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Spanish American War. Deal or No Deal. US Interest in Cuba. William L. Marcy, US Secretary of State ( 1853-1857).

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spanish american war

Spanish American War

Deal or No Deal

William L. Marcy, US Secretary of State (1853-1857)

“Our minister at Madrid, during the Administration of President Polk, was instructed to ascertain if Spain was disposed to transfer Cuba to the United States for a liberal pecuniary consideration.”

July 23, 1853

James Buchanan, 15th President (1857-1861)

“I reiterate [my] recommendation ... in favor of the acquisition of Cuba from Spain by fair purchase. I firmly believe that such an acquisition would contribute essentially to the well-being and prosperity of both countries in all future time.”

State of the Union

December 3, 1860

Argued for:
  • Building the Panama Canal
  • Obtaining bases in the Caribbean
  • Building maritime commerce
  • Building a navy to protect commerce and prevent blockade
  • Obtaining overseas colonies for refueling and repair
Jose Marti (1853-1895)

Exiled Cuban Nationalist

  • Published newspaper La Patria Libre (Free Fatherland) in 1869
  • Arrested and sentenced to six year hard labor; released and exiled from Cuba
  • Founded the Cuban Revolutionary Party
  • Killed in a skirmish in Cuba
william randolph hearst publisher new york journal san francisco examiner
William Randolph Hearst Publisher, New York Journal & San Francisco Examiner
  • Didn't mind fabricating stories - goal was 1 million subscribers.
    • “You furnish the pictures, I'll furnish the war”
  • Published pictures showing how Spanish saboteurs had fastened an underwater mine to the Maine
joseph pulitzer 1847 1911 publisher new york world st louis post dispatch
Joseph Pulitzer (1847-1911)Publisher, New York World & St. Louis Post-Dispatch
  • At thirty-six, purchased the New York World
  • Sent divers to investigate the wreck of the Maine
  • Battled for readers with William Randolph Hearst
  • Endowed the school of journalism at Columbia University in New York City
general valeriano weyler y nicolau governor commander in chief spanish army in cuba the butcher
General Valeriano Weyler y NicolauGovernor & Commander-in-Chief,Spanish Army in Cuba “The Butcher”
  • Relocated (herded) more than 300,000 rebels into "reconcentration camps,
  • Bad and inadequate food and lack of sanitation killed thousands of peasants
    • ~50,000 in Havana province alone
    • Cuban émigrés publicized Weyler's inhumanity and won the sympathy in the U.S.
theodore roosevelt assistant secretary of the navy
Theodore RooseveltAssistant Secretary of the Navy
  • The Naval War of 1812, set the standard for studies on naval strategy and was required reading at the Naval Academy
  • Befriended Alfred Thayer Mahan

"the liveliest spot in the Navy Department. The decks are cleared for action. Acting Secretary Roosevelt....has the whole Navy bordering on a war footing.”

New York Sun

delome letter
DeLome Letter
  • Written by the Spanish Ambassador to the United States
  • Criticized President McKinley:
    • “weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd”
    • “a would-be politician”
  • Published in the New York Journal - helped generate public support for a war with Spain
platt amendment
Platt Amendment
  • Approved May 22, 1903
  • U.S. - Cuba Treaty: attempted to protect Cuba's independence from foreign intervention
  • Permitted extensive U.S. involvement in Cuban international and domestic affairs to enforce Cuban independence
roosevelt corollary to the monroe doctrine
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
  • All that this country desires is to see the neighboring countries stable, orderly and prosperous....Chronic wrongdoing, or an impotence which results in a general loosening of the ties of civilized society, may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention...[and] force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an internal police power.

“Speak softly and carry a big stick”

spanish american war1

Spanish American War

Deal or No Deal