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The Role of Public Research Organizations Within Open Innovation. ‘A Review of the State of the Art From an Economic Perspective ’ Adrian Kovacs Workshop on Open Innovation Bucharest 07-10-2013. My Profile. Function Research Fellow of the Flanders Research Foundation (FWO).
‘A Review of the State of the Art FromanEconomicPerspective’
Workshop on Open Innovation
The Open Innovation paradigm does not suggest that openness in R&D is a new phenomenon
Open Innovation captures the trend towards an increased reliance of firms upon external sources of innovation in recent decadeswhich is mainly attributable to the increasingly wide diffusion of useful knowledge.
The contribution of the Open Innovation concept does not so much come from it describing the observed trend, but from it addressing the consequences of the observed trend.
The Logic of Open Innovation
Private Open Innovation
Open Source Innovation
From A Theoretical Standpoint...
From An Empirical Standpoint…
A Public Research Organization (PRO) is an organization that performs research activities as part of its mission and receives at least some public funding to support these activities (EC’s Expert Group on Knowledge Transfer Metrics, 2009).
As such the label PRO includes;
To what extent do academic contributions on Open Innovation refer (explicitly) to PROs?
Open Innovation builds on existing economic/management theories…
However, several indicators of science-industry linkages show a positive trend towards the intensification of these linkages in terms of scale and scope in the past decade(s).
Commonly used indicators of industry-science links include;
ReferencestoScientificContributions in Patent Documents
There is anincreased ‘industrial/societal’ demandforscientificknowledge.
There is anincreasednumber of public policy initiativesaimed at stimulatingandfacilitatingscience-industrylinkages.
Bybecomingbetterconnectedwith the industry, public research organizations are ableto…
Bybecomingbetterconnectedwith the scientific community, firms are betterableto…
LinkageswithPROscan help firmstoimprove the productivity of applied research andultimatelytheirinnovative performance…
Empirical studies confirm the importance of scienceforindustry…
Empirical studies confirmthat…
PROsprocurementactivity is certainly a mechanismthatfacilitatesknowledgeflowsbetweenPROsandindustry(Autio et. al., 2003).
The magnitude of these knowledgeflows is determinedby…
The amount of socialcapitalthat is built intorelationshipsbetweenPROsandindustry is determinedby…
The results of a 2003 survey on CERN procurementclearlyhighlights the positiveeffects of procurement on knowledgeflows;
The resultsalso show thatknowledgeflows are facilitatedby;
Open Innovation Community
The Network of Excellence on Open & CollaborativeInnovation
FWO Research Fellow / PhD-Candidate in Applied Economics
KatholiekeUniversiteit Leuven, Faculty of Business and Economics (FEB)
Department of Managerial Economics, Strategy and Innovation (MSI)
Hogenheuvelcollege, Room 03.107 Naamsestraat 69, P.O. Box 3535
3000 Leuven, Belgium
T: +32 16 32 68 62
M: +32 4 91 36 29 37