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Cross-Atlantic Cooperation. Susan K. Avery, WHOI: Irminger Sea Workshop. Changing North Atlantic, changing societal interaction, requires new science approaches. Drivers CO2 injection/uptake – 3D thermohaline circulation – biogeochemical changes - ecosystems

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cross atlantic cooperation

Cross-Atlantic Cooperation

Susan K. Avery, WHOI: Irminger Sea Workshop

changing north atlantic changing societal interaction requires new science approaches
Changing North Atlantic, changing societal interaction, requires new science approaches
  • Drivers
    • CO2 injection/uptake – 3D thermohaline circulation – biogeochemical changes - ecosystems
    • Freshening and warming: Arctic-N. Atlantic
    • Economic opportunity; sustainability
    • Societal risks and resilience
  • Synthetic, integrative approach
    • Ocean system science
    • Virtual observatories/organizations
    • Smart models
building blocks
Building blocks
  • Galway report – focusing scientific energy in N. Atlantic
  • Canada/Germany: Labrador Sea (VITALS)
  • European nation observing chains; Horizon 2020
  • US
    • OOI-NSF
    • Bloom experiment – NASA
creating the integration and coordination
Creating the integration and coordination
  • Virtual organizations
    • SAVI – NSF (OSNAP): creating the VO Hub
    • Coopeus (Interoperability – NSF/Europe)
    • Rapid Array – UK investment in observing array; connecting meridional overturning circulation further south – Virtual observatories
the galway declaration sets the stage for trans atlantic cooperation the vision
The Galway Declaration sets the stage for trans-Atlantic cooperation: The vision
  • Enhanced predictive capability for risks and changes in North Atlantic ocean basin
  • Multi-platform ocean observing and forecasting system providing real time data and long time series
  • Maps seafloor and water column tectonics and ecosystems
  • Enables safe operations at sea, offshore, and coasts
  • Strengthens and seamlessly integrates collaborative science and operations between Europe, Canada, and US
  • Supports the development, through partnerships, for sustainable socio-economic growth
  • Revolutionizes our understanding of the role of the North Atlantic in our earth system
  • Promotes ocean literacy and stakeholder engagement and inspires and educates the next generation of trans-disciplinary scientists and engineers.
galway declaration notes the ocean observing challenge for the north atlantic basin
Galway Declaration notes the ocean observing challenge for the North Atlantic Basin
  • Patchwork of ocean and coastal observing capabilities
    • Provides a basis for a fit for purpose ocean and coastal observation and forecasting infrastructure
    • Lacks the required spatial and temporal coverage, inter-operability and the full range of chemical and biological sensors needed to realize and deliver the shared vision
  • Recommends Trans-Atlantic workshops to develop program that implements vision

Horizon 2020

Europe 2020 Priorities

International cooperation

European Research Area

Shared objectives and principles

  • Tackling Societal Challenges
    • Health, demographic change and wellbeing
    • Food security, sust. agri., marine and maritime research & bioeconomy
    • Secure, clean and efficient energy
    • Smart, green and integrated transport
    • Supply of raw materials, resource efficiency and climate action
    • Inclusive, innovative and secure societies
  • Creating Industrial Leadership and Competitive Frameworks
  • Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies (Biotechnology,…)
  • Access to risk finance
  • Innovation in SMEs

Blue Growth

18 € Billion

32 € Billion

  • Excellence in the Science Base
  • Frontier research
  • Future and EmergingTechnologies
  • Skills and career development (Marie Curie)
  • Research infrastructures

25 € Billion

Coherence with other

EU and MS actions

Common rules,

toolkit of funding schemes

Simplified access

blue growth legacy the ocean of tomorrow
Blue Growth legacy – The ocean of tomorrow
  • Potential for innovation and growth
  • Cross cutting approaches
  • Addresses innovation chain
  • Supports policy and societal decision-making
the blue growth components
The Blue Growth components
  • Sustainably exploiting the diversity of marine life(56 M€)
  • Addressing the new offshore challenge(26 M€)
  • Ocean observing systems and technologies(30 M€)
  • Integration, coordination, and cross-cuts (33M€)
    • Economics of marine research and markets
    • Ocean literacy
    • Atlantic ocean cooperative research alliance
    • European polar research cooperation
    • Healthy and productive seas
the virtual organization coordination collaboration system science
The Virtual Organization: Coordination/collaboration/system science
  • A group of individuals whose members and resources may be dispersed geographically and institutionally, yet who function as a coherent unit through the use of cyberinfrastructure and informatics
  • Typically enabled by, and provides shared and often real-time access to, centralized or distributed resources, such as community specific tools, applications, data, and sensors, and experimental operations.
virtual institute concept
Virtual Institute Concept

Capacity Building

Student Networks

Information Commons

Internet Hub


Cyber Infrastructure

Collaborative tools

Provenance (Policies)

Steering Committee


External communications

Interdisciplinary Engineering Groups

All Observing and Modeling Assets

L1, L2, L3, Data QC,

Data and Model Products

Interdisciplinary Science Groups



Collaborative Labs