real broadband real growth l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Real broadband, real growth PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Real broadband, real growth

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 28

Real broadband, real growth - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 81 Views
  • Uploaded on

Real broadband, real growth. Dirk van der Woude Ontwikkelingsbedrijf Gemeente Amsterdam. Effect of infrastructure…. …like that of the British steam railways… 1838 Netherlands: choice between speed barges or steam…. Fiber?. And WiFi was important too…. 1792 Lille => Paris: 15 stations

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Real broadband, real growth' - luka


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
real broadband real growth

Real broadband, real growth

Dirk van der Woude

Ontwikkelingsbedrijf Gemeente Amsterdam

effect of infrastructure
Effect of infrastructure…
  • …like that of the British steam railways…
  • 1838 Netherlands: choice between speed barges or steam…
and wifi was important too
And WiFi was important too…
  • 1792
  • Lille => Paris:
  • 15 stations
  • 36 characters in 32 minutes
  • all records broken, huge success
  • And up to 1848 cause for the French to forgo investing into a copper telegraphe network
slide5

http://www.generation-nt.com/actualites/25551/carte-fibre-optique-paris-couverture/http://www.generation-nt.com/actualites/25551/carte-fibre-optique-paris-couverture/

each industrial revolution is underpinned by new infrastructure
Each industrial revolution is underpinned by new infrastructure

GLOBAL DIGITAL TELE-COMMUNICATIONS AND

ICT SUPPORT NETWORKS

THE AGE OF INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGY

1971

THE AGE OF OIL, THE AUTOMOBILE,

PETROCHEMICALS

AND MASS PRODUCTION

1908

ELECTRICITY, TELEPHONE, HIGHWAYS AND AIRWAYS

1875

TRANSCONTINENTAL COMMUNICATIONS, STEAMSHIPS, RAILWAYS AND TELEGRAPH

THE AGE OF STEEL ELECTRICITY AND HEAVY ENGINEERING

1829

RAILWAYS, PENNY POST AND TELEGRAPH

THE AGE OF RAILWAYS, COAL AND THE STEAM ENGINE

THE “INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION” IN ENGLAND

1771

CANALS, TURNPIKE ROADS AND MAIL COACHES

Source: Carlota Pérez

old shoes are nice some are quite old

1971

1908

1875

1829

1771

Old shoes are nice (some are quite old…)

Optical chip throughput: 1,6 Tbs(april 2006)

Fiber speed: 8 Gb/s over 30,000 km(march 2006)

First trans atlantic fiber (1988), First usable fiber optic cable (1970)

First TV Transmission through coax

Berlin Games (1934); First pilot in USA, AT&T (1936)

Coaxial cable patented in GermanyErnst Werner von Siemens (1884)

First demonstration of electric telephone

Antonio Santi Giuseppe Meucci (Havana 1849, NewYork 1854)

Semaphore

(portable version: Napoleon Bonaparte, 1802)

imagine a world without having the age of steam
Imagine a world without having the age of steam…
  • So let us be thankful for copper and coax!
  • however…
1999 2001 awareness amsterdam
1999 - 2001: awareness Amsterdam
  • Can we be sure copper & cox networks are future proof
    • Practical speed
    • Parallel use (video)
  • Not able to sustain the city’s economic & social needs
    • Like continuing strong old and new media & ICT sector
    • Like citizens overwhelming web use (2006: > 85%)
  • “Living at a dirt road? Don’t buy a Ferrari”
    • Services follow infrastructure
    • Creative sector & citizens will find out use
    • Local government facilitates
  • Time for new network?
amsterdam internet exchange growth
Amsterdam internet exchange: growth

Worldwide peak speed records:

July ‘05: > 50 Gb/s

October ’05: > 100 Gb/s

May ’06: > 154 Gb/s

June’07: > 282 Gb/s

vdsl2 laboratory conditions
VDSL2 – laboratory conditions

http://www.lightreading.com/document.asp?doc_id=93103&page_number=4

  • And of course there is this ‘contention’ thing…
shared capacity
Shared capacity…
  • So:
  • Better live next
  • to the central office…
  • And of course still thereis this ‘contention’ thing…
  • Parallel speed? Ams-IX per sub:UPC 40 kbitsEssent: 60 kbitsXS4All: 67 kbits

xDSL

8 - 14

Mb/s

down,

0.7 – 0.8

Mb/s

up

Leaves for web use: ? Mb

Two phones: 2 x 0,2 Mb

IP TV

SD low = 3 to 4 Mb

SD normal = 4 to 6 Mb

HD low = 8 to 12 Mb

HD = 18 to 20 Mb

http://www.ams-ix.net/connected/?expanded=1

first user test of amsterdam ftth
First user test of Amsterdam FttH
  • Advertised speed: 100 Mb up, 100 Mb down
  • In practice (first days): 88 Mb down
ftth elsewhere in europe just a pick 1
FttH, elsewhere in Europejust a pick (1)
  • France, the battle for & around Paris
    • Iliad: 1 million FttH at 1 billion Euro investment (City of Paris supporting)
    • Neuf Cegetel: in 2009 we want 250,000 FttH (50 Mbits) at euro 29,90
    • France Telecom, 2007: FttH (100/10 Mbits at euro 44,90) in Paris, Poitiers, Marseille, Lille, Toulouse & Lyon. Target: 200,000 subs end 2008
    • Noos Numericable, march 2007: “Massive investment towards FttH”
    • over 100 broadband projects France with communal participation
    • Nov. 2006, French government: 4 million FttH in 2012
  • Germany: competitive teleco’s announcing FttH
    • f.e. NetCologne: all of Cologne, to be followed by Bonn, Aachen?(NetCologne = 100% GEW Köln AG = 100% City of Cologne)
    • Other projects in Schwerte, Norderstedt, Hamburg, Gelsenkirchen, Dessau, Magdeburg
ftth elsewhere in europe just a pick 2
FttH, elsewhere in Europejust a pick (2)
  • Vienna, Zürich (muni energy corp’s):
    • FttH in whole city
  • Norway: Hafslund energi (53% owned by City of Oslo)
    • FttH to half of Norwegian population
  • Sweden:
    • 200 of 289 communities own a fiber network
  • Denmark: energy corps doing FttH
    • 2008 – 2009 to 35% of homes (= 50% of population)
  • UK:
    • Oxfordshire project, part FttH (?), part Fiber/VDSL
    • Rest of UK, according to BT & DSG: “12/1 Mb is enough for all & ever.” “No fiber please, we ‘re British”
    • However, Ofcom report march 2007: “Last mile will have to be fiber”
hauts de seine 700 000 connections
Hauts-de-Seine: 700,000 connections
  • Western part of Greater Paris
    • pop. 1.5 million, 100.000 SME’s, 880.000 jobs, 85% in services
    • Per capita highest income of France
  • 2005, adoption of proposal by the Chairman of the Conseil General
    • FttH to all population and companies
    • With a maximum subsidy of euro 70 million
  • Said Sarkozy: “Copper is not gonna cut it, we need fiber”
three layers three types of investors 40 000 homes passed now more than 450 000 later on
Three layers, three types of investors40,000 homes passed now – more than 450,000 later on

consumer/

SME

Service providers

100% market

Wholesale transmission provider

100% market

Rent

Rent

Passive access network provider

20% municipal

three kinds of financial dynamics 40 000 homes passed now more than 450 000 later on
Three kinds of financial dynamics40,000 homes passed now – more than 450,000 later on

Services

High OpEx, Low CapEx

Quickly profitable

Transmission

Attractive OpEx, acceptable CapEx – profitable in few years

Passive network

Real estate like investment

(Highly?) Profitable on long term

fiber from the home 40 000 meter boxes 10 of amsterdam
Fiber-from-the-Home 40,000 meter boxes, 10% of Amsterdam

Boroughs of Zeeburg (100%),

Oost (part)

& Osdorp (part)

architecture 1
Architecture (1)
  • three-layer model
    • Passive fibre infrastructure: Point-to-Point
      • Unbundled local loop of fiber = maximum competition at upstream level in value chain
      • Largest capacity for future growth
    • Active layer: Active Ethernet
    • Applications services layer, Service providers are being offered transparent access:
      • with discrete virtual LANs (VLANs) for each service on a per user basis
      • allowing multiple services to be delivered and invoiced to each home in parallel (i.e. multiple ISP’s, Citywide Intranet, closed circuit IP-based surveillance, IP-TV, care and medical services etc.)
architecture 2
Architecture (2)
  • Open network
    • Concession of 8 years for operator/investor, after that more operators possible
    • Operator is non discriminatory wholesale seller of capacity
  • Why not x-PON
    • Avert risk of having to (expensive) re-digging
      • Labor costs dominate, will rise with inflation
    • Short distances, so savings on cost of material (fiber) are small
    • No lock-in of equipment supplier which stifles innovation
      • Impossible to have different technology/supplier per subscriber line
vragen

www.glasvezelamsterdam.nl

&

www.citynet.nl

Vragen?