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Do Now- Will be Collected. Why is North Korea “Bad” (5 Sentences). The Korean War. The Korean war is the first example of a NSC-68 war- use of military force not to conquer but to prevent conquering

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do now will be collected
Do Now- Will be Collected
  • Why is North Korea “Bad” (5 Sentences)
the korean war
The Korean War
  • The Korean war is the first example of a NSC-68 war- use of military force not to conquer but to prevent conquering
  • Origins: After WWII, American troops entered S. Korea and U.S.S.R entered North Korea to accept Japanese surrender
    • U.S.S.R doesn’t leave- elections are held and communism is founded
    • South Korea elects democracy under Syngman Rhee
the korean war cont
The Korean War Cont.
  • 1950 - North Korea invaded South Korea
    • United Nations quickly condemned the invasion as an act of aggression
    • Demanded the withdrawal of North Korean troops from the South
    • In the first weeks of the conflict the North Korean forces met little resistance and advanced rapidly to the southeast tip of Korea
  • UN goes into SE Korea and invaded behind enemy lines at Incheon
do now
Do-Now

Should the U.S use the Atomic Bomb in the Korean War? Why?

the korean war cont1
The Korean War Cont.
  • UN forces cleared out S. Korea and push N. Koreans to the Chinese border
    • Problem: China might see it as a threat- Chinese volunteers pour into North Korea and push UN forces back
    • General in charge- General MacArthur
    • His goal: defeat and conquer the enemy
    • Truman’s goal- protect and secure S. Korea
the korean war cont2
The Korean War Cont.
  • Tension between Truman and MacArthur
    • Truman didn’t think MacArthur understood this new war and MacArthur didn’t think Truman knew how to fight
    • MacArthur gets relieved of his command (fired)
korean war
Korean War
  • Korean War's unpopularity played an important role in the presidential victory of Dwight D. Eisenhower
    • Pledged to go to Korea to end the war.
  • Armistice signed in 1953
    • U.S. losses were placed at over 54,000 dead and 103,000 wounded
    • Chinese and Korean casualties were each at least 10 times as high
slide16
HUAC
  • 1947 - House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) began an investigation into the Hollywood Motion Picture Industry
  • Ten people refused to answer the committee’s questions and became known as the Hollywood Ten
    • Their refusal resulted in being blacklisted from work in motion pictures or television
alger hiss
Alger Hiss
  • Alger Hiss served as FDR's adviser at the Yalta Conference in 1945
  • An American Communist Party member appeared before the HUAC and claimed that Hiss had been spying for the Soviet Union while working for the State Department
  • Hiss’ first trial in 1949 ended in a hung jury, but in the second trial in 1950, he was found guilty
    • Sentenced to five years imprisonment
the red scare
The Red Scare
  • Joseph McCarthy- senator who wanted re-election
    • Played off societies fear of communism
    • Said state department, Hollywood and universities were infested with communists
    • If anyone did criticize McCarthy they would be accused of being a pinko- communist sympathizer
rosenbergs
Rosenbergs
  • 1950 - head of the physics department of a British nuclear research facility was arrested and charged with espionage
    • Julius Rosenberg and Ethel Rosenberg were named as members of his spy ring and put on trial
  • The Rosenbergs were found guilty of conspiracy and sentenced to death
  • Many people were shocked by the severity of the sentence
    • They had not been found guilty of treason
the red scare cont
The Red Scare Cont.
  • McCarthy’s plan backfires- accuses army of being communist sympathizers
  • McCarthy is put on trial- investigated his claims and embarrassed McCarthy
    • Ends the Red Scare
the red scare cont1
The Red Scare Cont.
  • There was a basis of fact- were communists working in the government
  • VANONA project- classified project to uncover communist spies in the government
    • Identified and verified dozens of communist spies
pop culture
Pop Culture
  • Television becomes popular
    • Most Americans own one by the end of the decade
  • Rock ‘n’ Roll is born from African American rhythm and blues
    • Elvis Presleybecomes first rock star
    • Chuck Berryand Little Richardwere African American rock pioneers
    • Generation Gap (cultural separation of children and parents) is created and shaped by rock ‘n’ roll
  • Beat Movement formed from disaffected white youth
    • Jack Kerouac (On the Road) and Allen Ginsberg (Howl) were Beat writers
life in the 50 s
Life in the 50’s
  • Popularized by the Nuclear Family
    • Dad, Mom, Kids
  • Many people will build fall out shelters and practice “Duck and Cover” measures to be safe from a nuclear blast
1950 s tv
1950’s TV

Leave it to Beaver- Part 1

eisenhower presidency
Eisenhower Presidency
  • Elected as a Republican in 1952 with vice president Richard Nixon; reelected in 1956
    • Using his nickname, “I like Ike” campaign buttons were ubiquitous
  • Largely responsible for the passage of the Federal Highway Act that created 40,000 miles of interstate roads
    • Designed for Cold War fears: evacuation of cities and the movement of military vehicles
  • Ended Korean War with threat of nuclear weapons known as massive retaliation or brinksmanship
eisenhower presidency1
Eisenhower Presidency
  • Reduced the size of the army and defense spending
    • Increased nuclear arsenal
  • Fights communism through covert operations run by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    • New Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, takes office in 1956 and vows to crush capitalism
  • Space Race begins with the Soviet launch of Sputnik in 1957
    • First satellite to orbit the earth
  • 1961 – In his farewell speech, Ike warned of influence of military-industrial complex (partnership of the military and the defense industry)