Cardiovascular Diseases • These diseases affect the heart or blood vessels. • These diseases are responsible for more than 40% of all deaths in the US
Types of Cardio Diseases • Hypertension: high blood pressure and can occur at any age. • Silent killer because there are no symptoms in its early stages • It can be lowered with; meds and wt. control • Atherosclerosis: is the process in which plaques accumulate on artery walls • Buildup is due mainly to food choices • If a blood clot forms in the area of the plaque, a heart attack or stroke may result.
Disease of the Heart • Angina Pectoris: is chest pain that result from lack of o2 • Arrhythmia: irregular heartbeats • Heart attacks: Damage the heart muscle • Congestive Heart failure: when the heart gradually weakens • Stroke: arterial blockage to the brain
Factors of CVD • Heredity • Gender • Age • Diet • Exercise • Life style
Cancer • Noncancerous tumors: ( benign) don't spread, yet can interfere with body function. • Cancerous tumors (malignant tumors) spread throughout the body, or metastasize. • Cancer kills normal cells and compete for nutrients • Tumors put pressure on tissue and organs
Types of Cancer • Lymphomas are cancers of the immune system. • Leukemia's are cancers of the blood-forming organs • Carcinomas are cancers of the glands and body lining • Sarcomas are cancers of the connective tissue.
Risk Factors of Cancer • Tobacco use, even secondhand. • Sexually transmitted disease cause cervical and liver cancers. • A diet high in fat and low in fiber • Ultraviolet radiation
Reducing your risk of cancer • Practice abstinence • Be physical active • Maintain healthy wt. • Eat nutritious foods. • UV protection • Avoid tobacco and alcohol • Recognize the warning signs
Treatment for Cancer • Surgery removes cells • Radiation • Chemotherapy: Chemical destroy • Immunotherapy activates your own immune system • Hormone slow it down
Asthma • Asthma is an inflammatory condition in which the small airways in the lungs become narrowed, causing difficulty in breathing • Sensitive to triggers (substance such air pollution) • Manage stress, take meds, manage environ, monitor conditions
Diabetes • Chronic disease that affects the way body cells convert food into energy. • Type 1 suddenly and progresses quickly • Body doesn’t produce insulin • Glucose builds up in the blood, starving cells of energy • Damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart • Autoimmune disease, a condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks itself
Diabetes • Type 2: results in the body being unable to make enough insulin or to use insulin properly. • It is nearing epidemic proportions in US • A diet high in fat, calories, and cholesterol increases its risk • Treatment: wt. manage, ex, diet, meds
Arthritis • Arthritis is a group of more than 100 different diseases that cause pain and loss of movement • Osteoarthritis is a disease of the joints in which cartilage breaks down • Control wt. • Prevent sports injuries • Lyme disease (bite of infected tick)
Rheumatoid arthritis • Joints may become deformed and cease to function normally • Medication: • Ex, rest, joint protection, therapy • Inflammation of the joint
Other chronic conditions • Chronic Fatigue syndrome • Down Syndrome • Cystic Fibrosis • Epilepsy • Hemophilia • Migraine • Multiple Sclerosis • Muscular Dystrophy • Narcolepsy • Parkinson’s Disease • Peptic ulcer • Sickle-cell anemia