preterite vs imperfect n.
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Preterite vs. Imperfect. Both the preterite and imperfect explain past actions , but they are used in different situations to mean different things. Arregla tus apuntes así :. Imperfect: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Preterite 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. MAIN uses:

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slide2

Both the preterite and imperfect explain past actions, but they are used in different situations to mean different things.

arregla tus apuntes as
Arreglatusapuntesasí:

Imperfect:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Preterite

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

slide4

MAIN uses:

Preterite: completed action:

Fui a la fiesta contigo.

I went (once) to the party with you.

slide5

MAIN uses:

Imperfect: Ongoing, repeated past action (no defined beginning or end) or “used to…”

Yoiba a las fiestas contigo.

I used to go to the parties with you. (No given time period.)

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Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2.

3.

4.

5.

interrupting action
Interrupting action

Preterite: The action that interrupts

Imperfect:The background action (getting interrupted).

.

Cenábamoscuando me llamó.

We were eating dinner when he called me.

slide8

Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Background action

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2.Interrupting action

3.

4.

5.

slide9

Preterite: Beginning or end of an action.

Empezó a llover.

Itbegan to rain.

Teminastetutarea.

You finished your assignment.

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Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Background action

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2. Interrupting

3. Beginning or End of an action

4.

5.

slide11

Preterite: Something done a specific number of times or for a specific duration.

Desayunamos en el hotel cincoveces.

We ate breakfast in the hotel five times.

Comimos en el restaurantepor dos horas.

We ate at the restaurant for 2 hours.

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Preterite

1. Completed Action

2. Interruptor

3. Beginning or End of an action

4. # of times

5.

Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Background action

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

slide13

Preterite: A chain or sequence of events. (They’re all completed actions one after the other)

Medesperté, meduchéy fui a la escuela.

I wokeup, I showered, and I went to school.

slide14

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2. Interrupting

3. Beginning or End of an action

4. # of times/ duration

5. Chain of events

Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Interrupted

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

slide15

Imperfect: Setting the scene or describing the background for other events.

Hacíacalor y los pájaroscantaban.

It was hot and the birds weresinging.

slide16

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2. Interrupting

3. Beginning or End of an action

4. # of times/ duration

5. Chain of events

Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Interrupted

3. Setting the scene

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

slide17

Imperfect: Time (use era/eran where you would have used es/son)

Erala una y media.

It was one thirty.

Eranlastres y veinte.

It was three twenty.

slide18

Imperfect: Date

Era lunes, el catorce de mayo.

It was Monday, May 14th.

slide20

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2. Interrupting

3. Beginning or End of an action

4. # of times/ duration

5. Chain of events

Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Background action

3. Setting the scene

4. Time, date, weather

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

slide21

Imperfect: Physical descriptions and states, including AGE.

El hombre teníacuarentaaños.

The man was 40 years old.

Yoestabacansada.

I was tired.

slide22

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2. Interrupting

3. Beginning or End of an action

4. # of times

5. Chain of events

Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Background action

3. Setting the scene

4. Time, date, weather

5. Physical description, age

6.

7.

8.

9.

slide23

Imperfect: Emotional conditions, mental processes, and attitudes.

Siempre me encantabanadar.

I always loved to swim.

Creíasquehacíafrío.

You believed that it was cold.

slide24

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2. Interrupting

3. Beginning or End of an action

4. # of times/ duration

5. Chain of events

Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Background action

3. Setting the scene

4. Time, date, weather

5. Physical description, age

6. Emotions, attitudes, mental processes

7.

8.

9.

slide25

Imperfect: Location (as part of setting the scene)

Estábamos en Madrid cuandoatacaron la estación de trenes.

We were in Madrid when they attacked the train station.

slide26

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2. Interrupting

3. Beginning or End of an action

4. # of times/ duration

5. Chain of events

Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Background action

3. Setting the scene

4. Time, date, weather

5. Physical description, age

6. Emotions, attitudes, mental processes

7. Location

8.

9.

slide27

Imperfect: Past Progressive (estar in imperfect + present participle)

Estababailandocuando mi móvilsonó.

I was dancing when my cell phone rang.

slide28

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2. Interrupting

3. Beginning or End of an action

4. # of times

5. Chain of events

Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Background action

3. Setting the scene

4. Time, date, weather

5. Physical description, age

6. Emotions, attitudes, mental processes

7. Location

8. Past progressive

9.

slide29

Imperfect: Intentions. “was going to...”

(irin imperfect + a + infinitive)

Iban a cantar en la iglesia.

They weregoingto sing in the church.

slide30

Preterite

1. Completed Action

2. Interrupting

3. Beginning or End of an action

4. # of times/ duration

5. Chain of events

Imperfect:

1. Ongoing/repeated action

2. Background action

3. Setting the scene

4. Time, date, weather

5. Physical description, age

6. Emotions, attitudes, mental processes

7. Location

8. Past progressive

9. Intentions: Ir + a + inf.

verbs that change meaning
Verbs that change meaning

Some verbs take different meanings depending on whether you conjugate them in the preterite or the imperfect.

saber
SABER

Imperfect: knew (facts/info)

“sabía”

Preterite: found out facts/info. “supe, supiste..”

conocer
CONOCER

Imperfect: knew (people/ places) conocía….

Preterite: met someone.

Conocí, conociste…

querer inf
QUERER + inf.

Imperfect: wanted “Queríaganar.”

Preterite: tried “Quise, quisiste etc. + infinitive.”

no querer inf
NO QUERER + Inf.

Imperfect: didn’t want to. “No quería comer.”

Preterite: refused to

“No quise comer.”

tener
TENER

Imperfect: had. tenía

Preterite: got/ received (1st time you had it.) “tuve, tuviste, tuvo…”

poder
PODER

Imperfect: Was able (had the ability.) “Yopodíaganar.”

Preterite: Could and did. (Was able and succeeded in doing so on the specific occasion being presented) “Élpudohacersutarea.”