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RENAISSANCE

“The Rebirth”


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Domencio del Ghirlandaio

A man with his grandchild

Oil on panel, 1489-90


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The Medici

Family



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Fra Angelico (Guido di Pietro de Mugello)

He was a Dominican monk and all his art was religious. He preferred a pattern of rhythmic lines and of bright, harmonious colors.

The Annunciation

Fresco in cell no. 3

Monastery in San Marco,

Florence


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Fra Angelico

Annunciation

Fresco

1440-45


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Fra Angelico

The Annunciation

Fresco


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Fra Angelico

Flight into Egypt


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Fra Angelico.

The Adoration of the Magi

1445

National Gallery of Art,

Washington


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Fra Angelico

The Sermon on the Mount

Fresco


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Fra Angelico

Depostion

Fra Angelico

St. Dominic Adoring the Crucifixion


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Fra Angelico.

Deposition

Museo di San Marco

Florence, 1440


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Fra Angelico

Noli Me Tangere

Fresco

Fra Angelico.

Angel

1433: Museo di San Marco

Florence


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Fra Angelico

Crowning of The Virgin Mary

Fresco


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Fra Filippo Lippi

He represents the sentimental trend in Florentine painting consisting mainly of chronicles of contemporary life. He was the exact antithesis of Fra Angelico - claimed himself as only flesh and blood.


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Fra Filippo Lippi

Madonna and Child

with Angels

Tempera on wood

1455


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Sandro Boticelli

(Alessandro Filippi)

1444-1510

  • One of the most popular of the

  • Renaissance artists, he was classed

  • with the sentimental, devotional group

  • and also learned from the scientists.

  • Boticelli’s painting was revolutionary for its time, being

  • the first large scale Renaissance painting with an

  • exclusively secular and mythological subject.


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Sandro Botticelli

Primavera, 1482

Tempera on canvas 6’8” x 10’ 4”


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Sandro Botticelli

Primavera, 1482

Tempera on canvas 6’8” x 10’ 4”


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Sandro Botticelli

Primavera, 1482

Tempera on canvas 6’8” x 10’ 4”


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Sandro Botticelli

The Birth of Venus, 1482

Tempera on canvas 5’ 8” x 9’ 1”


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Sandro Botticelli

Madonna and Child


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Paolo Uccello

(Paolo Di Dono)

1397-1475

  • He was called Ucello because of his love for animals which he sketched tirelessly (ucello is Italian for “bird”)

  • He made a scientific study of the perspective in search of the geometric and mathematical laws on nature.

  • He was noted for his extreme use of foreshortening.


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Paolo Uccello.

St. George & the Dragon

1460


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Paolo Uccello.

The Hunt in the Forest.

1460s: Ashmolean Museum, Oxford


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Paolo Uccello.

The Three Paintings of the Battle of San Romano:

Niccolò da Tolentino Leads the Florentine Troops.


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Paolo Uccello.

The Three Paintings of the Battle of San Romano:

Bernardino della Ciarda Thrown Off His Horse.


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Paolo Uccello.

The Three Paintings of the Battle of San Romano:

Micheletto da Cotignola Engages in Battle.


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HIGH RENAISSANCE

HIGH RENAISSANCE

End of 15th century,

Beginning of 16th century


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Leonardo da Vinci

1452-1519

  • Florentine artist and thinker,

  • one of the greatest Renaissance painters

  • and perhaps the most versatile genius

  • who has ever lived.

  • He was author, philosopher, scientist, anatomist,

  • engineer, painter, sculptor, architect, naturalist, metal

  • worker, inventor, musician, designer of firearms,

  • mechanical and structural engineer, physicist, and

  • geologist.

  • His many drawings, combining scientific precision with

  • intense imaginative power, reflect the extraordinary

  • breadth of his interest ranging over biology, physiology,

  • hydraulics, and aeronautics.


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Leonardo da Vinci

1452-1519

He used sfumato, a modeling technique which consisted of blurring sharp outlines with subtle, tonal gradations imparting a mysterious and enigmatic quality, hinting at a subject’s spiritual dimension.

He also practiced tenebrism a term derived from

Italian tenebroso (obscure) to describe the use of a very dark, overall tonality of painting.


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Leonardo da Vinci

Mona Lisa

Oil on Panel

30 ¼” x 21”

1503-6


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Leonard da Vinci

The Last Supper

Fresco, 1495-1498


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Leonardo da Vinci

The Virgin and Child

with St. Anne

and the Infant St. John

Charcoal heightened

with white

on brown paper

54” x 39”

1498


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Leonardi di ser Piero da Vinci

The Virgin, The Child Jesus and

Saint Anne

Oil


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Leonardo Da Vinci.

Adoration of the Magi

1481-82: Oil on panel,

246 x 243 cm

Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


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Leonardo Da Vinci.

Annunciation

1470


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Michelangelo di Buonarotti

1775-1564

  • He was a sculptor, painter,

  • architect, engineer and poet.

  • Michelangelo was one of the

  • greatest figures of the

  • Renaissance.

  • He was the archetypal tormented genius who was rarely satisfied with his enormous talent.

  • In painting and sculpture his means of expression was limited almost entirely to portraying the male nude, but his massive influence remains undiminished since his death.

  • He created a style which laid the foundation for Baroque – Mannerism.




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Michelangelo

The Creation of Adam

Fresco

1508-12


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Michelangelo

The Creation of Eve

Fresco, Ceiling of Sistine Chapel


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Michelangelo

The Expulsion from the Garden

Fresco, Ceiling of Sistine Chapel


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Michelangelo

Sacrifice of Noah

Fresco, Sistine Chapel, 1482

3.48 x 5.70 m


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Michelangelo

The Deluge (The Flood)

Fresco, Ceiling of Sistine Chapel


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Michelangelo

Drunkenness of Noah

Fresco, Ceiling of Sistine Chapel


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Michelangelo

Judith and Holofernes

Fresco, Ceiling of Sistine Chapel

Michelangelo

David and Goliath

Fresco, Ceiling of Sistine Chapel


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Michelangelo

Josias Jechonias Salathiel

Lunette and Spandrel

Fresco, Ceiling of Sistine Chapel


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Michelangelo

The Naason Lunette

Fresco, Ceiling of Sistine Chapel


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Michelangelo

The Prophet Jeremiah

Fresco, Ceiling of Sistine Chapel

Michelangelo

The Prophet Ezekiel

Fresco, Ceiling of Sistine Chapel


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Michelangelo

The Last Judgement

Fresco, Sistine Chapel


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Michelangelo

The Last Judgement

Fresco, Sistine Chapel


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Michelangelo

Detail of Christ

The Last Judgement

Fresco, Sistine Chapel



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Sandro Boticelli

Episodes from the life of Moses

Fresco, Sistine Chapel


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Pietro Perugino

Delivery of the Keys to Saint Peter

Fresco, Sistine Chapel, 1482

3.48 x 5.70 m


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Domenico Ghirlandaio

The Vocation of St. Peter and St. Andrew

Fresco, Sistine Chapel


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Luca Signorelli

The Last Days of Moses

Fresco, Sistine Chapel


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influences of Siennese line and pattern, sweetness of facial expression and fondness of space modified by Florentine realism.

Raphael

(Raffaello Sanzio)

1483-1520

  • He was master of composition with high, illustrative ability.

  • He practiced eclecticism – the practice of selecting different styles, characteristics or features from various artists and combining them.


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Raphael

Madonna della Sedia

(Madonna of the Chair)

Oil on wood

1515-16

Raphael

Virgin and Child

With the young St. John

1507


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Raphael

“La Belle Jardiniere”

The Virgin and Child

with St. John

Fresco


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Raphael

The Sistine Madonna

Oil on canvas

106” x 79”

1513


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Raphael

Sistine Madonna

oil on canvas

height 8’8 1/2”


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Raphael

Sistine Madonna

oil on canvas

height 8’8 1/2”


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Raphael

The Veiled Woman

“Fornarina”

1516


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Raphael

The School of Athens, 1509-1511

Fresco


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Raphael

The School of Athens, 1509-1511

Fresco


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Raphael

The School of Athens, 1509-1511

Fresco


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Raphael

The School of Athens, 1509-1511

Fresco


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Raphael

The Dispute of the Sacrament

Fresco


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Andrea Mantegna(1431-1506)

  • From Padua

  • He became one of the most influential painters born and working outside of Florence.

  • Donatello greatly stimulated and influenced his art.

  • Mantegna had fully absorbed Donatello’s Florentine linear-perspective system, which he pushed to the limits with experiments in radical perspective views and the forshortening of figures.

  • He’s mature style is characterized by the virtuosity of his use of perspective, his skillful integration of pictures into their setting, and his love of individualization and naturalistic details.


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Andrea Mantegna

The Dead Christ

Tempera on canvas, 26” x 31”, 1501


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In The Ducal Palace at Mantua, he performed triumphant feat of PICTORIAL ILLUSIONISM

Mantegna

Camera Picta

“Painted Room”

Ducal Palace


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Andrea Mantegna of

Illusionistic balcony

with women and putti

ceiling of Camera degli Sposi

(room of the married couple)

Ducal Palace


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Andrea Mantegna of

Gonzaga Family

wall of the

Camera Picta

Ducal Palace


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Andrea Mantegna of

The Crucifixion


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