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World War I: The War At Home. 1914-1920. Mobilizing the Nation. Wilson mobilized the U.S. P rograms to finance the war, conserve scarce resources, & redirect industry & labor Propaganda for support & intolerance of antiwar. Directing the Economy. E conomy had to reorganized

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mobilizing the nation
Mobilizing the Nation
  • Wilson mobilized the U.S.
    • Programs to finance the war, conserve scarce resources, & redirect industry & labor
    • Propaganda for support & intolerance of antiwar
directing the economy
Directing the Economy
  • Economy had to reorganized
  • Raising $= eventually cost $35 billion
    • Raised $ w/ Liberty bonds & Victory bonds
    • Promotion each issue= Huge success
  • taxes on business & large personal incomes
    • $10 billion for the war
directing the economy1
Directing the Economy
  • Coordinating the actions of gov’t& business w/ war boards
  • Never took complete control
  • Set prices & production of supplies & regulated businesses
conserving resources
Conserving Resources
  • Fed. war boards= Food Admin. & Fuel Admin.- regulated the production & supply
  • Herbert Hoover= Food Admin.
    • food production & conserved existing supplies
    • Guaranteed farmers high prices= production
conserving resources1
Conserving Resources
  • Reduce consumption= effective
    • Wheat less & meatless days
  • “Victory gardens”
  • Harry Garfield= Fuel Admin.
    • Heatless Mondays
    • 1918, closed factories east of the Mississippi River for
organizing industry
Organizing Industry
  • 100s of boards regulated production & distribution
    • RR Admin. reorganized by setting limits= rates & wages
  • Coordinated by War Industries Board (WIB)
    • Allocated scarce materials, production priorities, & prices
organizing industry1
Organizing Industry
  • Critical of programs
    • Intervention would damage the U.S. system of free enterprise
  • Profits soared= critics stopped
quick review
Quick Review
  • What did the U.S. government do to finance the war?
  • How was the Food & Fuel Administration successful?
  • What happened to industry as a result of President Wilson’s programs?
activity promo commercial
Activity: Promo Commercial
  • Create a promotional commercial describing the government’s efforts to prepare the nation for war
  • Promote a specific effort or several, up to you
  • Informative & Entertaining
  • Use a rubric