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GORBACHEV AND REFORM. GORBACHEV AND REFORM. THE END OF BREZHNEV. Brezhnev’s death long anticipated. Increasingly infirm & senile. Died Nov. 10, 1982. GORBACHEV AND REFORM. INTERREGNUM. Succeeded by IURII ANDROVPOV , 1982. Former head of KGB. Attempted limited reform.

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  2. GORBACHEV AND REFORM THE END OF BREZHNEV • Brezhnev’s death long anticipated • Increasingly infirm & senile • Died Nov. 10, 1982

  3. GORBACHEV AND REFORM INTERREGNUM • Succeeded by IURII ANDROVPOV, 1982 • Former head of KGB • Attempted limited reform • But died after only 15 months in office

  4. GORBACHEV AND REFORM INTERREGNUM • Next leader = KONSTANTIN CHERNENKO, 1984 • Brezhnev protégé • Even older & sicker than Andropov • In absence, MIKHAIL GORBACHEV took on many leadership duties

  5. GORBACHEV AND REFORM USSR UNDER GORBACHEV (1985-1991) • A New Leadership Style • Young, confident, charismatic • Good on TV • Very popular in West

  6. GORBACHEV AND REFORM USSR UNDER GORBACHEV (1985-1991) • First Reforms: The Economy • Tightened labor discipline • Tried to combat poor quality & corruption • Restricted sale of vodka

  7. GORBACHEV AND REFORM USSR UNDER GORBACHEV (1985-1991) Andrei Sakharov • GLASNOST • New “openness” • Meant to bolster economic reforms • Challenged official secrecy & Party monopoly Chernobyl disaster

  8. GORBACHEV AND REFORM USSR UNDER GORBACHEV (1985-1991) • PERESTROIKA • “Restructuring” • Some elements of market economy • Some measure of democracy

  9. GORBACHEV AND REFORM SOVIET CULTURE • Effects of Glasnost’ • Open discussion of everything • End of dissident repression • Reassessment of history • End of Party interference with art & literature • Publication of previously banned books

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