Problems of Developing Nations. May 22, 2013. Overview of current problems.
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May 22, 2013
Most of the poorest people in the world live in countries that are in the “Global South”: developing (growing, but below developed standards), less-developed (may or may not be growing and below developed standards) or underdeveloped (stagnated and below developed standards)
Generally speaking, therefore, poverty is associated with less complex economies and less technologically advanced infrastructure.
Nature of poverty:
UN Millennium Development Goals: cut in half the proportion of world’s population living in extreme poverty by half by 2015
average annual per capita income, North: $31,000)
Basic Human Needs:
Problems: Children in Global South:
1 in 4: malnutrition
1 in 5: no safe drinking water
1 in 7: no access to adequate health care
1 in 3: no access to education
More general global problems:
1 in 7 people don’t have access to safe drinking water
40% have no access to sanitation
30% of worlds doctors for 75% of world’s population
5% of medical research conducted on problems that affect less developed areas
Lack of immunization against deadly disease despite availability of vaccines
General lack of resource expenditures on these problems despite the fact that most (education, basic immunization) are very cheap per capita
Women also tend to be more vulnerable to problem of poverty given their generally lower social status, assignment of gender roles, and role in reproduction.
Also the case that providing women with a chance to succeed has large effects on problems of poverty even though much of their labor is not recorded and used in the calculation of GDP
Efforts to reduce poverty by addressing problems pertaining to women:
People also attempt to move from less developed to more developed areas, either voluntarily or due to circumstances that force them to leave.
Immigrants: people who voluntarily leave their native country in search of better opportunities, generally economic.
Refugees are people who have been involuntarily displaced from their homes by war, discrimination or natural disasters.
Immigrants may live in poverty because
Refugees have problems in large part because they are unable to enter a country and live a normal life.
An associated problem is human trafficking. This is the practice of conveying people across borders either involuntarily or through a payment that is usually discharged through labor.
Involuntary trafficking is associated with the sex trade, with those trafficked usually kidnapped or tricked into a compromising situation, then transported to another country and kept involuntarily in degrading conditions.
Voluntary trafficking involves the use of people smugglers to get illicit immigrants into a country. However, to pay the debt owed the trafficker, these people often work as virtual slaves for months or years and are also subjected to degrading, impoverished conditions.