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24.1 The Call to Arms. Main Idea The secession of the Southern states quickly led to armed conflict between the North and the South. Why It Matters Now The nation’s identity was in part forged by the Civil War. CA. Standards.

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24 1 the call to arms
24.1 The Call to Arms

Main Idea

The secession of the Southern states quickly led to armed conflict between the North and the South.

Why It Matters Now

The nation’s identity was in part forged by the Civil War.

ca standards
CA. Standards
  • 8.10.2 Trace the boundaries constituting the North and the South, the geographical differences between the two regions, and the differences between agrarians and industrialists.

8.10.6 Describe critical developments and events in the war, including the major battles, geographical advantages and obstacles, tech. advances, and General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox.


8.10.7 Explain how the war affected soldiers, civilians, the physical environment, and future warfare.

daily guided questions
Daily Guided Questions
  • Why did each side in the Civil War think the war would be won easily?
  • Why were the Border States important to both sides of the Civil War?
  • How did the military strategies between both forces differ?
kwl chart
KWL Chart
  • Use the KWL chart to assess what you already know about the north and south.
  • Use the prompts to answer the K part of the worksheet. What do you know?
  • After, write down any questions about what you want to know about the unit on the Civil War.
  • Fill in the heading and turn it in.
  • You have 5 minutes.
tale of the tape
Tale of the Tape
  • On the right side use pg. 388 to create bar graphs or pie charts to compare and contrast the resources between the North and South.
  • Use these statistics and make sure to label.
  • Population

-70% of the country’s population lived in the North (20 million).

-30% (10 million) lived in the South, 3.5 million were slaves.


Railroad mileage

-North had twice as many as the South, about 2/3.

  • Factory Production

-Out of the 130,000 factories, 110,000 were in the North. About 85%.

taking sides in the war
Taking Sides in the War
  • After Lincoln’s election to the Presidency, Southern states secede.
  • Ft. Sumter, first battle of the Civil War.

-Lincoln recognizes rebellion.

-asks for 75,000 troops.

more states secede
More States Secede
  • Four more states secede.

- “Won’t send troops to fight our southern brothers.”

-Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Virginia.

  • Northern counties of Virginia didn’t want to secede, split.
  • West Virginia created.
the border states
The Border States
  • Slave states that did not want to secede.

-Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia.

-Wanted to stay neutral (not picking sides).

-Vital transportation lines and resources in those states.

-Washington D.C.

-Under martial law.

southern advantages
Southern Advantages
  • Fighting on their home turf.
  • Strong military leaders.
northern advantages
Northern Advantages
  • Industry
  • Railroad
  • Farmland

-Not just cotton

  • Population

-2/3 of pop.

-1/3 of South’s pop. were slaves.

north s anaconda plan
North’s Anaconda Plan
  • Naval Blockade

-block important seaports.

  • Gain control of Mississippi River

-cut the south in half

  • Invade Confederate capital of Richmond, VA.
south s plan
South’s Plan
  • Wait it out.
  • Sought European aid.

-Supplied cotton for their mills.

first battle of bull run manassas
First Battle of Bull Run/Manassas
  • To take Richmond, VA. (Confederate capital).

-July 21, 1861, Union troops clashed with Confederate troops 25 miles from D.C.

-Union were winning, but the South begun a rallying cry, “Look there’s Jackson, standing like a stonewall.”

-Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson.

-North panics and loses.

-Proves that war will be long.

civil war map and study guide pg 173
Civil War Map and Study Guide pg. 173
  • Use the map on pg. 387 and A-2 to complete your Civil War map.
  • Copy and complete the study guide on pg. 173
  • Use your notes or textbook on pg. 386-391 to complete it.