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GORBACHEV AND REFORM. GORBACHEV AND REFORM. THE END OF BREZHNEV. Brezhnev’s death long anticipated. Increasingly infirm & senile. Died Nov. 10, 1982. GORBACHEV AND REFORM. INTERREGNUM. Succeeded by IURII ANDROVPOV , 1982. Former head of KGB. Attempted limited reform.

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GORBACHEV AND REFORM

THE END OF BREZHNEV

  • Brezhnev’s death long anticipated
  • Increasingly infirm & senile
  • Died Nov. 10, 1982
slide3

GORBACHEV AND REFORM

INTERREGNUM

  • Succeeded by IURII ANDROVPOV, 1982
  • Former head of KGB
  • Attempted limited reform
  • But died after only 15 months in office
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GORBACHEV AND REFORM

INTERREGNUM

  • Next leader = KONSTANTIN CHERNENKO, 1984
  • Brezhnev protégé
  • Even older & sicker than Andropov
  • In absence, MIKHAIL GORBACHEV took on many leadership duties
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GORBACHEV AND REFORM

USSR UNDER GORBACHEV (1985-1991)

  • A New Leadership Style
  • Young, confident, charismatic
  • Good on TV
  • Very popular in West
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GORBACHEV AND REFORM

USSR UNDER GORBACHEV (1985-1991)

  • First Reforms: The Economy
  • Tightened labor discipline
  • Tried to combat poor quality & corruption
  • Restricted sale of vodka
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GORBACHEV AND REFORM

USSR UNDER GORBACHEV (1985-1991)

Andrei Sakharov

  • GLASNOST
  • New “openness”
  • Meant to bolster economic reforms
  • Challenged official secrecy & Party monopoly

Chernobyl disaster

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GORBACHEV AND REFORM

USSR UNDER GORBACHEV (1985-1991)

  • PERESTROIKA
  • “Restructuring”
  • Some elements of market economy
  • Some measure of democracy
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GORBACHEV AND REFORM

SOVIET CULTURE

  • Effects of Glasnost’
  • Open discussion of everything
  • End of dissident repression
  • Reassessment of history
  • End of Party interference with art & literature
  • Publication of previously banned books