Urban Geography Models & other Info . Louis Wirth . In the 1930’s social scientist Louis Wirth defined a city as a permanent settlement that has 3 characteristics that create living experiences for urban residents that are different from residents in rural areas 1. Large size
A zone in transition is marked by the deterioration of old residential structures abandoned, as the city expanded, by the former wealthier occupants and now containing high-density, low income slums, warehouses
and (in some areas) gentrified buildings.
widely dispersed, multicentered metropolis consisting of increasingly independent zones or realms, each focused on its own suburban downtown
typically near major highway
Construction ‘ring roads’ created growth explosions at major highway intersections in outer areas
Assumption—strong central business district affected patterns throughout the urban area, but unlike US models, it is divided a market sector, where old-fashioned markets are set up & a high rise sector, where more modern businesses are headquartered.