POVERTY AND VIOLENCE. CHILD POVERTY ACTION GROUP WWW.CPAG.ORG.NZ. POVERTY. POVERTY – WHAT POVERTY ? INSUFFICIENT RESOURCES, ESPECIALLY FINANCIAL, TO ENJOY AND PARTICIPATE IN THE EXPERIENCES AND OPPORTUNITIES REQUIRED AND EXPECTED IN CONTEMPORARY AOTEAROA/NEW ZEALAND SOCIETY
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CHILD POVERTY ACTION GROUP
POVERTY – WHAT POVERTY ?
INSUFFICIENT RESOURCES, ESPECIALLY FINANCIAL, TO ENJOY AND PARTICIPATE IN THE EXPERIENCES AND OPPORTUNITIES REQUIRED AND EXPECTED IN CONTEMPORARY AOTEAROA/NEW ZEALAND SOCIETY
COMMON MEASURE – 60% MEDIAN INCOME
Table EC3.1 Proportion of population with net-of-housing-cost incomes below the 60 percent line (benchmarked to 1998 median), selected years, 1988–2004Where are the poorest children? Social Report 2005
Source: Derived from Statistics
"Income is the single most important determinant of health. There is a persistent correlation worldwide between low income and poor health.“
The National Health Committee in its report to the MOH in June 1998 “Determinants of Health in New Zealand: Action to Improve Health"
1.Poor children get sick a lot more often
The likelihood of a child being sick is 3 times higher for those in the bottom household income quintile ( Easton and Ballantyne, 2002)
Hospital admission rates for children
are significantly higher in low income
areas (Graham, Leversha and Vogel 2001)
University of Otago study; 1000 children born 1972-1973
Children who grew up in low socioeconomic status families had poorer cardiovascular health, poor dental health and more substance abuse as adults, regardless of adult socioeconomic conditions
Poulton R, Caspi A, Milne B et al Association between children’s experience of socioeconomic disadvantage and adutl health: a life-coure study Lancet 2002;360:1640-45
A STRUCTURAL PROBLEM TO DO WITH THE UNEQUAL DISTRIBUTION OF RESOURCES AND OPPORTUNITIES …(UNICEF, 2000)