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Electric Cars and In-Transit Charging. A Brief Overview. How does this in -transit charging work?. Powered by batteries, which need to be recharged. How do electric cars work?. Fewer moving parts than gas vehicles.

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Presentation Transcript
how do electric cars work

Powered by batteries, which need to be recharged

How do electric cars work?
  • Fewer moving parts than gas vehicles

http://cdn.digitaltrends.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/IBM-working-on-electric-car-battery-that-could-get-up-to-500-miles.jpg

  • Regenerative braking helps recharge the batteries to save energy

http://www.kids.esdb.bg/images/WhoKilledtheElectricCar.jpg

main parts of an electric car
Main parts of an electric car

http://discovermagazine.com/2009/apr/09-can-smart-tech-keep-chevy-volt.s-battery-running/cardiagram.jpg

http://ev.gearboxmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/chevrolet-volt-battery-2-re.jpg

Chassis

slide5

More efficient use of energy

  • Does not pollute the environment

Advantages of electric cars

  • Less use of fossil fuels
  • No carbon emissions (smog)
  • Can charge at home or at public charging stations

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-28wNi88weIo/TWJloA5J-0I/AAAAAAAAAAQ/T6eEd_VdP2c/s1600/car-pollution.jpg

http://media.web.britannica.com/eb-media/41/91641-004-842864B7.jpg

carbon emissions smog

Smog is air pollution caused in-part by combustion engines

  • Electric cars don’t produce smog

Toronto without smog

Toronto with smog

Carbon Emissions (Smog)

http://www.frw.ca/albums/Clean-Air/Clean_Air_Project_View_from_the_top_of_the_Beare_Landfill_on_a_clear_windyday_l_and_smoggy_day.jpg

cons of electric cars

Drives for shorter lengths than a car using gas (Range Anxiety)

Cons of electric cars
  • Takes a long time to charge

http://www.popsci.com/files/imagecache/article_image_large/articles/volt2_0.jpg

  • Electric cars are more expensive

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-krx1ol1O52w/TqfswuspayI/AAAAAAAAAF0/h3hoJWcl_rk/s1600/cool_dollar_sign.jpg

overcoming range anxiety

Options

  • In-transit charging:
    • Conductive
    • In-road inductive chargers
Overcoming Range Anxiety
  • Larger batteries
  • Batteries with higher energy density

http://static.ibsrv.net/car-pictures/electric-car-parts/electric-car-battery.jpg

benefits of in transit charging

http://www.niagaramotors.com/images/southontariomap.gif

  • You can go to Toronto, Ottawa or even Nova Scotia without stopping to charge your battery
Benefits of in-transit charging
  • Cars can charge while driving
  • Uses smaller, lighter, and less expensive batteries
can in transit charging really work

Yes, but these are what need to be done first:

  • Making the conductors retractable
  • Safety system when the car engages and disengages the in-transit lane
Can in-transit charging really work?
  • Automatic payment and billing system
  • Making the in-transit system weather-proof
  • Government regulations and standards

http://www.salmonarm.ca/images/%7BA96DE30E-15B6-43BB-A3ED-5683A033EF4E%7DMan_Paying.jpg

acknowledgements

We are grateful for the financial support of Ontario Research Fund and Automotive Partnership Canada for the development of this setup.

  • The contributions of Kevin Cochran, AmkoVerkerk, George Tzoganakis, Adrian Neil, and Mitch Rushton have been significant in the design, fabrication and programming of this setup and are very appreciated.
  • Amir Khajepour, PhD, PEng
  • Professor and Canada Research Chair in
  • Mechatronic Vehicle Systems
  • Principal Investigator, Green Intelligent Transportation Systems – Green ITS
Acknowledgements