Ch. 3 Migration . KI 1: Why do People migrate?. Some Key Terms:. Migration - a permanent move to a new location Always involves two-way connections Emigration - migration from a location Immigration - migration to a location
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KI 1: Why do People migrate?
Most people migrate for economic reasons
Cultural and environmental factors also induce migration
Push factor- induces people to move out of their present location
Pull factor- induces people to move into a new location
Push/pull factors can be economic, cultural, and environmental
Often job opportunities vary between countries in same region (ie. Mexico and U.S.)
U.S. and Canada have been main destinations of economic migrants (from Europe in 19th Century, Latin America Now)
People are pushed away from physically hazardous regions
Many people are pulled towards mountains (rocky mts), seasides (FL), and warmer climates (FL, its amazing)
Water is very common environmental push factor (too little—dust bowl; too much—Katrina)
Floodplain—the area subject to flooding during a specific number of years
Lack of water: People were pushed from their land in Oklahoma and adjacent states in the 1930s drought known as the Dust Bowl.
Wide spread flooding in New Orleans caused roughly 1,400 deaths and forced thousands more from their homes.
An environmental or cultural feature that hinders migration
For most of history, have been environment (Oceans, mts, etc.)
Globalization and transportation improvements have diminished environmental features that act as intervening obstacles
Government and politics is more of an obstacle now (ex. Needing a passport)
Most migrants relocate a short distance and remain within the same country
Long-distance migrants head for major centers of economic activity
International vs. Internal Migration (country to country—within one country)
Interregional vs. Intraregional (region to region—within one region)
Most long-distance migrants are male
Most long-distance migrants are also individual adults rather than families
Many long distance migrants are looking for work… shift from male dominated migration to more balanced as more women join the work force
About 40% of immigrants to U.S. are between ages of 25-39