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Hematological Diseases. Liannette LaSanta. Anemia. Anemia is when a person has a low number of red blood cells. S evere anemia can cause fatigue, pale skin, and shortness of breath. Iron deficiency anemia.

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hematological diseases

Hematological Diseases

Liannette LaSanta

anemia
Anemia
  • Anemia is when a person has a low number of red blood cells. Severe anemia can cause fatigue, pale skin, and shortness of breath.

Iron deficiency anemia

  • Low iron intake and loss of blood are common causes of iron-deficiency anemia. Treatment includes iron pills, or rarely, blood transfusion.

ANEMIA OF CHRONIC DISEASE

  • People with chronic diseases tend to develop anemia. Anemia of chronic disease does not usually require treatment. Injections of a synthetic hormone to stimulate the production of blood cells.
pernicious anemia
Pernicious anemia
  • This autoimmune condition prevents the body from absorbing enough B12 .Besides anemia, nerve damage can eventually occur as well. High doses of B12 prevent long-term problems.

APLASTIC ANEMIA

  • The bone marrow does not produce enough blood cells, including red blood cells, for people who have this disorder. A viral infection, drug side effect, or an autoimmune condition can cause this. Blood transfusions, and even a bone marrow transplant, maybe the source of treatment.
autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  • With this condition, an overactive immune system destroys the body's own red blood cells.Medicines that suppress the immune system may be required to stop the process.

THALASSEMIA

  • This is a genetic form of anemia that mostly affects people of Mediterranean heritage. Most people have no symptoms and require no treatment, but others may need regular blood transfusions to relieve anemia symptoms.

SICKLE CELL ANEMIA

  • A genetic condition that affects mostly African-Americans. RBCs change shape, and block blood flow. Severe pain and organ damage could happen.
polycythemia vera
Polycythemia vera
  • The body produces too many blood cells, from an unknown cause. The excess RBCs usually create no problems , but may cause blood clotsforsome people.

MALARIA

  • A mosquito's bite transmits a parasite into a person's blood, where it infects RBCs. The red blood cells rupture, causing fever, chills, and organ damage. This is most common in Africa, and those traveling to Africa are at risk .
sources
Sources
  • http://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi
  • http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/blood-disorder-types-and-treatment