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Texture and Textural Reduction Chapter 7
Texture • The way melodic, rhythmic, harmonic materials are combined • Density • Thick (many voices) or thin (few voices) • Range • Wide (large interval) or narrow (small interval)
Texture Types • Monophonic • Single melodic line • Polyphonic • Two or more lines • Lines move independently • Homophonic • Melody with accompaniment • Homorhythmic • Similar rhythm in all parts • “hymn style”
Analysis of Texture • Primary melody (PM) • Most important melody • Secondary melody (SM) • Less important than PM • Parallel supporting melody (PSM) • Similar in contour to PM • Static support (SS) • Sustained or repeated tones • Harmonic and rhythmic support (HRS) • Establish chords and basic rhythm of piece • Can be separated into HS and RS
Textural Reduction • Rewrite of a piece in block chords • Outlines the harmonic rhythm of the piece • How often the chords change • Helpful in doing RN analysis