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Lifestyle diseases, Genetic diseases, Chronic diseases . Cardiovascular Diseases. These diseases affect the heart or blood vessels. These diseases are responsible for more than 40% of all deaths in the US. Types of Cardio Diseases. Hypertension: high blood pressure and can occur at any age.

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cardiovascular diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
  • These diseases affect the heart or blood vessels.
  • These diseases are responsible for more than 40% of all deaths in the US
types of cardio diseases
Types of Cardio Diseases
  • Hypertension: high blood pressure and can occur at any age.
    • Silent killer because there are no symptoms in its early stages
    • It can be lowered with; meds and wt. control
  • Atherosclerosis: is the process in which plaques accumulate on artery walls
    • Buildup is due mainly to food choices
    • If a blood clot forms in the area of the plaque, a heart attack or stroke may result.
disease of the heart
Disease of the Heart
  • Angina Pectoris: is chest pain that result from lack of o2
  • Arrhythmia: irregular heartbeats
  • Heart attacks: Damage the heart muscle
  • Congestive Heart failure: when the heart gradually weakens
  • Stroke: arterial blockage to the brain
factors of cvd
Factors of CVD
  • Heredity
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Life style
  • Noncancerous tumors: ( benign) don't spread, yet can interfere with body function.
  • Cancerous tumors (malignant tumors) spread throughout the body, or metastasize.
  • Cancer kills normal cells and compete for nutrients
  • Tumors put pressure on tissue and organs
types of cancer
Types of Cancer
  • Lymphomas are cancers of the immune system.
  • Leukemia's are cancers of the blood-forming organs
  • Carcinomas are cancers of the glands and body lining
  • Sarcomas are cancers of the connective tissue.
risk factors of cancer
Risk Factors of Cancer
  • Tobacco use, even secondhand.
  • Sexually transmitted disease cause cervical and liver cancers.
  • A diet high in fat and low in fiber
  • Ultraviolet radiation
reducing your risk of cancer
Reducing your risk of cancer
  • Practice abstinence
  • Be physical active
  • Maintain healthy wt.
  • Eat nutritious foods.
  • UV protection
  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol
  • Recognize the warning signs
treatment for cancer
Treatment for Cancer
  • Surgery removes cells
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy: Chemical destroy
  • Immunotherapy activates your own immune system
  • Hormone slow it down
  • Asthma is an inflammatory condition in which the small airways in the lungs become narrowed, causing difficulty in breathing
  • Sensitive to triggers (substance such air pollution)
  • Manage stress, take meds, manage environ, monitor conditions
  • Chronic disease that affects the way body cells convert food into energy.
    • Type 1 suddenly and progresses quickly
      • Body doesn’t produce insulin
      • Glucose builds up in the blood, starving cells of energy
      • Damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart
      • Autoimmune disease, a condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks itself
  • Type 2: results in the body being unable to make enough insulin or to use insulin properly.
  • It is nearing epidemic proportions in US
  • A diet high in fat, calories, and cholesterol increases its risk
  • Treatment: wt. manage, ex, diet, meds
  • Arthritis is a group of more than 100 different diseases that cause pain and loss of movement
  • Osteoarthritis is a disease of the joints in which cartilage breaks down
    • Control wt.
    • Prevent sports injuries
    • Lyme disease (bite of infected tick)
rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Joints may become deformed and cease to function normally
  • Medication:
  • Ex, rest, joint protection, therapy
  • Inflammation of the joint
other chronic conditions
Other chronic conditions
  • Chronic Fatigue syndrome
  • Down Syndrome
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Epilepsy
  • Hemophilia
  • Migraine
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Narcolepsy
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Sickle-cell anemia