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Chapter 29 - Heredity

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  1. Chapter 29 - Heredity Non-traditional Inheritance Genetics Vocabulary Genetic Variation Types of Inheritance Screening and Therapy $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 FINAL ROUND

  2. Genetics Vocabulary:$100 Question • What are DNA segments that contain the genetic blueprints for proteins? • a. Alleles • b. Karyotypes • c. Genes • d. Enzymes ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  3. Genetics Vocabulary:$100 Answer • What are DNA segments that contain the genetic blueprints for proteins? • a. Alleles • b. Karyotypes • c. Genes • d. Enzymes BACK TO GAME

  4. Genetics Vocabulary:$200 Question • What is the complete diploid chromosomal complement displayed in homologous pairs? • a. Karyotype • b. Phenotype • c. Genotype • d. Holotype ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  5. Genetics Vocabulary:$200 Answer • What is the complete diploid chromosomal complement displayed in homologous pairs? • a. Karyotype • b. Phenotype • c. Genotype • d. Holotype BACK TO GAME

  6. Genetics Vocabulary:$300 Question • Matched genes on the same location on homologous chromosomes are __________. • a. autosomes • b. complements • c. arms • d. alleles ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  7. Genetics Vocabulary:$300 Answer • Matched genes on the same location on homologous chromosomes are __________. • a. autosomes • b. complements • c. arms • d. alleles BACK TO GAME

  8. Genetics Vocabulary:$400 Question • What is the complete set of a person’s genes? • a. Phenotype • b. Karyotype • c. Genotype • d. Holotype ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  9. Genetics Vocabulary:$400 Answer • What is the complete set of a person’s genes? • a. Phenotype • b. Karyotype • c. Genotype • d. Holotype BACK TO GAME

  10. Genetics Vocabulary:$500 Question • A person whose genetic makeup includes the gene pair bb is __________. • a. codominant • b. heterozygous • c. homozygous dominant • d. homozygous recessive ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  11. Genetics Vocabulary:$500 Answer • A person whose genetic makeup includes the gene pair bb is __________. • a. codominant • b. heterozygous • c. homozygous dominant • d. homozygous recessive BACK TO GAME

  12. Genetic Variation:$100 Question • Because they are transmitted as a unit to daughter cells, genes on the same chromosome are: • a. linked. • b. crossed over. • c. recombinant. • d. segregated. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  13. Genetic Variation:$100 Answer • Because they are transmitted as a unit to daughter cells, genes on the same chromosome are: • a. linked. • b. crossed over. • c. recombinant. • d. segregated. BACK TO GAME

  14. Genetic Variation:$200 Question • The distribution of two alleles for a trait to different gametes during meiosis I is __________. • a. dissociation • b. segregation • c. exclusion • d. partition ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  15. Genetic Variation:$200 Answer • The distribution of two alleles for a trait to different gametes during meiosis I is __________. • a. dissociation • b. segregation • c. exclusion • d. partition BACK TO GAME

  16. Genetic Variation:$300 Question • Recombinant chromosomes can result from: • a. segregation. • b. independent assortment. • c. linkage. • d. crossover. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  17. Genetic Variation:$300 Answer • Recombinant chromosomes can result from: • a. segregation. • b. independent assortment. • c. linkage. • d. crossover. BACK TO GAME

  18. Genetic Variation:$400 Question • During meiosis I, maternal and paternal chromosomes are randomly distributed to daughter nuclei. This is called __________. • a. independent assortment • b. codominance • c. incomplete dominance • d. crossover ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  19. Genetic Variation:$400 Answer • During meiosis I, maternal and paternal chromosomes are randomly distributed to daughter nuclei. This is called __________. • a. independent assortment • b. codominance • c. incomplete dominance • d. crossover BACK TO GAME

  20. Genetic Variation:$500 Question • The number of possible gamete types from a genome containing 5 homologous pairs of chromosomes is: • a. 10. • b. 16. • c. 32. • d. 64. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  21. Genetic Variation:$500 Answer • The number of possible gamete types from a genome containing 5 homologous pairs of chromosomes is: • a. 10. • b. 16. • c. 32. • d. 64. BACK TO GAME

  22. Types of Inheritance:$100 Question • What is an example of a disease caused by a lethal dominant gene? • a. Tay-Sachs disease • b. Huntington’s disease • c. Cystic fibrosis • d. Sickle-cell anemia ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  23. Types of Inheritance:$100 Answer • What is an example of a disease caused by a lethal dominant gene? • a. Tay-Sachs disease • b. Huntington’s disease • c. Cystic fibrosis • d. Sickle-cell anemia BACK TO GAME

  24. Types of Inheritance:$200 Question • In __________, the heterozygote has a phenotype intermediate between the homozygous dominant and homozygous recessive forms. • a. codominance • b. incomplete dominance • c. blending • d. integration ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  25. Types of Inheritance:$200 Answer • In __________, the heterozygote has a phenotype intermediate between the homozygous dominant and homozygous recessive forms. • a. codominance • b. incomplete dominance • c. blending • d. integration BACK TO GAME

  26. Types of Inheritance:$300 Question • Human skin color, height, and intelligence are inherited by: • a. dominant-recessive inheritance. • b. codominance. • c. polygenic inheritance. • d. multiple alleles. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  27. Types of Inheritance:$300 Answer • Human skin color, height, and intelligence are inherited by: • a. dominant-recessive inheritance. • b. codominance. • c. polygenic inheritance. • d. multiple alleles. BACK TO GAME

  28. Types of Inheritance:$400 Question • What is the ABO blood type of a person with a IAi genotype? • a. Type O • b. Type B • c. Type AB • d. Type A ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  29. Types of Inheritance:$400 Answer • What is the ABO blood type of a person with a IAi genotype? • a. Type O • b. Type B • c. Type AB • d. Type A BACK TO GAME

  30. Types of Inheritance:$500 Question • The probability of a heterozygote child from an Rr father and rr mother is: • a. 1/4. • b. 1/2. • c. 3/4. • d. 1. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  31. Types of Inheritance:$500 Answer • The probability of a heterozygote child from an Rr father and rr mother is: • a. 1/4. • b. 1/2. • c. 3/4. • d. 1. BACK TO GAME

  32. Nontraditional Inheritance:$100 Question • __________ are environmentally produced phenotypes that mimic conditions that may be caused by mutations. • a. Prototypes • b. Karyotypes • c. Phenocopies • d. Genocopies ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  33. Nontraditional Inheritance:$100 Answer • __________ are environmentally produced phenotypes that mimic conditions that may be caused by mutations. • a. Prototypes • b. Karyotypes • c. Phenocopies • d. Genocopies BACK TO GAME

  34. Nontraditional Inheritance:$200 Question • What are found in non-protein-coding DNA that were formerly thought to be “junk”? • a. DNA-only genes • b. RNA-only genes • c. Transposons • d. Exons ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  35. Nontraditional Inheritance:$200 Answer • What are found in non-protein-coding DNA that were formerly thought to be “junk”? • a. DNA-only genes • b. RNA-only genes • c. transposons • d. exons BACK TO GAME

  36. Nontraditional Inheritance:$300 Question • What tags genes as maternal or paternal and confers important functional differences in the resulting embryo? • a. DNA tagging • b. RNA tagging • c. Phenotypic imprinting • d. Genomic imprinting ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  37. Nontraditional Inheritance:$300 Answer • What tags genes as maternal or paternal and confers important functional differences in the resulting embryo? • a. DNA tagging • b. RNA tagging • c. Phenotypic imprinting • d. Genomic imprinting BACK TO GAME

  38. Nontraditional Inheritance:$400 Question • __________ is transmitted to the offspring almost exclusively by the mother. • a. The X chromosome • b. rRNA • c. mtDNA • d. cDNA ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  39. Nontraditional Inheritance:$400 Answer • __________ is transmitted to the offspring almost exclusively by the mother: • a. The X chromosome • b. rRNA • c. mtDNA • d. cDNA BACK TO GAME

  40. Nontraditional Inheritance:$500 Question • This is caused by a mutation in an imprinted gene. • a. Prader-Willi syndrome • b. Down syndrome • c. Red-green color blindness • d. Macular degeneration ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  41. Nontraditional Inheritance:$500 Answer • This is caused by a mutation in an imprinted gene. • a. Prader-Willi syndrome • b. Down syndrome • c. Red-green color blindness • d. Macular degeneration BACK TO GAME

  42. Topic 5:$100 Question • A __________ traces a genetic trait through several generations and helps predict the genotype of a future generation. • a. karyotype • b. pedigree • c. gene map • d. linkage map ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  43. Topic 5:$100 Answer • A __________ traces a genetic trait through several generations and helps predict the genotype of a future generation: • a. karyotype • b. pedigree • c. gene map • d. linkage map BACK TO GAME

  44. Topic 5:$200 Question • A fetal test that uses bits of the placenta for genetic screening is: • a. placental puncture. • b. amniocentesis. • c. chorionic villus sampling. • d. embryocentesis. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  45. Topic 5:$200 Answer • A fetal test that uses bits of the placenta for genetic screening is: • a. placental puncture. • b. amniocentesis. • c. chorionic villus sampling. • d. embryocentesis. BACK TO GAME

  46. Topic 5:$300 Question • What is a fetal test in which a wide-bore needle is inserted into the amniotic sac? • a. Amniocentesis • b. Placental puncture • c. Chorionic villus sampling • d. Embryocentesis ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  47. Topic 5:$300 Answer • What is a fetal test in which a wide-bore needle is inserted into the amniotic sac? • a. Amniocentesis • b. Placental puncture • c. Chorionic villus sampling • d. Embryocentesis BACK TO GAME

  48. Topic 5:$400 Question • __________ is the use of a virus with a functional gene to infect defective cells and alleviate a disorder. • a. Electroporation • b. Gene therapy • c. Microinjection • d. Transduction ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  49. Topic 5:$400 Answer • __________ is the use of a virus with a functional gene to infect defective cells and alleviate a disorder. • a. Electroporation • b. Gene therapy • c. Microinjection • d. Transduction BACK TO GAME

  50. Topic 5:$500 Question • What is a disease often tested for in newborns using genetic screening? • a. GIP • b. CCK • c. PKU • d. VIP ANSWER BACK TO GAME