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Comparative Politics of Developing Nations Fall 2007, FSPUB Logistics: Instructor: Florin Fesnic E: ffesnic@yahoo.com ( fesnic@uiuc.edu ) T: 0728-095715 W: https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/fesnic/fspub/241.htm Office hours: Wed 4-5 and by appointment Logistics II:

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logistics
Logistics:
  • Instructor: Florin Fesnic
  • E: ffesnic@yahoo.com (fesnic@uiuc.edu)
  • T: 0728-095715
  • W:https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/fesnic/fspub/241.htm
  • Office hours: Wed 4-5 and by appointment
logistics ii
Logistics II:
  • Attendance: NOT required (caveat)
  • Readings: CD
  • Notes: on line (caveat)
  • 2 exams (40% each)
  • Weekly contributions (10 percent)
  • Class participation and/or discussion board contributions (10%)
  • Class roster with emails
exams
Exams

List with questions in advance

(e.g., https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/fesnic/fspub/questions_2006.htm)

Exam: 3-5 questions from the list provided in advance

weekly contributions 10
Weekly contributions (10%):
  • Five email submissions (ffesnic@yahoo.com);
  • No later than Tuesday, 3 PM (the day prior to discussion of the texts);
  • ½ to one page; substance, not length
  • E.g., summary; criticism(s); relevance (e.g., lessons for Romania)
class participation and or discussion board 10
Class participation and/or discussion board (10%):
  • Discussion board: FSPUB and/or yahoo groups
  • Roughly similar to weekly contributions;
  • Even more open-ended (e.g., interesting topics, books, web sites)
assignment
“Assignment”:

Name what are, in your opinion, the best “political” book(s)/article(s)/movie(s);

Name what are, in your opinion, the worst “political” book(s) & article(s);

Think of positive things (e.g., from other courses) that may improve this course; explain;

Think of positive things (e.g., from other courses) that may improve this course; explain;

What do you expect from this course?

comparative politics of developing nations8
“Comparative Politics of Developing Nations”
  • “Developing Nations”: what
  • “Comparative Politics”: how
comparative method
Comparative Method:
  • Comparative politics: refers to both a subject and a method of analysis
  • (i) Subject: Comparative Politics is the special field of teaching and research within Political Science customarily devoted to “the politics of other countries or peoples”
slide10
(ii) Method: As a method, comparative politics involves an analytical effort to exploit the similarities and differences between political units as a basis for developing “grounded theory,” testing hypotheses, inferring causality, and producing reliable generalizations

(The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World)

why compare
Why compare?
  • [Advantages of comparison (pp. 69-71; Box 5.1, p. 69)]
  • [Difficulties of comparison (Box 5.2, p. 71)]
  • Functional equivalence

(e.g., military coups in Third World countries ≈ elections in established democracies)

  • [Selection bias; selection on the dependent variable]
  • [Too many variables, too few countries]
techniques of comparison
Techniques of comparison:

[ - Case study

- Small-N vs. large-N analysis:

  • Focused comparison (small N, case-oriented)
  • Statistical analysis (large N, variable-oriented)]

- Most similar vs. most-different:

  • Most similar systems
  • Most different systems

[- Dependent variable, independent variable, intervening variable (Box 5.6, p. 84)]

i developing nations
I. “Developing Nations”
  • The “label game”(?)
    • “Underdeveloped nations”
    • “Developing nations”
    • “Less Developed Countries” (LDCs)
    • “Third World” – residual category
development three components
Development: three components
  • Economic development: high GDP per capita, equitable income distribution
  • Social development: quality education, health care, low infant mortality, high life expectancy
  • Political development: democracy & functional institutions
gdp per capita best measure for development
GDP per capita = best measure for development?
  • GDP per capita – problems:
    • Not comprehensive enough (social development?)
    • No measure of inequality (sensitive to extreme values)

Solution?

human development index
Human Development Index
  • HDI = “The UN Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, childbirth, and other factors for countries worldwide. ”

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Development_Index>

UNDP: <http://www.undp.org/>

colonialism consequences
Colonialism & Consequences
  • Colonialism (Y/N)

Consequences (e.g., democracy)

  • If yes, what type? (e.g., British vs. French)