Spanish-American War. What is Imperialism? -The policy by which strong nations extend their political, military, and economic control over weaker territories. Why did nations across the world want Imperialism?
-The policy by which strong nations extend their political, military, and economic control over weaker territories.
Why did nations across the world want Imperialism?
-Powerful nations wanted to extend their influence across the world. This caused the United States to consider the benefits of imperialism.Factors Leading to Imperialism
-Need of raw materials for home land
-Possession of colonies gave countries competitive edge
-Trade with other countries would solve US economic problems
2. Military strength
-To expand and protect interests
-Alfred T. Mahan grew American Naval power-gave US third largest navy in the world
3. National superiority:
- Social Darwinism
-people thought the United States wouldn’t survive without expanding
-Manifest DestinyFactors leading to imperialism
• Volunteers of native Americans, college athletes, cowboys, and ranchers.
• Secured many outposts such as Las Guasimas and San Juan Heights surrounding Santiago
• Many men contracted the virus of Malarial fever(Cuban fever) while returning home, but all were back to good health within the next month
Ended Spanish-American War
All Europe, besides England, on Spain’s side
Discussed Cuba and debt, but mostly Philippines
US pays $20 million for Philippines and Spain’s losses.
America gains Guam and Puerto Rico
Spain gives up claims to Cuba
Signed on October 10, 1898
Anti-expansionists against acquisition of Philippines.
1899: Treaty ratified. US becomes world power.Treaty of Paris 1898
1. How did the anti-imperialists and pro-expansionists affect the way Americans viewed the Spanish-American war?
2. How did the reasons for going to war differ from what we gained from it?
3. Analyze and discuss the connection between social Darwinism and the “White Man’s Burden”.Discussion