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A Breakthrough Approach to Aluminium Smelter Development: The VSFb Inc. Concept. VSFb Inc . is seeking a cash equity investment of US$ 0.75 million
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VSFb Inc. is seeking a cash equity investment of
US$ 0.75 million
This Presentation is an abstract of a more comprehensive presentation available for workshops with corporate clients. The present format has been prepared for
Venture Capital Investors
Due Diligence is available on all facts and figures stated in this presentation
VSFb Inc.offers a low risk, high return, easy exit strategy forVenture Capital Investors
GEAN Overseas, Inc.K+T Engineers Ltd.
REEL Group (France), Hencon BV (Netherlands), Ross Controls (US) and Power Jacks Ltd. (UK) are pre-committed to invest roughly 50% of cash equity needs.
ALSTOM Power and ALSTOM Environmentare committed to supply the power plant and emission control System
Hydro Aluminium, Elkem Aluminium and Russian Aluminium, the 3 most experienced producers in Soderberg Technology, have validated all assumptions on which VSFb Business Plan is based.
Source for 1910 to 1991: Metal Statistics (AMM)
1992-present: Al - HG Cash Price (LME)
Steel - CF Carbon 1018 Bar (AMM)
Pre 1970 Aluminium Prices: Downwards Trend Imposed by Alcoa1972 1st Oil Crisis: The trend reverses.Péchiney emerges as controlling highly energy efficient technology1978 LME Starts quoting Aluminium Prices - Pricing policy dominated by Traders Last 3 Decades, Industry de-concentrating: New generation of producers and new, smaller players are also emerging: Aluminium is and remains an attractive market…
Anodes Baked Elsewhere, consuming precious gas or light oil in costly Baking Oven
Needs a complex Rodding Shop, or imported rodded anodes at high cost
Anode mass is made up from several individual blocks
Faraday Efficiency up to 96%
Energy consumption of 13.5 kWh/kg without counting Baking Energy Consumption
Capital costs (greenfield): $ 4,000-5,000/tpy
Low flexibility (10-15%) in case of Load Management
Anode baking critical part of cell operation.
Energy Consumption of 15.0 kWh/Kg. Baking energy is included in the Electrical Power consumed by the Cell
Anode mass is a single unit
Faraday Efficiency up to 93% with demonstrated potential for improvement
Capital costs: No greenfields since the early 70’s. Gean-KTD proposes less than $ 3,000/tpy
Bad reputation regarding pollution and safety & health issues (PAH, HF, CnFn…)
High flexibility (2/3rd) in case of Load ManagementKey Differences Between Pre-Bake & Søderberg Cells
H.S.P. Pitch Dry Anode Mix
Pot Offtake Gas
Potroom Fume Treatment Plant
AluminaSøderberg Smelter Process Flow Diagram
US$ Million Figures - Based on Emerging Market Labor Rates
that the step change in current efficiency performance to a level of 92% to 93 % has been achieved. La Coruna Smelter in Spain (Alcoa), Lista (Elkem-Alcoa) and Karmoy (Hydro Aluminium) in Norway, and others.