hidden canon

Text at this point?


Ave maria virgo serena4
Ave Maria firmus and the other line. . . Virgo Serena

back to duple

Duet in 1 & 2 answered by duet in 3 & 4

That section is repeated note-for-note but with a different text

Free imitation (lines 1 & 3 exact)

Free imitation (lines 1 & 3 exact)

Homorhythmic to the final “Amen”


Quite a career
Quite a career firmus and the other line

  • Served in cathedrals and chapels of a wealthy family, the pope, and French royalty

  • Milan, Rome, Ferrara, Belgium & France

  • SIGNIFICANCE – this approach to music an international culture


For comparison
for comparison firmus and the other line

  • Memor esto, Josquin

  • Ave Maria, Ockeghem


Summary italian renaissance
Summary – Italian Renaissance firmus and the other line

  • POLITICS – Italian city-states; power from € (money)

  • EARLY RENAISSANCE – Florence

  • HIGH RENAISSANCE – Rome

  • ART – Classical ideals revived; BIG 3

  • IDEAS – Humanism returns

  • MUSIC – Josquin & imitative counterpoint


Datebook
DATEBOOK firmus and the other line

1432 –

c.1500 –

Donatello’s nude David

Michelangelo’s David & Josquin’s Ave Maria . . . Virgo Serena(approximate date)


Josquin
Josquin firmus and the other line

(to the tune of the Beatles’ “Michelle”)

Josquin, the Man,

Wrote smooth counterpoint as few persons can,

That guy Josquin


Raphael madonna dell granduca c 1505
Raphael firmus and the other lineMadonna dell Granduca, c.1505


Ock chigi codex
Ock, Chigi Codex firmus and the other line


Brumel
Brumel firmus and the other line