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Impressionism The late 19 th century Renoir A Girl with a Watering-Can. 1876 Outline Introduction Part I. Definition Part II. Location Part III. The painters Conclusion References Introduction

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The late 19th century

  • Introduction
  • Part I. Definition
  • Part II. Location
  • Part III. The painters
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Many of the practices of the impressionists had precedents in earlier French painting of the 19th century
  • Most of the impressionists followed the tendencies of earlier French realists such as Gustave Courbet
  • They emulated French painter Camille Corot in his sensitivity to the effects of light in nature
  • They also learned from French landscape painters of the Barbizon School and admired the vibrant color and lively brushstrokes of EugèneDelacroix
  • The impressionists specialized in landscape, informal portraits in a domestic setting, and still life
part i definition
Part I. Definition
  • Movement in painting that originated in France in the late 19th century radical because braking many of the rules of picture-making set by earlier generations
  • The impressionists tried to depict what they saw at a given moment, capturing a fresh, original vision that was hard for some people to accept as beautiful
  • Impressionist painters used broken brushstrokes of bright, often unmixed colors and simplified their compositions, omitting detail to achieve a striking overall effect
  • In 1874 French art critic Louis Leroy coined the term impressionist in a satirical review of a private exhibition of paintings, because of Impression, Sunrise (1873, Musée Marmottan, Paris) by Monet
part ii location
Part II. Location
  • In Paris (Opera Garnier for Degas, la Seine for Seurat and Monet, a train station for Monet)
  • In 1890, Monet purchased a house in Giverny that he had been renting for seven years. He began to develop its gardens, introducing an ornamental lily pond and a Japanese-style bridge. These and other features of his idyllic estate were the subject of a steady output of large decorative paintings
  • Cézanne in Aix-en-Provence, Van Gogh and Gauguin in Arles in 1888
  • From 1890 until his death in 1926, Claude Monet lived and painted in the small village of Giverny, near Paris
  • Monet planted extensive gardens at Giverny, including the water garden pictured here
  • Water lilies filled the pond and were the frequent subject of the artist’s paintings
  • Monet’s house, now known as the Foundation Claude Monet, has been restored and is decorated in the original color schemes selected by Monet
  • The house and gardens are open to the public during the spring and summer months
part iii the painters
Part III. The painters
  • Impressionism refers principally to the work of Monet, Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Alfred SisleyManet and Degas
  • Impressionism also refers to the work of artists who participated in a series of group exhibitions in Paris, the first and most famous of which was held from April 15 to May 15, 1874, at the studio of the photographer Nadar
  • By the 1880s a number of artists had begun to react against various aspects of impressionism
  • Painters Seurat and Gauguin protested the movement’s exclusive concentration on subjects they saw as ordinary
  • The next generation of innovators, so-called postimpressionists, is best represented by Cézanne and Van Gogh
edgar degas 1834 1917
Edgar Degas (1834-1917)
  • Born into the family of bankers of aristocratic extraction
  • In 1854-1859 he made several trips to Italy, some of the time visiting relatives, studying the Old Masters
  • By 1860 Degas had drawn over 700 copies of other works, mainly early Italian Renaissance and French classical art
  • In 1874 Degas helped organize the 1st Impressionist exhibition and participate in all the group exhibitions except that of 1882
  • Most of his works depict racecourses, theaters, cafés, music halls, or boudoirs. Degas was a keen observer of humanity—particularly of women
  • Famous paintings: Race Horses (c.1866-68), Carriage at the Races (1869), Dance Class(1871), The Star (1876-77)
  • In 1991, two of Russia's major museums, the Hermitage in St. Petersburg and the Pushkin in Moscow, revealed they had secretly stored a group of impressionist paintings (part of a vast collection looted from Germany by the USSR in the final months of World War II)
  • Most of the paintings had come from private collections (some had previously been looted by the Nazis) and had not been seen in public for many decades
  • Both museums exhibited many of these works, including paintings by Degas, Renoir, Gauguin, and Monet, in 1995