Need for deen mazhab ki zaroorat insan ka mansb e khilafat status of man as vicegerent
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Need for Deen ( Mazhab ki Zaroorat ) INSAN KA MANSB-E- KHILAFAT (Status of Man as vicegerent). By: Muhammad Ali Khan. Difference b/w Deen and Mazhab. Concept Frame of Reference Canvas In religious connotation Nature (Individual and Collective). Religion is. Gods Allah Shiva Budhh

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Need for deen mazhab ki zaroorat insan ka mansb e khilafat status of man as vicegerent

Need for Deen(MazhabkiZaroorat)INSAN KA MANSB-E- KHILAFAT(Status of Man as vicegerent)

By: Muhammad Ali Khan

Difference b w deen and mazhab
Difference b/w Deen and Mazhab

  • Concept

  • Frame of Reference

  • Canvas

  • In religious connotation

  • Nature (Individual and Collective)

Religion is
Religion is


  • Allah

  • Shiva

  • Budhh

  • Zeus

  • Aherman

  • Yazdan


  • Prayers

  • Meditation

  • Fasting

  • Alms

  • Youga

  • Experiences

  • Love/Ecstasy

  • Nothingness

  • Hell/Heaven

  • Tranquility

  • Sanctified

  • Sacrifice

  • Beliefs

  • Death

  • Life

  • Immortality

  • Atonement

  • Fate

  • Prayer

Spirits : Demons, Ancestors, Ghosts

Deen lots of ins and outs and what have yours
DEENLots of Ins and Outs and What-Have-Yours

Deen is neither a single phenomenon, nor a “thing”; rather, it is a divine and dynamic collection of institutions, practices, and beliefs and social order

Attempts at a definition
Attempts at a Definition

  • Edward Tylor

    • “The belief in spiritual beings.”

  • Clifford Geertz

    • “A religion is a system of symbols which acts to establish powerful, pervasive, and long-lasting moods and motivations in men by formulating conceptions of a general order of existence and clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic.”

  • Emile Durkheim

    • “A religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden—beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a Church, all those who adhere to them.”

Attempts at a definition1
Attempts at a Definition

  • Melford Spiro

    • “Religion is an institution consisting of culturally patterned interaction with culturally postulated superhuman beings.”

  • Peter Berger

    • “Religion is the human attitude towards a sacred order that includes within it all being—human or otherwise—i.e., belief in a cosmos, the meaning of which both includes and transcends man.”

  • Max Weber

    • Refused to attempt a definition of religion. [Smart Man?]


  • Spirituality-

    • EB Taylor ( Social)

  • Emotion Ethics

    • Mathew Arnold (Literature)

  • Emotional Appeal to accept Almighty

    • Freud (Psychology)

  • Only Rituals ?

  • Humanity

Need of religion deen
Need of Religion/Deen

Pascal Boyer’s Religion Explained (2001)

  • Religion Provides Explanations

    • People created religion to explain puzzling natural phenomena

    • Religion explains puzzling experiences: dreams, prescience, etc

    • Religion explains the origins of things

    • Religion explains why there is evil and suffering

Need of religion deen1
Need of Religion/Deen

  • Religion provides comfort

    • Religious explanations make mortality less unbearable

    • Religion allays anxiety and makes for a comfortable world

Need of religion deen2
Need of Religion/Deen

  • Religion provides social order

    • Religion holds society together

    • Religion perpetuates a particular social order

    • Religion supports morality

Need of religion
Need of Religion

  • All civilizations have its Religions

  • Great civilizations are not died, they attempt suicide

  • Any social system requires religion

  • Science and Religion

  • Good & Bad given by Religion

  • Guidance to Wisdom

  • Religion as Change Agent for Natural, Spiritual, social needs


  • Universal peace v/s materialistic development (survival of the fittest is questioned)

  • Life after death – possibility only in religion

  • Accountability here and in life after death

  • Religion for Social Correction

  • Religion as Panacea

Liberal arguments for need of deen religion
Liberal Arguments for need of Deen /Religion

  • August Comte

    • Theological (Religion)

    • Metaphysical (Philosophy and Psychology)

    • Positive Stage (Science)

  • Napoleon says “It has kept the poor murdering the rich”

  • Supernatural hope in dooms hopes (Imam Jaffar RA)

  • When humans are unknowing and confused they make theories in order to solve things. theories are usually proven false and it takes generations to believe the proof

  • Heaven and utopia are buckets in a well if one goes up other goes down

  • Religion Rich in Miracle system and myths is needed


Religion is a cognitive approach

  • People are superstitious; they will believe anything

  • Religious concepts are irrefutable and Refutation is more difficult than belief


  • Even rationalism w/o religion will be blunder

  • As long as there is poverty these will be gods

  • Evolution. Nature -law of nature

  • First force. If events are due to natural cause then what is super natural cause

  • God is a beautiful idealization of human wishes

A thought
A thought !

  • Is religion possible without GOD ?

  • Is religion a cause to recognize the GOD

  • Will religion end when human beings will reach at Heaven or Hell

  • Hazrat Ali (RA) said

    “Mein nyapnyKhudakoapnyeradon k totnysypahchana”

    ( I recognized my God , when my intentions doomed)