Theories of Teaching and Learning D. C . Phillips. Theories of teaching Theories of learning. Bruce Joyce “ Model of teaching” : “The model of teaching described in this book come from beliefs about the nature of human beings and how they learn.”
D. C. Phillips
Theories of learning
“Model of teaching”:
“The model of teaching described in this book come from beliefs about the nature of human beings and how they learn.”
NRC(National Research Council)
“advances in research on human cognition, development and learning”
as ideally driving educational practice.
There are two complexities about relationship between Teaching and Learning:
Classic Theories(Plato, Locke, Rousseau, Dewey,…)
Contemporary Theories(skinner, Watson,piager...)
Socrates‘own understanding of the function of what we call elenchus or elenctic
Simple ideas combined in various ways
The book Emile (1762) stands as the foundation stone of the modern progressive education movement.
Let him not learn science but discover it.
Philosophy as “general theory of education”:
on the basis of his biological, experimental approach to epistemology that he advocated the use of activity and discovery methods and projects in the classroom.
There are close contact between Dewey’s work and two extremely influential models of teaching:
2. Dewey stressed that when teachers attempt to transfer knowledge to student this will be:
“cold storage knowledge”
Unless the student are active in usingit in application ”to their own purpose”
Refers to the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves.
Each learner individually and socially constructs meaning as she/he learns.
John .B. Watson
Skinner: more influenced by work of Thorndike learning in terms of operant conditioning
Student giving the correct response to a question was reinforced by immediately being informed that the answer was correct.
Three main lines of theory and research in the last few decades of the 20th and beginning of 21th
One has been the work on cognitive development inspired initially by Piaget
Second has been the rapid rise of computer science and interdisciplinary field of cognitive science
NasrinNejadMoghadam & NegarPiraie