What are we going to do? What does separate mean? Separate means __________.

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# What are we going to do? What does separate mean? Separate means __________. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Learning Objective. We will separate 1 items in a series. What are we going to do? What does separate mean? Separate means __________. CFU. Activate Prior Knowledge. On your whiteboards, make a list of your three favorite foods. pizza. blueberries. hotdogs.

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Presentation Transcript

Learning Objective

We will separate1 items in a series.

What are we going to do?

What does separate mean?

Separate means __________.

CFU

Activate Prior Knowledge

pizza

blueberries

hotdogs

Students, when you make a simple list of items, you can write them in rows or columns. However, when you list items in a sentence (e.g., I like pizza, blueberries, and hotdogs.), you need to use punctuation to separate each item. The items in this list are called “items in a series.” Now, we will separate items in a series.

Make Connection

1 break up, go between

Vocabulary

Concept Development 1

• A seriesis a list of three or more similar things in one sentence.
• The word “and” is found before the last item in a series.

Punctuation with Series

,

;

Commas and semicolons are used to separate items in a series.

• A comma goes between each item in a series and before the word “and.”
• A semicolon goes between items in a series that already contain a comma.

comma

semicolon

CFU 1

Which is an example of a series? How do you know? “_______ is a series because ______.”

B mustard and mayonnaise

Give me an example of a series.

In your own words, how do you know when to use a semicolon? “We use a semicolon when ________.”

Go to

Skill Dev 1

Separate Items in a Series

Animation on Slide

Juan ate two apples three pancakes and one egg for breakfast.

Marius went to Seattle, Washington Reno, Nevada and Salt Lake City, Utah.

NOT items in a series

I had toast and orange juice.

I live in Fresno, California.

Concept Development 2

• A seriesis a list of three or more similar things in one sentence.
• The word “and” is found before the last item in a series.

Punctuation with Series

,

;

Commas and semicolons are used to separate items in a series.

• A comma goes between each item in a series and before the word “and.”

comma

semicolon

CFU 2

In your own words, how do you know when to use a comma? “We use a comma when ________.”

In your own words, how do you know when to use a semicolon? “We use a semicolon when ________.”

• A sentence can contain more than one series.
• A semicolon goes between each phrase2 that contains a series.

Go to

Skill Dev 2

Separate Items in a Sentence with More than One Series

Animation on Slide

Rosa put the apples bananas and pears on the counter the flour sugar and pasta in the pantry and the eggs bacon and milk in the refrigerator.

Series separated by semicolons

2 group of words

Vocabulary

Skill Development/Guided Practice 1

A seriesis a list of three or more similar things in one sentence.

Commas and semicolons are used to separateitems in a series.

• A comma goes between each item in the series and before the word “and.”

• A semicolon goes between items in a series that already contain a comma.

Punctuation with Series

,

;

How did I/you identify the series?

How did I/you know how to separate the items in a series?

CFU

comma

semicolon

Separate items in a series.

2

Identify3 the series. (underline) Hint: A list of three or more similar things

Separate the items in the series with the correct punctuation. (write)

1

2

3

3

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,

1. My teacher taught us about fractions decimals and percents.

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2. We also learned about area perimeter and volume.

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3. Parallel lines line segments and rays are important figures in geometry.

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4. Right triangles rectangular prisms and squares all have right angles.

3 find (synonym)

Vocabulary

Skill Development/Guided Practice 1 (continued)

Punctuation with Series

A seriesis a list of three or more similar things in one sentence.

Commas and semicolons are used to separateitems in a series.

• A comma goes between each item in the series and before the word “and.”

• A semicolon goes between items in a series that already contain a comma.

,

;

comma

semicolon

How did I/you identify the series?

How did I/you know how to separate the items in a series?

CFU

Separate items in a series.

2

Identify3 the series. (underline) Hint: A list of three or more similar things

Separate the items in the series with the correct punctuation mark. (write)

1

2

3

3

Back to

Concept Dev 2

5. Jennifer found some old newspapers dated September 15, 1981 July 25, 1974

and June 5, 1956.

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6. Over the next decade, a solar eclipse will be visible from the U.S. on October

23, 2014 August 21, 2017 and October 14, 2023.

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7. Foodies magazine listed the tastiest cities in Europe as Paris, France Rome,

;

8. The top three American cities competing to host the 2024 Summer

Olympics are Houston, Texas Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Boston,

Massachusetts.

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3 find (synonym)

Vocabulary

Application

Write a sentence using punctuation to separate items in a series.T: _______________________________________________________________S: _______________________________________________________________

English uses many words from Latin, Greek, and French.

Skill Development/Guided Practice 2

• A seriesis a list of three or more similar things in one sentence.
• Commas and semicolons are used to separateitems in a series.
• • A comma goes between each item in the series and before the word “and.”
• A semicolon goes between each phrase that contains a series.

Punctuation with Series

,

;

comma

semicolon

How did I/you identify the series?

How did I/you know how to separate the items in a series?

How did I/you know how to separate each series?

CFU

Separate items in a series.

2

Identify the series. (underline) Hint: A list of three or more similar things

Separate the items in the series with the correct punctuation. (write)

Separate each series with the correct punctuation, if more than one series. (write)

Hint: Place the punctuation after each phrase.

1

2

3

4

3

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,

1. Mr. Harris put Adrian Juanita and Emilio on the blue team Pearl Solomon and

Ryan on the red team and Bridget Joe and Dean on the green team.

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4

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2. Some of the more prominent Native American tribes were the Powhatan

Cherokee and Seminole living in the East the Sioux Cheyenne and Pawnee

living in the Central U.S. and the Navajo Pueblo and Apache living in the West.

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;

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3. A great variety of animals can be found all over the world, from the blue whale

hammerhead shark and hermit crab in the ocean the polar bear snowy owl

and arctic fox in the tundra4 to the painted turtle northern watersnake and green

heron in the wetlands.

,

,

,

;

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;

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4. My mom went shopping and bought a shirt new shoes and a pair of jeans for me

a toy car a book and a hat for my little brother and a coloring book colored pencils

and crayons for my sister.

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4 the large flat areas of land in north

Russia, Canada, etc., where it is

very cold and there are no trees

Vocabulary

Application

Which sentence contains items in a series that need punctuation?

A I saw a great white heron and panther on my trip to the Florida Everglades.

B We saw a manatee heron and panther on my trip to the Florida Everglades.

Relevance

• A seriesis a list of three or more similar things in one sentence.
• Commas and semicolons are used to separateitems in a series.
• • A comma goes between each item in the series and before the word “and.”
• • A semicolon goes between items in a series that already contain a comma.
• A semicolon goes between each phrase that contains a series.

1

Sample Test Question:

32. Identify if the sentence needs commas and/or semicolons to punctuate

a series.

A Jade loves horse-back riding and jogging.

B Isaac will be gone Monday Tuesday

and Wednesday.

C The Chicago White Sox won the World

Series on October 14, 1906 October 15,

1917 and October 26, 2005.

Separating items in a series will help you do well on tests.

2

Does anyone else have another reason why it is relevant to separate items in a series? (Pair-Share) Why is it relevant to separate items in a series? You may give one of my reasons or one of your own. Which reason is more relevant to you? Why?

CFU

Yes No

Yes No

Yes No

• Commas and semicolons are used to separateitems in a series.
• • A comma goes between each item in the series and before the word “and.”
• • A semicolon goes between items in a series that already contain a comma.
• A semicolon goes between each phrase that contains a series.

Punctuation with Series

,

;

comma

semicolon

Separate items in a series.

Identify the series. (underline) Hint: A list of three or more similar things

Separate the items in the series with the correct punctuation. (write)

Separate each series with the correct punctuation, if more than one series. (write)

Hint: Place the punctuation after each phrase.

Skill Closure

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4

Word Bank

separate

identify

series

item

phrase

comma

semicolon

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,

1. My brothers’ birthdays are June 11 August 15 and November 24.

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2. My brothers’ birthdays are June 11, 1999 August 15, 2005 and November 24, 2008.

Access Common Core

Why did Taylor not put a comma or semicolon in the sentence below? Explain your answer.

________________________________________________________

Taylor did not put a comma or semicolon because the sentence does not contain a series.

Summary Closure

What did you learn today about separating items in a series? (Pair-Share)

Use words from the word bank.

Independent Practice

Punctuation with Series

• A seriesis a list of three or more similar things in one sentence.
• Commas and semicolons are used to separateitems in a series.
• • A comma goes between each item in the series and before the word “and.”
• • A semicolon goes between items in a series that already contain a comma.
• A semicolon goes between each phrase that contains a series.

,

;

comma

semicolon

Separate items in a series.

Identify the series. (underline) Hint: A list of three or more similar things

Separate the items in the series with the correct punctuation. (write)

Separate each series with the correct punctuation, if more than one series. (write)

Hint: Place the punctuation after each phrase.

1

2

3

4

,

,

1. Hydrogen helium and oxygen are the most abundant elements in the universe.

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2. Meteor showers can be seen every year on January 3 April 21 and May 4.

3. Americans landed on the moon on July 20, 1969 April 21, 1972 and December

12, 1972.

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4. Over 400 men 40 women and three monkeys have gone into space.

Independent Practice (continued)

Punctuation with Series

• A series is a list of three or more similar things in one sentence.
• Commas and semicolons are used to separate items in a series.
• • A comma goes between each item in the series and before the word “and.”
• • A semicolon goes between items in a series that already contain a comma.
• A semicolon goes between each phrase that contains a series.

,

;

comma

semicolon

Separate items in a series.

Identify the series. (underline) Hint: A list of three or more similar things

Separate the items in the series with the correct punctuation. (write)

Separate each series with the correct punctuation, if more than one series. (write)

Hint: Place the punctuation after each phrase.

1

2

3

4

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,

5. The United States has many natural resources, including fruits vegetables and

lumber in the West wheat soybeans and wind energy in the Midwest and coal

granite and natural gas in the East.

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6. The best cities in the United States for solar energy are Albuquerque, New Mexico

El Paso, Texas and Phoenix, Arizona.

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Application

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,

Write a sentence using punctuation to separate items in a series.

____________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

7. Thomas Jefferson Benjamin Franklin and John Adams are just a few of the

signers of the Declaration of Independence.

8. Some important dates of the American Revolution are the Boston Tea Party of

December 16, 1773 the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776 and

the Battle of Yorktown on October 19, 1781.

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;

Periodic Review 1

Punctuation with Series

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2. Pages 5 7 19 and 36 have information on sloths.

comma

semicolon

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3. Sloths live in trees move very slowly and have only three toes.

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4. RittoRit and Ridette are names for sloths taken from tribes in Ecuador meaning sleep eat and dirty.

5. The only sloth sanctuaries in the world are located in Limon, Costa Rica Monteverde, Costa Rica and Ilheus,

Brazil.

;

;

Access Common Core

Identify if the sentence needs commas and/or semicolons to punctuate a series.

Rewrite the sentence with the correct punctuation.

1. The giant anteaters African elephants and zebras are my favorite exhibits at the zoo.

2. My mom was born on October 1, 1972 graduated from college on June 1, 1994 and

married on April 2, 1998.

Yes No

Yes No

Yes No

Yes No

4. I saw Holly Mr. Kang and Gavin at the mall.

The giant anteaters, African elephants, and zebras are my favorite exhibits at the zoo.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

My mom was born on October 1, 1972; graduated from college on June 1, 1994; and married on April 2, 1998.

I saw Holly, Mr. Kang, and Gavin at the mall.

Periodic Review 2

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Punctuation with Series

1. “I want to thank you all for coming to my 60th birthday party, especially Uncle John

Uncle David and Aunt Patricia,” my grandmother said.

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;

2. Each birthday marks an important date in my life, but none more important than January 10, 1979 October 2, 1981 and November 28, 1984. That is when my three boys and three greatest joys were born.

comma

semicolon

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3. And while I enjoy the time I have gardening painting traveling and playing tennis, it is these family gatherings that still bring me the greatest happiness.

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4. May your life forever be full of love light and laughter.

Access Common Core

Write the correct punctuation to separate any items and/or series in the paragraph.

I just had the most amazing vacation. My family and I traveled to Asia this summer! We went to Hong Kong, China Tokyo, Japan and Agra, India. India was my favorite. We saw the beautiful architecture gardens and jewels of the Taj Mahal the tigers cobras and Indian elephants at the wildlife reserves and the statues shrines and waterfalls of the temples. My brother liked Hong Kong the best. We had so much good food there! We ate hot and sour soup mooncakes and shark’s fin. I didn’t particularly like the shark’s fin, though. Even though our time in Tokyo was the shortest, we still had a wonderful time. We saw the skyscrapers walked through the food markets and rode the bullet train. 123 words

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Periodic Review 3

Punctuation with Series

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1. Last summer, Ashlinn read The Black Stallion The Secret Garden and Tuck Everlasting.

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comma

semicolon

2. I have always wanted to travel to Orlando, Florida Dallas, Texas and La Paz, Mexico.

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3. Sadie put her green blue and purple socks to the left her orange yellow and red socks in the middle and her white black and brown socks to the right.

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Access Common Core

Write a sentence about at least three things you are wearing. Use correct punctuation.

I am wearing a jacket, sweater, and gloves.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Write a sentence about three places you would like to go on vacation. Use correct punctuation.

I would like to go on vacation to Austin, Texas; Cancun, Mexico; and Paris, France.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Write a sentence about what you ate for breakfast, lunch, and dinner yesterday. Use correct punctuation.

Yesterday, I ate cereal for breakfast, a turkey sandwich for lunch, and shrimp tacos for dinner.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Go to the following website for using commas in a series activity:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/game/en29punc-game-going-to-work-with-commas

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