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Child labour PowerPoint Presentation
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Child labour - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Child labour

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  1. Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys- MICS3 Analysis and Report Writing Workshop Panama City, July 12-20, 2006 Child labour

  2. Indicators • Percentage of children 5-14 years of age involved in child labour activities • Labourer students • Student labourers

  3. Goals • World Fit for Children (WFFC) • Protect children against abuse, exploitation and violence. Under general protection nine strategies are mentioned to combat child labour • Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) • The Millennium Declaration calls for the protection of children against abuse, exploitation and violence but no goal, target or indicator is included

  4. Why to measure child labour? • Reasons: • Identify the magnitude of the problem as well as its characteristics • Evaluate impact of programs and interventions based on trends

  5. Data sources/methods • Administrative records • Population census • Household surveys • Other surveys

  6. The MICS3 approach • Estimation of indicator based on household survey data • Present results by background variables to localize the problem • Promote the design and implementation of further analysis of the main determinants of child labour to help the design of policies and the development of programs and interventions

  7. Child labour • Numerator: • Ages 5-11 • at least one hour of economic activity or • at least 28 hours of household chores per week • Ages 12-14 • at least 14 hours of economic activity or • at least 28 hours of household chores per week • Economic activity of children is defined as any paid or unpaid work for someone who is not a member of the household, or other family work • Denominator: All children 5-14 years of age

  8. Child labour in CEE/CIS(MICS2 1999-2001)

  9. SPSS Program • Generates basic table: CP 2 • Percent of children 5-14 years of age involved in child labour activities

  10. Labourer students • Numerator: • Number of children aged 5-14 years involved in child labour activities (labourers) that attend school • Denominator: • Total number of children aged 5-14 years involved in child labour activities (labourers)

  11. Students labourers • Numerator: • Number of children aged 5-14 years attending school that are involved in child labour activities • Denominator: • Total number of children aged 5-14 years attending school

  12. SPSS Program • Generates basic table: CP 3 • Generates • the percent of children 5-14 years of age involved in child labour activities (labourers) that also are attending school and • The percent of children 5-14 years of age attending school who are also involved in child labour activities

  13. Methodological issues • 28 hours as the cut-off for household chores • Gender issue • Shall we measure economic activity only? • Where do agencies (ILO and the World Bank) stand on the child labour problem? • Presentation of results for disadvantaged groups

  14. Child Labour, Education and thePrinciple of Non-DiscriminationElizabeth D. Gibbons, Friedrich Huebler, and Edilberto LoaizaDivision of Policy and Planning, UNICEFNew YorkJune 9, 2004

  15. Thank you!