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Gadsden Purchase 1854. Transcontinental Railroad. Primary reason for purchasing the land Railroad would stretch from the heart of the Deep South to the coast of the Pacific Ocean US land above the purchase was too mountainous to lay a railroad. Ambassador Gadsden. James Gadsden

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Transcontinental railroad
Transcontinental Railroad

  • Primary reason for purchasing the land

  • Railroad would stretch from the heart of the Deep South to the coast of the Pacific Ocean

  • US land above the purchase was too mountainous to lay a railroad


Ambassador gadsden
Ambassador Gadsden

  • James Gadsden

  • American Ambassador to Mexico

  • Negotiated purchase of territory from Mexico


Purchase
Purchase

  • 29,670 square miles

  • Major portion of present day Arizona and New Mexico

  • Last border change and territory acquisition of the contiguous United States


Official proceedings
Official Proceedings

  • Negotiated by Ambassador Gadsden on December 30, 1853

  • Ratified by the US Senate and signed by US President Franklin Pierce on April 25, 1854

  • Transferred by Mexico on June 8, 1854


Price
Price

  • US paid Mexico $10 Million

  • Equivalent of $260 Million today


Lasting results
Lasting Results

  • Cemented USA contiguous border to what it is today

  • North did not support building of the railroad in the South

  • Railroad was not completed until 1881, at the time it was the 2nd transcontinental railroad