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Objective 7. Use the proper directional terms used to describe body directions, surfaces, planes, cavities, and “anatomical position.”. Anatomical Position. Palms up Thumbs out Kind of uncomfortable to be in this position (normally we have our hands cupped, turned towards our sides.)

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Objective 7
Objective 7

Use the proper directional terms used to describe body directions, surfaces, planes, cavities, and “anatomical position.”


Anatomical position
Anatomical Position

  • Palms up

  • Thumbs out

  • Kind of uncomfortable to be in this position (normally we have our hands cupped, turned towards our sides.)

  • “Right” and “left” are the patient’s right and left…opposite as we look at them


The language of anatomy
The Language of Anatomy

  • Special terminology is used to prevent misunderstanding

  • Exact terms are used for:

    • Position

    • Direction

    • Regions

    • Structures




  • Proximal

    • Only used for limbs…closer to body

  • Distal

    • Away from the body. Only used for limbs

  • Superficial

    • Towards the surface of the body

  • Deep

    • Away from the surface


Body landmarks
Body Landmarks

  • Anterior

Figure 1.5a


Body landmarks1
Body Landmarks

  • Posterior

Figure 1.5b


Planes and sections
Planes and Sections

  • Frontal

    • Cut into front and back halves

  • Transverse

    • “Sawing a woman in half” trick

    • Anywhere along the body

  • Median

    • Through midline (through belly button and nose)

    • Split into left and right halves


Body planes
Body Planes

Figure 1.6


Body cavities
Body Cavities

Dorsal - “back”

Cranial and spinal cavity

Ventral – “belly”

-Thoracic cavity

-Abdominopelvic cavity

*Abdominal cavity

*Pelvic Cavity

Figure 1.7


Abdominopelvic
Abdominopelvic

Quadrants

Figure 1.8a