Emergent Leadership. Leaders which arise from the group and have their base of power from followers rather than a higher authority. Example; elected leaders Idiosyncrasy credits -- The freedom to violate group norms given to members who have contributed much to the group.
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Substitute or Neutralizer Person Production
ability, training X (S)
2. Professional Orientation X (S) X (S)
3. Indifference to rewards X (N) X (N)
1. Routine & clear X (S)
2. Provides own feedback X(S)
3. Intrinsically satisfying X (S)
Substitute or Neutralizer People Production
1. Cohesive work group X (S) X(S)
2. Low position power X(N) X (N)
3. formalization X(S)
4. Inflexibility, rigid work X (N)
5. Spatial distance between X (N) X (N)
leader and group