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HOURS OF SERVICE. Presented by: Ms Kim Durdle Director of Carrier Services. www.infratrans.gov.ab.ca. Discussion Topics. New federal Hours of Service Regulations Introduction of new provincial Hours of Service Regulations for Alberta. Federal Hours of Service Regulations .

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Hours of service
HOURS OF SERVICE

Presented by: Ms Kim Durdle

Director of Carrier Services

www.infratrans.gov.ab.ca


Discussion topics
Discussion Topics

  • New federal Hours of Service Regulations

  • Introduction of new provincial Hours of Service Regulations for Alberta


Federal hours of service regulations
Federal Hours of Service Regulations

  • Federal Hours of Service Regulations apply to drivers of extra provincial motor carriers, regardless of country of origin (e.g. United States)

  • Scope:

    • -Trucks weighing >4,500 kg

    • -Buses with a seating capacity of >10

  • Provinces/territories enforce the federal Hours of Service Regulations

  • Similar regulations in provinces/territories


Review initiated
Review Initiated

  • In mid 1990’s Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators (CCMTA) Hours of Service Committee began reviewing the outdated rules to improve safety and efficiency

  • Task was to revise National Safety Code (NSC) Standard 9 so that it could serve as template for new federal and provincial regulations


Review process
Review Process

  • Involved significant collaborative research with U.S.

  • Process has been open and collaborative – involving provinces/territories and stakeholders including safety advocates, labor, industry, drivers associations, etc.

  • The House of Commons Standing Committee on Transportation (SCOT) Review:

  • -Held public hearings

  • -Endorsed the proposed changes (June 2002)

  • a)recommend acceptance of the CTA/Teamsters

  • agreement

  • b)13 hours driving

  • c)14 hours on-duty


Regulatory process
Regulatory Process

  • On September 20, 2002 Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers endorsed the revised NSC Standard 9 and agreed to initiate regulatory action based on the Standard

  • On February 15, 2003 proposed federal regulations were published in the Canada Gazette Part I

  • On November 16, 2005 the regulations were published in Canada Gazette Part II

  • Implementation is targeted for early January 2007


Key changes
Key Changes

  • Some of the key changes are:

  • -Increasing minimum daily off-duty time by 25%

  • -Reducing daily on-duty time by 13%

  • -Reducing daily driving time by 18%

  • -Eliminating the “Off-duty Time Reduction” option

  • -Restricting the drivers work shift to 16 hours


Key changes continued
Key Changes Continued

  • -Prohibiting cycle switching

  • -Tightening the rules for sleeper berths

  • -Requiring a mandatory 24 hours of consecutive

  • off-duty time in any 14 day period

  • -Allowing drivers to use a CMV for personal use

  • (with restrictions) and

  • -Requiring the operator to monitor the drivers

  • compliance


General rules for the day
General Rules For the “Day”

  • No driver shall drive after accumulating

  • -13 hours of driving time in a day

  • -14 hours of on-duty time in a day

  • A driver must take 10 hours off in a day

  • A “day” is defined as a 24 hour period that begins at the hour designated by the motor carrier and is maintained for the duration of the cycle


Daily off duty time
Daily Off-Duty Time

  • A driver must take 10 hours off in a day

  • The total off-duty time must include at least 2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time

  • Off-Duty time other than the required 8 consecutive hours may be taken in blocks no less than 30 minutes each


Complying with daily rules
Complying with Daily Rules

10hours of off-duty time :

2 + 1 + 1 + 6 = 10

8 consecutivehours off-duty

8 consecutive hours off-duty

2

1

1

6

10

Off-duty ≥ 10

13

4.5

4

4.5

1

0.5

0.5

Driving ≤ 13

2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.

No driving after 14 hours on-duty


Complying with daily rules1

10 hours of off-duty time :

2 + 1 + 1 + 6 = 10

8 consecutive hours off-duty

8 consecutivehours off-duty

Complying With Daily Rules

Driving ≤ 13

No driving after 14 hours on-duty

2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.


Complying with daily rules2
Complying With Daily Rules

10 hours of off-duty time :

2 + 1 + 1 + 6 = 10

8 consecutive hours off-duty

9 consecutive hours off-duty

2

1

7

10

13

4

9

1

1

1

2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.


Complying with daily rules3
Complying With Daily Rules

10 hours of off-duty time :

2 + 0.75 + 1 + 6 = 9.75

Violation

8 consecutive hours off-duty

8 consecutive hours off-duty

2

0.75

6

1

0.25

0.25

10.25

12.75

1.5

3

4

1.5

2.75

1

1

0.5

0.5

Violation:Less than 2 hours (1.75) of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.


Complying with daily rules4
Complying With Daily Rules

10 hours of off-duty time :

2 +1 + 7 = 10

8 consecutive hours off-duty

8 consecutive hours off-duty

2

1

7

10

13

9

4

1

1

1

Violation: Less than 2 hours (only one) of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.


General rules for the work shift
General Rules For The “Work Shift”

  • No driver shall driver after accumulating

  • -13 hours of driving time

  • -14 hours of on-duty time

  • -16 hours of elapsed time from the end of the last off-duty period of 8 hours or more unless the driver takes at least 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time

  • A driver can re-start driving by taking at least 8 consecutive hours off-duty providing no other limitations are violated


Complying with the work shift
Complying With The Work Shift

8 consecutive hours off-duty

8 consecutive hours off-duty

2

1

1

4

4

4

4.5

0.5

3

Start of Work Shift

End of Work Shift

  • No driving after accumulating:

  • 13 hours of driving time

  • 14 hours of on-duty time

  • 16 hours of elapsed time

Violation: Driving after: 14 hours of on-duty time and 16 hours of elapsed time.


Complying with the work shift1
Complying With The Work Shift

8 consecutive hours off-duty

8 consecutive hours off-duty

9 consecutive hours off-duty

  • Actual times:

  • Driving = 13

  • On-duty = 14

  • Elapsed = 16

  • Actual Times:

  • Driving = 13

  • On-duty = 14

  • Elapsed = 15

1

8

1

7

2

1

6

2

5

8

5

4

4

1

1

  • Day 1

  • Off-duty: 10 h (2+1+1+6)

  • Driving: 13 h (5+4+4)

  • On-duty: 14 h (1+ 5+4+4)

  • Day 2

  • Off-duty: 10 h (2+1+7)

  • Driving: 13 h (5+8)

  • On-duty: 14 h (1+ 5+8)

2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.

2 hours of off-duty time that does not form part of the required period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time.




Daily rules work shift 10 hours off

Violation

Daily rules, work shift, 10 hours off

2 other hours of off-duty time not included in the 8consecutive:

0.75 + 1 = 1.75

8 consecutive hours off-duty

8 consecutive hours off-duty

2

0.75

1

6.5

0.25

0.25

10.75

12.75

1.5

3

2.75

4

1.5

0.5

1

0.5

Violation: Off-duty time in a day does not include at least 2 hours that do not form part of a period of 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time required by section 13.


Sleeper berth single driver
Sleeper Berth (Single Driver)

  • Off-Duty requirements can be met by accumulating off-duty time in no more than 2 periods if:

  • -neither period is less than 2 hours

  • -the total of the 2 is at least 10 hours

  • -total driving time before and after each off-duty time does not exceed 13 hours

  • -total on-duty time before and after each off-duty time does not include any driving time after the 14th hour

  • -elapsed time before and after each period of off-duty time does not include any driving time after the 16th hour


The 16 th hour
The 16th Hour

  • Excludes qualifying sleeper berth time that when added to a subsequent sleeper berth period totals at least 10 hours

  • Includes:

  • -all on-duty time

  • -off-duty time not spent in the sleeper

  • -non-qualifying sleeper berth time


Sleeper berth single
Sleeper Berth Single

Step 1: Rules for the Day

Day 1

8

≥ 10

3

driving ≤ 13

11

2

No driving after 14 hours on-duty

Day 2

10

14 violation


Sleeper berth single1
Sleeper Berth Single

Rules for the Work Shift

Step 2: Identify rest periods

C + D > 10

A + B > 10

B + C > 10

A

B

C


Sleeper berth single2
Sleeper Berth Single

Rules for the Work Shift

Step 3: Verify driving periods

A

B

C

  • Work Shift:No driving after 16hours has elapsed

  • Driving < 13

  • No driving after 14 hours on duty


Sleeper berth team drivers
Sleeper Berth (Team Drivers)

  • Off-Duty requirements can be met by accumulating off-duty time in no more than 2 periods if:

  • -neither period is less than 4 hours

  • -the total of the 2 is at least 8 hours

  • -total driving time before and after each off-duty time does not exceed 13 hours

  • -total on-duty time before and after each off-duty time does not include any driving time after the 14th hour

  • -elapsed time before and after each period of off-duty time does not include any driving time after the 16th hour

  • -must take 10 hours off in a day


The 16 th hour1
The 16th Hour

  • Excludes qualifying sleeper berth time that when added to a subsequent sleeper berth period total at least 8 hours

  • Includes:

  • -all on-duty time

  • -off-duty time not spent in the sleeper

  • -non-qualifying sleeper berth time


Sleeper berth team
Sleeper Berth Team

Team Drivers


Sleeper berth team1
Sleeper Berth Team

Sleeper Berth:

A (4 h) + B (4 h) = 8 h

Sleeper Berth:

B (4 h) + C (4 h) = 8 h

Before / After:

Driving: 13 h

On-duty: 15 h

Elapsed: 16 h

Before / After:

Driving: 12 h

On-duty: 14 h

Elapsed: 14 h

Before / After:

Driving: 10 h

On-duty: 11 h

Elapsed: 12 h

Violation

8

1

1

4

4

4

8

3

2

4

6

A

B

C

4

4

1

1

1

Violation

Day 1

Off-duty: 13 h (8+1+4)

Driving: 9 h (3+2+4)

On-duty: 11 h (1+3+2+1+4)

Day 2

Off-duty: 9 h (4+4+1)

Driving: 14 h (4+4+6)

On-duty: 15 h (4+1+4+6)


Deferral of daily off duty time
Deferral of Daily Off-Duty Time

  • Driver can defer 2 hours of off-duty time to the following day

  • The off-duty time deferred is not part of the 8 consecutive hours

  • Total off-duty time in 2 days is at least 20 hours

  • The off-duty time deferred is added to the 8 consecutive hours taken the second day

  • Total driving time in the 2 days does not exceed 26 hours

  • Must be noted in the “Remark” section

  • Can not be used in conjunction with sleeper berth provisions


Deferral of daily off duty time1
Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time

8 consecutive hours off-duty

10 consecutive hours off-duty

  • Elapsed: 16 h

  • Driving: 13 h

  • On-duty: 14 h

  • Elapsed: 14 h

  • Driving: 13 h

  • On-duty: 14 h

1

1

8

2+8 =10

1 3

2 hours deferred must be added to core rest period of 8

1

1

13

4

5

4

  • Day 1

  • Off-duty: 8 h

  • Driving: 14 h (13+1)

  • On-duty: 16 h (1+13+1+1)

    • Day 2

  • Off-duty: 12 h (1+1+10)

  • Driving: 12 h (3+5+4)

  • On-duty: 12 h (3+5+4)

    • Verify that over 2 days:

      • Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1)

      • Off-duty  20 (8+1+1+10 = 20)

      • Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2

      • Driving time  26 (13+4+5+4 = 26)


    Deferral of daily off duty time2
    Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time

    10 consecutive hours off-duty

    • Elapsed: 16 h

    • Driving: 13 h

    • On-duty: 16 h

    • Elapsed: 16 h

    • Driving: 9 h

    • On-duty: 12 h

    8

    8

    1

    1

    2

    2+8 = 10

    3

    13

    3

    2

    1

    1

    1

    2

    2

    Day 1

    Off-duty: 8 h

    Driving: 13 h

    On-duty: 16 h (1+13+2)

    Day 2

    Off-duty: 12h (1+1+2+8)

    Driving: 9 h (2+3+3+1)

    On-duty: 12 h (4+3+3+2)

    • Verify that over 2 days:

      • Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1)

      • Off-duty  20 (8+1+1+2+8 = 20)

      • Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2

      • Driving time  26 (13+2+3+3+1 = 21)


    Deferral of daily off duty time3
    Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time

    10 consecutive hours off-duty

    8 consecutive hours off-duty

    • Elapsed: 14 h

    • Driving: 11 h

    • On-duty: 14 h

    • Elapsed: 16 h

    • Driving: 13 h

    • On-duty: 14 h

    4

    2

    6

    2

    6

    6+2 = 8

    2+8 = 10

    7

    8

    5

    4

    1

    3

    Day 1

    Off-duty: 10 h (4+6)

    Driving: 11 h (7+4)

    On-duty: 14 h (7+3+4)

    Day 2

    Off-duty: 10h (2+2+6)

    Driving: 13 h (8+5)

    On-duty: 14 h (8+1+5)

    • Verify that over 2 days:

      • Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1)

      • Off-duty  20 (4+8+2+6 = 20)

      • Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2

      • Driving time  26 (7+4+8+5 = 24)


    Deferral of daily off duty time4
    Deferral Of Daily Off-Duty Time

    8 consecutive hours off-duty

    10 consecutive hours off-duty

    8 consecutive hours off-duty

    • Elapsed: 16 h

    • Driving: 13 h

    • On-duty: 16 h

    • Elapsed: 16 h

    • Driving: 13 h

    • On-duty: 14 h

    4

    2

    8

    2+8 = 10

    13

    8

    5

    3

    1

    Day 1

    Off-duty: 8 h (4+4)

    Driving: 13 h

    On-duty: 16 h (13+3)

    Day 2

    Off-duty: 10h (4+2+4)

    Driving: 13 h (8+5)

    On-duty: 14 h (8+1+5)

    • Verify that over 2 days:

      • Deferred off-duty time is not part of mandatory 8 (Day 1)

      • Off-duty  20 (4+8+2+4 = 18)

      • Deferred time is added to the the 8 consecutive on day 2

      • Driving time  26 (13+8+5 = 26)


    Cycles
    Cycles

    • A driver must follow one of 2 cycles:

    • -Cycle 1 – 70 hours in 7 days or

    • -Cycle 2 – 120 hours in 14 days

    • A driver must declare the cycle on their log sheet

    • A driver must take at least 24 consecutive hours of off-duty time in the proceeding 14 days

    • A driver following Cycle 2 must take at least 24 consecutive hours off-duty once the driver has accumulated 70 hours of on-duty time (not upon reaching the 70th hour on-duty)


    Cycle resets optional
    Cycle Resets (Optional)

    • A driver can reset the current cycle by taking 36 hours off-duty for Cycle 1 and 72 hours off-duty for Cycle 2

    • A driver can switch cycles by taking 36 hours off-duty to switch from Cycle 1 to 2 and 72 hours off-duty to switch from Cycle 2 to Cycle 1


    Permit oil well service vehicles
    Permit – Oil Well Service Vehicles

    • A provincial director upon approval from other provincial directors affected by the permit may issue a permit if there is no reason to believe that the safety or health of the public, the driver or of the employees of the motor carrier would be jeopardized.

    • The driver of the permit is exempt from cycle requirements

    • The driver must take at least 3, 24 hour periods of off-duty time consecutively or separated in any period of 24 days


    Permit oil well service vehicles cont d
    Permit-Oil Well Service Vehicles (cont’d)

    • The driver can not defer off-duty time to the next day

    • The driver must maintain daily logs for each day even while operating within 160 km radius of the home terminal

    • The driver must carry at least 14 days of daily logs and in addition daily logs for each of the required 3 periods of 24 consecutive hours of off-duty time


    Stand by time
    Stand-By Time

    • Stand-by Time in the cab of the truck can count towards the 2 hours off-duty

    • Stand-by Time can not count towards the 8 hours consecutive off-duty requirement

    • All Stand-by Time will count towards the 16 hour work shift


    Other requirements
    Other Requirements

    • Rules are varied for North of 60

    • Drivers are required to carry 14 days worth of daily logs regardless of the cycle being followed

    • The new regulation details sleeper berth specifications

    • Motor carriers, shippers, consignees or any other person is responsible for ensuring that a driver does not drive if the driver appears fatigued

    • A motor carrier is required to monitor driver compliance to all regulatory requirements and to take remedial action and to record all information related to the incidents


    Provincial hours of service regulation
    Provincial Hours of Service Regulation

    • Alberta will be proposing a provincial regulation that will reflect the principles of the federal regulation

    • Alberta will be conducting public consultation on the proposed regulation once the Interpretation Guide for the federal regulation is complete