230 likes | 436 Views
Mesopotamia. “Land between the Rivers” ”. The Ancient Fertile Crescent. “The Cradle of Civilization”. Ziggurat at Ur. c. 2100-2000 BCE Temple “Mountain of the Gods”. Ziggurat at Ur (modern day Iraq), c.2100-2000 BCE.
E N D
Mesopotamia “Land between the Rivers””
The Ancient Fertile Crescent “The Cradle of Civilization”
Ziggurat at Ur • c. 2100-2000 BCE • Temple • “Mountain of the Gods”
Soundbox of a Sumerian lyre (Ur, Iraq), c. 2600 BCEfrom Sumerian Royal Cemetery
Standard of Ur(Ur), c. 2685-2645 BCE Contrast between war and peace/ use of registers to depict a narrative/ discoveries from royal Sumerian graves/ depiction of human figures/ lapis lazuli (Blue Stone)
War side of the Standard of Ur, from Tomb 779, Royal Cemetery, Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar), Iraq, ca. 2600 BCE. Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone, 8” x 1’ 7”.
Votive Figures (Ur,Iraq), c.2600-2100 BCE Gypsym, Lapis Lazuli
Dying Lioness, Assyrian relief from the Palace of Ashurbanipal (Ninevah, Iraq) c. 650 BCE
use of law to establish a central government (talion law)/ god (Shamash) and ruler linked
Left: Layout of Persepolis Below: Bull Capital Iran c. 518-460 BCE
Royal Audience Hall (apadana) at Persepolis of Darius I (Iran),