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Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia

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  1. Mesopotamia “Land between the Rivers””

  2. The Ancient Fertile Crescent “The Cradle of Civilization”

  3. Ziggurat at Ur • c. 2100-2000 BCE • Temple • “Mountain of the Gods”

  4. Ziggurat at Ur (modern day Iraq), c.2100-2000 BCE

  5. Soundbox of a Sumerian lyre (Ur, Iraq), c. 2600 BCEfrom Sumerian Royal Cemetery

  6. Standard of Ur(Ur), c. 2685-2645 BCE Contrast between war and peace/ use of registers to depict a narrative/ discoveries from royal Sumerian graves/ depiction of human figures/ lapis lazuli (Blue Stone)

  7. “War side” of the Standard of Ur

  8. “Peace side” of the Standard of Ur”

  9. War side of the Standard of Ur, from Tomb 779, Royal Cemetery, Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar), Iraq, ca. 2600 BCE. Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone, 8” x 1’ 7”.

  10. Peace side of the Standard of Ur G

  11. Votive Figures (Ur,Iraq), c.2600-2100 BCE Gypsym, Lapis Lazuli

  12. Dying Lioness, Assyrian relief from the Palace of Ashurbanipal (Ninevah, Iraq) c. 650 BCE

  13. Stele with law code of Hammurabi (Susa, Iran), c. 1760 BCE, basalt

  14. use of law to establish a central government (talion law)/ god (Shamash) and ruler linked

  15. Left: Layout of Persepolis Below: Bull Capital Iran c. 518-460 BCE

  16. Royal Audience Hall (apadana) at Persepolis of Darius I (Iran),

  17. Persepolis (apadana in the background), Iran, ca. 521–465 BCE.

  18. Art of the Ancient Near East