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  1. Table of Contents Set 1 Cards Set 2 Cards Set 3 Cards Set 4 Cards Set 5 Cards Set 6 Cards Click button from anywhere in this PowerPoint to return to the Table of Contents
  2. Set 1 Which geographic feature is shown by the X The Mississippi River
  3. Set 1 Which geographic feature is shown by the X The Rocky Mountains
  4. Set 1 Which geographic feature is shown by the X The Pacific Ocean
  5. Set 1 Which geographic feature is shown by the X The Appalachian Mountains
  6. Set 1 Which geographic feature is shown by the X The Great Plains
  7. Set 1 Which geographic feature is shown by the X The Atlantic Ocean
  8. Set 1 Which geographic feature is shown by the X The Great Lakes
  9. Set 1 Which geographic feature is shown by the X The Caribbean Islands
  10. Set 1 Which geographic feature is shown by the X The Gulf of Mexico
  11. Set 1 Which geographic feature is shown by the X The Ohio River Valley
  12. Set 1 What body of water does the Mississippi connect to? The Gulf of Mexico
  13. Set 1 Which geographic feature served as the western boundary for British colonial settlements prior to the Revolutionary War? The Appalachian mountains
  14. Set 1 This map shows the western limit on colonial settlement that resulted from what British law? The Proclamation of 1763
  15. Set 1 The French and Indian War was fought over what territory? The Ohio River Valley
  16. Set 1 Triangular trade led to an increase in what? The slave trade
  17. Set 1 Name two factors that prevented the plantation system from developing in the New England Colonies. Rocky Soil Short Growing Season
  18. Set 1 Name the three regions of the American Colonies. New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies
  19. Set 1 Name two factors that led to the growth of the plantation system in the Southern Colonies. Fertile soil Long growing season
  20. Set 1 The plantation based economy in the Southern colonies grew to depend on what institution? Slavery
  21. Set 1 The relatively flat, grassy region of the United States between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains is known as the The Great Plains
  22. Set 2 Which geographic feature contributed the most to the development of commerce (trade) throughout colonial America? Natural Harbors
  23. Set 2 • Jamestown, founded in 1607 • Plymouth colony, founded in 1620 • New Amsterdam, founded in 1625 These early colonial settlements were similar in that each was located near what? The Atlantic Coastline
  24. Set 2 During the colonial period, goods were most commonly transported on what? Rivers or on boats
  25. Set 2 Name 3 examples of early colonial attempts at self-government or representative government The Mayflower Compact Virginia House of Burgesses New England Town Meetings
  26. Set 2 Before the French and Indian War the British policy of not enforcing trade restrictions such as the Navigation Acts was called what? Salutary Neglect
  27. Set 2 The belief that colonies exist only for the economic benefit of the mother country is called what? Mercantilism
  28. Set 2 Name two ways that the policy of mercantilism benefits the mother country. Raw Materials Trade Markets (a place to sell manufactured products)
  29. Set 2 The colonists’ slogan, “No taxation without representation,” expresses a belief in… The consent of the governed
  30. Set 2 What was the primary way the colonists protested the British tax and trade laws? By boycotting their goods (refusing to buy)
  31. Set 2 Two Ideas the writers of the Declaration of Independence got from John Locke were… Natural rights and social contract (consent of the governed)
  32. Set 2 Thomas Paine wrote “Common Sense” to encourage colonists to… Separate from the British (fight for their Independence)
  33. Set 2 What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence? To explain to the British their reasons for separation.
  34. Set 2 According to the Declaration of Independence, what is the purpose of government To protect the natural rights of the people
  35. Set 2 Name 3 Enlightenment thinkers who influenced the Declaration of Independence. 1. John Locke, 2. Jean-Jacques Rousseau 3. Baron de Montesquieu
  36. Set 2 Name three natural rights identified in the Declaration of Independence 1. Life 2. Liberty 3. The pursuit of Happiness
  37. Set 2 Name 3 important powers that the federal government was denied under the Articles of Confederation 1. Levy (create) taxes to raise revenue 2. Regulate trade 3. Raise and army
  38. Set 2 What was the primary problem with the Articles of Confederation? The federal government was too weak (more power held by state governments)
  39. Set 2 Why did the writers of the Articles of Confederation create a weak federal government? To avoid the tyranny (abuse of power) they faced under the British. They believed a strong central government would threaten their rights.
  40. Set 2 What event highlighted the fact that the Articles of Confederation was failing as our plan of government. Shay’s Rebellion in 1786 (Farmers rebelling over the confiscation of their land by state governments)
  41. Set 2 Name the one positive contribution of the Articles of Confederation. A process for admitting new states to the Union
  42. Set 3 What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention? To revise the Articles of Confederation
  43. Set 3 Name the two laws passed to establish processes for settling and governing the western territories and adding new states The Land Ordinance of 1785 Northwest Ordinance of 1787
  44. Set 3 Name three powers that were added to the national government during the Constitutional Convention. Create or levy Taxes Regulate trade Raise an Army
  45. Set 3 Name two major compromises that were reached at the Constitutional Convention 1. The Great Compromise 2. The Three-Fifths Compromise
  46. Set 3 What two plans were combined in The Great Compromise The Virginia Plan (Representation based on population) The New Jersey Plan (Representation equal for all states)
  47. Set 3 What type of legislature was created by The Great Compromise? A Bicameral Legislature (two-house legislature)
  48. Set 3 In which house of Congress is representation based on the population of each state? The House of Representatives
  49. Set 3 What issue was settled by the Three-Fifths Compromise? The counting of slaves for the purposes of representation in congress and for taxation
  50. Set 3 What document is considered to be the supreme law of the land? The United States Constitution
  51. Set 3 What two elements of the US Constitution allow it to adjust for a changing society? 1. The Amendment Process 2. The Elastic Clause
  52. Set 3 What is the purpose of taking a census every ten years in the United States? To measure population changes in each state to adjust representation in congress.
  53. Set 3 Why was slavery not banned during the creation of the US Constitution? Southern states would not have ratified a Constitution that banned slavery
  54. Set 3 What is Federalism? The division of powers between the Federal Government and the states
  55. Set 3 The idea for having three branches of government was inspired by what concept developed by which Enlightenment thinker? The concept of “separation of powers” developed by Baron de Montesquieu
  56. Set 3 Name three reserved powers (powers held by the states) 1. Regulate trade within the state 2. Establish local government systems 3. Conduct elections 4. Establish public school systems
  57. Set 3 Name three delegated or enumerated powers (powers held by the federal government) 1. Regulate trade 2. Coin money 3. Provide an army and navy 4. Conduct foreign affairs 5. Set up federal courts
  58. Set 3 Name three concurrent powers (powers shared by the federal government and the states) 1. Enforce the laws 2. Establish courts 3. Collect taxes 4. Borrow money 5. Provide for the general welfare
  59. Set 3 What system was added to the Constitution in order to ensure that no one branch of government gains too much power? The system of Checks and Balances
  60. Set 3 Name four ways the legislative branch can check the executive branch Can override vetoes Can refuse to approve appointments to Supreme Court Can refuse to approve treaties Can impeach the President
  61. Set 3 Name two ways the legislative branch check the judicial branch Approve supreme court justices Impeach federal judges
  62. Set 4 How can the executive branch check the legislative branch? Can veto laws passed by Congress
  63. Set 4 How can the executive branch check the judicial branch? Appoints supreme court justices
  64. Set 4 How can the judicial branch check the legislative branch? The supreme court can declare laws passed by congress to be unconstitutional
  65. Set 4 How can the judicial branch check the executive branch? Can declare actions taken by the President to be unconstitutional
  66. Set 4 What is Popular Sovereignty? Rule by the Majority (Sovereignty means rule or self-rule)
  67. Set 4 The main idea of the preamble of the US Constitution is that the power to rule comes from who? The people
  68. Set 4 Which two groups debated the ratification of the new Constitution? The Federalists and the Anti-federalists
  69. Set 4 What was the purpose of the Federalist Papers? To encourage or promote the ratification of the US Constitution
  70. Set 4 What was added to the US Constitution in order to gain the Antifederalists support for ratification? The Bill of Rights
  71. Set 4 The first ten amendments added to the US Constitution are called what? The Bill of Rights
  72. Set 4 Which amendment in the Bill of Rights protect freedom of expression? The 1st Amendment
  73. Set 4 Which amendment in the Bill of Rights protects against illegal search and seizure? The 4th Amendment
  74. Set 4 What do you call the group of people who cast the state’s votes for President of the United States The Electoral College
  75. Set 4 Can you win the election without having the majority of the popular vote? Yes
  76. Set 4 To win a presidential election, a candidate must win a Majority of the electoral college vote
  77. Set 4 Name some examples of unwritten constitution… • Washington establishing a Cabinet of Advisors • The creation of political parties • Judicial Review • Congressional committees
  78. Set 4 Name the most important precedentestablished by George Washington for future presidents. • Establishing the president’s cabinet
  79. Set 4 Name the four parts of Hamilton’s financial plan… 1. Formation of the National Bank 2. A tariff (or tax) on imported goods 3. Pay off the debts of the states 4. An excise tax on whiskey
  80. Set 4 Who opposed the National Bank because he believe is was based on a loose interpretation of the US Constitution? Thomas Jefferson
  81. Set 4 Name the cause and effect of the Whiskey Rebellion. Cause: The excise tax on whiskey Effect: Strengthened the powers of the National Government
  82. Set 5 What was President Washington’spolicy with foreign affairs? Neutrality(staying neutral),this also meant avoiding alliances
  83. Set 5 Name three ways that the United States acquired new territories. Through war By purchasing Through treaties
  84. Set 5 Which geographic area was added to the United States by the Louisiana Purchase? The Great Plains
  85. Set 5 Why was the Louisiana Purchase so important for the United States? It secured control of the Mississippi River
  86. Set 5 Why was Jefferson unsure whether or not he could legally purchase the Louisiana territory? He thought it may be unconstitutional
  87. Set 5 What important port city was acquired as part of the Louisiana Purchase? New Orleans
  88. Set 5 What is Judicial Review? The Supreme Court reviewing laws to determine if they are constitutional or not
  89. Set 5 Which court case established Judicial Review. Marbury vs Madison
  90. Set 5 Did the Federal Government gain power or lose power while John Marshall was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court? It gained power
  91. Set 5 Explain the 3 parts of the Missouri Compromise 1. Missouri enters as slave state 2. Maine enters as free state 3. No future slave states above latitude line 3630’ North
  92. Set 5 What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine? To warn European nations not to interfere with nations in the Western Hemisphere, especially in Latin America.
  93. Set 5 Why was the Erie Canal important? It connected the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean and gave farmers of the Midwest better access to East Coast markets
  94. Set 5 What was the Nullification Act passed by South Carolina? It declared the high tariffpassed by the federal government to be unconstitutional and nullified it (this was an issue of states’ rights)
  95. Set 5 How did the cotton gin impact America? It made cotton the most important cash crop and increased the need for slaves to pick the cotton.
  96. Set 5 What is the spoils system? Elected officials hiring their supporters for public office positions.
  97. Set 5 What court case was associated with the Trail of Tears? Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
  98. Set 5 What was the Relocation Act? The law passed forcing Native Americans to relocate to Oklahoma.
  99. Set 5 What was the Trail of Tears? Paths along which Native Americans were forced from their land and into Oklahoma
  100. Set 5 What is Manifest Destiny? The belief that America was destined to expand all the way to the Pacific Ocean
  101. Set 5 What war was provoked by President James K. Polk and helped complete Manifest Destiny? The Mexican-American War (or the war with Mexico)
  102. Set 6 What was the purpose of the Seneca Falls Convention? To issue the Declaration of Sentiments which called for more women’s rights including suffrage(the right to vote)
  103. Set 6 In what Supreme Court case did Chief Justice Roger B. Taney state that slaves are property and therefore Congress could not ban slavery in any state. Dred Scott v. Sanford
  104. Set 6 Name at least three Abolitionistwriters. 1. Frederick Douglass 2. Sojourner Truth 3. William Lloyd Garrison 4. Harriet Beecher Stowe
  105. Set 6 What was the Underground Railroad? The path on which slaves were guided to freedom in the North
  106. Set 6 What two states were added by the Compromise of 1850? California as a free state and New Mexico as a slave state.
  107. Set 6 What was the Fugitive Slave Act? It was part of the Compromise of 1850 and stated that people in the Northand South must help capture runaway slaves.
  108. Set 6 In the 1850s, why did many runaway slaves go to Canada? They were no longer safe in the Northern United States because of the Fugitive Slave Act
  109. Set 6 How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) deal with the issue of slavery in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska? Popular sovereignty (the people of each territory would vote whether or not to allow slavery)
  110. Set 6 Why did Kansas get the nickname “Bleeding Kansas” after the passing of the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed? Because of fighting between pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups.
  111. Set 6 Who was the most famous conductor on the Underground Railroad? Harriet Tubman
  112. Set 6 What was the importance of the book “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” by Harriet Beecher Stowe? It educated Northerners on how bad slavery was and added to the Abolitionistsmovement
  113. Set 6 Who killed pro-slavery men in Kansas then attempted to cause a slave rebellion by first seizing an arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia before being caught and hanged? John Brown
  114. Set 6 What event led directly to the secession of many Southern States? The election of Republican Abraham Lincoln to president
  115. Set 6 Before and during the Civil War, which side had more railroads, telegraph lines, weapons, supplies, and a greater population? The North
  116. Set 6 What was Habeas Corpus and who suspended it during the Civil War? The right to a trial before imprisonment. It was suspended by Abraham Lincoln
  117. Set 6 What was the Emancipation Proclamation? During the Civil War it freed all slaves in states that were in rebellion against the Union (United States)
  118. Set 6 How did the economy of the North benefit from the Civil War? The production of weapons, ammunition, and other war supplies created profits for Northern industries.
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